Work as a meteorologist for a day

Work as a meteorologist for a day

In this lesson, your students will practice being a meteorologist for a day. They may work in pairs or groups to gather weather data for a city or town somewhere in their country. Then they will create a weather report based on the data.

​Objectives

Students will learn about the science of meteorology and the work of meteorologists.

Learning Outcomes

  • Students will research and collect weather data for a specific city or town.
  • Students will create and present a weather report to the class.

Lesson procedure

Introduction

Write "Meteorologist" on the board.

Can you define this word?

The word "meteorology" comes from two ancient Greek words: meteor, which means "a thing in the air" and "logy", which means "the study of." So meteorology originally meant the study of things in the air above.

Today, a meteorologist is a scientist who studies the atmosphere of a planet, focusing on understanding weather processes and forecasting weather conditions. The scientific definition of weather is "events that occur in the atmosphere of a planet that are caused by the interaction of temperature, air pressure, air, and vapor."

What kinds of information or data does a meteorologist use to give accurate weather forecasts?

What kind of tools do meteorologists use to help them make accurate predictions?

Why are weather forecasts important? Ask students to name various kinds of occupations for which weather forecasts might be essential. Name some activities or situations in which weather forecasts can be useful.

Have you ever wanted to be a meteorologist or wondered how they get their information and make their predictions? Now is your chance. In this activity, you will research the weather conditions for a specific city or town, use your data to prepare a weather forecast for people living there, and present your report to the class.

Teacher Tips

  • Choose two extremes

    Compare two vastly different climates such as that of a desert and tundra.

  • The business of precipitation

    There are many businesses that depend greatly on the weather, farming being the most obvious. Ask students to think of other businesses affected by rain, snow, and other types of weather.

  • The winds of change

    Ask students to name a few cities in the world where it would be the least interesting to be a weather person. Where is the weather nearly the same every day? See if they head to Singapore or to the equator.

Student activity

The Meteorologist student guide (Office Word document, 19 KB) contains details on the main activities for this lesson plan, including Step 1, "Gather data for a weather report," and Step 2, “Present your weather report.”

​Lesson extension activities

Students can watch or listen to a television or radio news weather forecast or look to see what other kinds of weather data they can find on the Internet, and then add these data points to their reports.

Ask students to research the technology of the Doppler radar, the Doppler effect, and the Austrian physicist Christian Doppler.

Ask students to conduct research on the Farmers’ Almanac, and contrast the way it predicts weather versus the tools and radars available today.

Conclusion

Ask students to present their reports to the class as a live meteorologist broadcasting from a local television or radio station.

Assess students on the following:

  • Their research skills.
  • How accurately they collected data.
  • Their performance during the class presentation.