Provision for income taxes

Notes to Financial Statements


Our effective tax rates were approximately 20% and 13% for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and 20% and 21% for the nine months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Our effective tax rate was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to a higher mix of earnings taxed at lower rates in foreign jurisdictions resulting from producing and distributing our products and services through our foreign regional operations centers in Ireland, Singapore, and Puerto Rico, which are subject to lower income tax rates. In addition, there was a settlement of a portion of a U.S. Internal Revenue Service (“I.R.S.”) audit of tax years 2004 to 2006, which reduced our income tax expense for the quarter ended March 31, 2011 by $461 million.

Tax contingencies and other tax liabilities were $7.9 billion and $7.4 billion as of March 31, 2012 and June 30, 2011, respectively, and are included in other long-term liabilities. While we settled a portion of the I.R.S. audit for tax years 2004 to 2006 during the third quarter of fiscal year 2011, we remain under audit for these years. In February 2012, the I.R.S. withdrew its 2011 Revenue Agents Report and reopened the audit phase of the examination. As of March 31, 2012, the primary unresolved issue relates to transfer pricing which could have a significant impact on our financial statements if not resolved favorably. We believe our reserves are adequate. We do not believe it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly increase or decrease within the next 12 months, as we do not believe the remaining open issues will be resolved within the next 12 months. We also continue to be subject to examination by the I.R.S. for tax years 2007 to 2011.

We are subject to income tax in many jurisdictions outside the U.S. Certain jurisdictions remain subject to examination for tax years 1996 to 2010, some of which are currently under audit by local tax authorities. The resolutions of these audits are not expected to be material to our financial statements.