Patent Cooperation Agreement - Microsoft & Novell Interoperability Collaboration

Published: November 02, 2006 | Updated: July 05, 2007

Covenant to Customers

Microsoft, on behalf of itself and its Subsidiaries (collectively “Microsoft”), hereby covenants not to sue Novell’s Customers and Novell’s Subsidiaries’ Customers for infringement under Covered Patents of Microsoft on account of such a Customer’s use of specific copies of a Covered Product as distributed by Novell or its Subsidiaries (collectively “Novell”) for which Novell has received Revenue (directly or indirectly) for such specific copies; provided the foregoing covenant is limited to use by such Customer (i) of such specific copies that are authorized by Novell in consideration for such Revenue, and (ii) within the scope authorized by Novell in consideration for such Revenue. For the avoidance of doubt, the “received Revenue” requirement above is deemed satisfied with respect to such Customer receiving from Novell a free update to a component of a specific copy of a Covered Product for which Novell has previously received Revenue, but is not satisfied with respect to such Customer receiving a free upgrade or a new version of such specific copy unless Novell has received Revenue (directly or indirectly) for such upgrade or new version.

For specific copies of Covered Products distributed by Novell for Revenue before the end of the Term, the foregoing covenant shall apply as to all Covered Patents, including Captured Patents. For specific copies of Covered Products distributed by Novell for Revenue after the end of the Term, the foregoing covenant shall apply only as to Captured Patents.

Also, the foregoing covenant will apply to Novell’s customers' and its developers' use of copies of Covered Products distributed by Novell that are in development (including, without limitation, work in process; trial, alpha, beta and release candidate versions; and other versions of products intended for but not yet generally released for Revenue on a commercial basis), even if Novell does not receive Revenue in connection therewith, provided that such copies are solely provided for development, testing or evaluation purposes and support thereof, if any, continues for no longer than one-hundred eighty (180) days from distribution. In any case, the covenant granted pursuant to this paragraph shall expire as to such customers and developers one-hundred eighty (180) days from distribution to such customers and developers.

Definitions of capitalized terms used above may be found in the Definitions section below.

Microsoft reserves the right to update (including discontinue) the foregoing covenant pursuant to the terms of the Patent Cooperation Agreement between Novell and Microsoft that was publicly announced on November 2, 2006; however, the covenant as set forth above will continue as to specific copies of Covered Products distributed by Novell for Revenue before such update.

Definitions – Covenant to Customers

“Captured Patents” means Covered Patents entitled, in whole or in part, to an effective filing date on or before January 1, 2001 (i) which a granting party or any of its Subsidiaries owns or controls as of the Effective Date, or (ii) under which (and to the extent to which) a granting party or any of its Subsidiaries has as of the Effective Date the ability or right to grant a release, covenant not to sue or other freedom from suit.

“Covered Patents” means Patents entitled, in whole or in part, to an effective filing date on or before the end of the Term (i) which a granting party or any of its Subsidiaries now or hereafter during the Term owns or controls, or (ii) under which (and to the extent to which) a granting party or any of its Subsidiaries now or hereafter during the Term has the ability or right to grant a release, covenant not to sue or other freedom from suit. Covered Patents do not include Extendible Third Party Patents.

“Covered Products” of a Party means all products and services sold, licensed, supplied, distributed or otherwise made available by such Party except for Foundry Products, Clone Products and Other Excluded Products (collectively, “Excluded Products”).

“Customers” means an entity or individual that utilizes a specific copy of a Covered Product (or, for purposes of Sections 4.2 and 7.3, any product or service of a Party) for its intended purpose as authorized by a Party in consideration for Revenue (directly or indirectly) to such Party. Entities or individuals are not Customers when they (1) resell, license, supply, distribute or otherwise make available to third parties such specific copy or additional copies of the Covered Product (or, for purposes of Sections 4.2 and 7.3, any product or service of a Party) they otherwise utilize as a Customer; or (2) resell, license, supply, or distribute the output of SDKs or embedded developer kits they utilize as a Customer. For avoidance of doubt, an entity or individual cannot qualify both as a Customer and Distributor for use of the same copy of any given product or service.

“Revenue” means any consideration to a Party that is reasonably attributable to a Covered Product (or, for purposes of Sections 1.7(i) and 4.2, and the definition of “Customers” as used only in Sections 4.2 and 7.3, any product or service of a Party). Revenue includes without limitation (a) consideration for any (i) sale or license of Covered Products or the sale or license of the services of Covered Products, (ii) warranties, indemnification or updates for Covered Products, (iii) maintenance, upgrades, upgrade protection, service, premium service packages, subscription, consulting, installation and support contracts for Covered Products, (iv) user or device access rights to Covered Products, and (v) hosting by a Party of Covered Products for the benefit of third parties, and (b) for purposes of Sections 1.7(i) and 4.2, and the definition of “Customers” as used only in Sections 4.2 and 7.3, the consideration described in the foregoing subsection (a) with respect to any products or services of a Party.

“Subsidiary” means any entity (a) more than fifty percent (50%) of whose outstanding shares or securities representing the right to vote for the election of directors or other managing authority are, now or hereafter, owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a party, but such entity shall be considered a Subsidiary only so long as such ownership or control exists; or (b) which does not have outstanding shares or securities, as may be the case in a partnership, joint venture or unincorporated association, but more than fifty percent (50%) of whose ownership interest representing the right to make the decisions for such entity is, now or hereafter, owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a party, but such entity shall be considered a Subsidiary only so long as such ownership or control exists.

“Term” means the period beginning on the Effective Date and ending on January 1, 2012, unless (and for so long as) extended pursuant to Section 7.6, provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, the Term will end on the date of termination of this Agreement.

“Effective Date” means November 2, 2006.

“Patents” means any and all patents, utility models, patent registrations, and equivalent rights (including, without limitation, originals, divisionals, provisionals, results of reexamination, continuations, continuations-in-part, extensions or reissues), and applications for the foregoing, in all countries of the world, and any other procedure or formality with respect to the aforesaid that can result in an enforceable patent right anywhere worldwide.  Patents do not include design patents, design registrations, or trade dress rights.

“Extendible Third Party Patents” means any Patent entitled, in whole or in part, to an effective filing date on or before the end of the Term which is not owned or controlled during the Term by a granting party or any of its Subsidiaries but under which the granting party or any of its Subsidiaries now has or hereafter during the Term obtains the ability or right to grant a  covenant not to sue or other freedom from suit to customers of the other Party, where the grant of the covenant or other freedom from suit to the customers of the other Party is contingent on the payment of consideration to a third party which (a) is not a Subsidiary of the granting Party or (b) at the time an invention claimed by the Patent was conceived, was not a Subsidiary of the granting Party or an employee or contractor of the granting Party or a Subsidiary of the granting Party.

“Party” means either Microsoft or Novell and their respective Subsidiaries.

“Foundry Product” means a product which is either (a) designed by a third party (or designed for a third party other than by a Party) without substantial input from a Party (“Acting Party”) and made, reproduced, sold, licensed, or otherwise transferred by the Acting Party, on essentially an exclusive basis, (i) to that third party, or (ii) to that third party’s customers, or (iii) as directed by that third party; or (b) made, reproduced, sold, licensed or otherwise transferred through or by the Acting Party for the primary purpose of attempting to make such product subject to the covenants under the Covered Patents of the other Party so that a third party’s customers can receive the benefit of such covenants.  For purposes of clarification of subsection (a) of this Section 1.8, the parties acknowledge that a product as to which a Party has contributed substantially to the development will have been designed with substantial input from the Party and, accordingly, shall not constitute a Foundry Product.

“Clone Product” means a product (or major component thereof) of a Party that has the same or substantially the same features and functionality as a then-existing product (or major component thereof) of the other Party (“Prior Product”) and that (a) has the same or substantially the same user interface as the Prior Product, or (b) implements all or substantially all of the Applications Programming Interfaces of the Prior Product.  Those portions of a product that are otherwise licensed to one Party from the other Party, or that are compliant with a specification of a standards organization as to which the other Party has consented to the use of its Patents therefor, shall not be considered in determining whether the product is a Clone Product.

   (i)    The Parties agree that versions of products sold, licensed, supplied, distributed or otherwise made available by a Party for Revenue before the Effective Date (or major components thereof) (“Existing Products”) and new versions of such Existing Products to the extent they incorporate features and functionality of Existing Products (“Existing Product Functionality”) will not be deemed Clone Products.  For purposes of clarification, the parties acknowledge that Existing Product Functionality may be considered in determining whether a new version of an Existing Product (or major component thereof) meets the requirements set forth in the first paragraph of this definition, provided that, even if the new version (or major component thereof) meets such requirements, (A) only the Clone Product Functionality will be deemed a Clone Product and (B) the Existing Product Functionality will not be deemed a Clone Product.  For purposes of this subsection (i), “Clone Product Functionality” means features or functionality of such new version (other than Existing Product Functionality) that add to meeting the requirements set forth in the first paragraph of this definition.

   (ii)   Notwithstanding subsection (i) above, Wine, OpenXchange, StarOffice and OpenOffice are not subject to such subsection (i); however, the exclusion of such products from such subsection (i) is without implication as to (and shall not affect the determination of) whether such products (or any features or functionality thereof) are Clone Products.  Further, the Parties agree that (A) no inference shall be drawn from the reference to the above products in this subsection as to whether such products are Clone Products and (B) this subsection and subsection (i) shall not be admitted or referred to in evidence in any dispute regarding whether any of the products referred to in this subsection is a Clone Product.

“Other Excluded Products” means (a) office productivity applications (word processing, spreadsheets, presentation software, etc.) of the Parties that are hosted by or running on a computer acting as a server for a connected client device, and (b) new features and functions in the following categories of products of the Parties, but not to the extent the products embody operating system software or other enabling technologies:  (i) video game consoles (e.g., Xbox video game consoles), console games, video game applications designed to run on a computer, and on-line video gaming services (e.g., Xbox live); (ii) business applications designed, marketed and used to meet the data processing requirements of particular business functions, such as accounting, payroll, human resources, project management, personnel performance management, sales management, financial forecasting, financial reporting, customer relationship management, and supply chain management; (iii) mail transfer agents (aka email servers); and (iv) unified communications.

“Distributors” means resellers and distributors to the extent they are authorized by a Party (directly or indirectly) to resell, license, supply, distribute or otherwise make available Covered Products (or, for purposes of Section 4.2, any product or service of a Party) of the Party (whether the resale or distribution is on a stand-alone basis, on an OEM basis as bundled with hardware or other software of the reseller or distributor, or otherwise).

“Applications Programming Interfaces” means a set of one or more routines or interfaces provided by a software program (including an operating system, middleware or other software application) that are used to invoke or direct functions or services of such software program for use by other software programs.  For avoidance of doubt, Applications Programming Interfaces does not include protocols used by software programs running on a computer system to communicate with another computer or software programs running on another computer.