Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)
The EU RoHS Directive restricts the use of certain hazardous substances in products. Microsoft fully complied with RoHS as of its effective date, 1 July 2006.
Microsoft requires its suppliers through our specifications to conduct routine product material testing and to submit declarations of compliance with RoHS and other applicable specifications. Microsoft audits suppliers and manufacturers to evaluate product compliance with our specifications through the use of independent and certified third-party test laboratories. Based on these measures and practices and our supplier's declarations of conformity, Microsoft considers our products compliant with the RoHS Directive and other requirements that restrict hazardous substances in our products.
With respect to packaging, Microsoft designs its hardware and software packaging to reduce environmental impact. This includes compliance with the European Union’s Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste (94/62/EC of 20 December 1994, as amended by 2004/12/EC) and the CEN packaging standards (2005/C 44/13). Through policies, and in close relationship with partners and suppliers, we use a system of specifications, testing, and verification to comply with applicable laws and regulations, including requirements restricting the use of certain hazardous substances, specifying recyclable material content, and restricting the use of certain wood products.