Stock-based compensation expense and related income tax benefits were as follows:
|Year Ended June 30,||2010||2009||2008|
|Total stock-based compensation expense||$||1,891||$||1,708||$||1,479|
|Income tax benefits related to stock-based compensation||$||662||$||598||$||518|
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
We have an employee stock purchase plan for all eligible employees. Shares of our common stock may be purchased by employees at three-month intervals at 90% of the fair market value on the last day of each three-month period. Employees may purchase shares having a value not exceeding 15% of their gross compensation during an offering period. Employees purchased the following shares during the periods presented:
|(Shares in millions)|
|Year Ended June 30,||2010||2009||2008|
|Average price per share||$||23.73||$||20.13||$||26.78|
At June 30, 2010, 64 million shares of our common stock were reserved for future issuance through the employee stock purchase plan.
We have stock plans for directors and for officers, employees, consultants, and advisors. At June 30, 2010, an aggregate of 690 million shares were authorized for future grant under our stock plans, which cover stock options, stock awards, and shared performance stock awards. Awards that expire or are canceled without delivery of shares generally become available for issuance under the plans. We issue new shares to satisfy exercises and vestings of awards granted under all of our stock plans.
Stock awards (“SAs”) are grants that entitle the holder to shares of Microsoft common stock as the award vests. Our SAs generally vest over a five-year period.
Shared performance stock awards (“SPSAs”) are a form of SA in which the number of shares ultimately received depends on our business performance against specified performance targets.
We granted SPSAs for fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008 with performance periods of July 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010, July 1, 2008 through June 30, 2009, and July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008, respectively. In September following the end of each performance period, the number of shares of stock subject to the award is determined by multiplying the target award by a percentage ranging from 0% to 150%. The percentage is based on performance metrics for the performance period, as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors in its sole discretion. An additional number of shares, approximately 12% of the total target SPSAs, are available as additional awards to participants based on individual performance. One-quarter of the shares of stock subject to each award vest following the end of the performance period, and an additional one-quarter of the shares vest on each of the following three anniversaries of the grant date.
In fiscal year 2009, the Compensation Committee approved a new Executive Officer Incentive Plan (“EOIP”) for executive officers of the Company. The EOIP replaced the annual cash bonus opportunity and equity award plans for executive officers. Under the EOIP, the Compensation Committee makes awards of performance-based compensation for specified performance periods. For fiscal years 2010 and 2009, executive officers were eligible to receive annual awards comprised of cash and SAs from an incentive pool equal to a percentage of the Company’s operating income. For fiscal year 2010 it was 0.45% of operating income, and for fiscal year 2009 it was 0.35% of operating income. Following approval of the awards, 20% of the award is payable to the executive officers in cash, and the remaining 80% is converted into an SA for shares of Microsoft common stock. The SA portion of the award vests one-quarter immediately after the award is approved following fiscal year-end, and one-quarter on August 31 of each of the following three years.
We grant awards from the incentive pool to the executive officers in September following the end of the fiscal year based on the officer’s performance during the prior fiscal year period. Each executive officer receives a fixed percentage of the pool ranging between 0% and 150% of a target based on an assessment of the executive officer’s performance during the fiscal year. The number of shares subject to the SA portion of the award is determined by dividing the value of the award by the closing price of Microsoft common stock on August 31 of each year.
The fair value of each award is estimated on the date of grant using the following assumptions:
|Year Ended June 30,||2010||2009||2008|
|Dividend per share (quarterly amounts)||$0.13||$0.11 - $0.13||$0.10 - $0.11|
|Interest rates range||2.1% - 2.9%||1.4% - 3.6%||2.5% - 4.9%|
During fiscal year 2010, the following activity occurred under our existing plans:
|Nonvested balance, beginning of year||191||$||25.69|
|Nonvested balance, end of year||223||$||24.76|
|Shared performance stock awards:|
|Nonvested balance, beginning of year||28||$||26.79|
|Nonvested balance, end of year||30||$||25.32|
As of June 30, 2010, there was $4.2 billion and $482 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to SAs and SPSAs, respectively. These costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.4 years and 2.4 years, respectively.
During fiscal year 2009 and 2008, the following activity occurred under our stock plans:
|(In millions, except fair values)||2009||2008|
|Weighted average grant-date fair value||$||24.95||$||27.83|
|Shared Performance Stock Awards|
|Weighted average grant-date fair value||$||25.93||$||27.82|
In fiscal year 2004, we began granting employees and non-employee directors SAs rather than non-qualified and incentive stock options as part of our equity compensation plans. Since then, stock options issued to employees have been issued primarily in conjunction with business acquisitions. Options granted between 1995 and 2001 generally vest over four and one-half years and expire seven years from the date of grant, while certain options vest either over four and one-half years or over seven and one-half years and expire 10 years from the date of grant. Options granted after 2001 vest over four and one-half years and expire 10 years from the date of grant. We granted one million, one million, and 10 million stock options in conjunction with business acquisitions during fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.
Employee stock options activity was as follows:
|(In millions)||(Years)||(In millions)|
|Balance, July 1, 2009||330||$27.99|
|Balance, June 30, 2010||187||$24.68||1.46||$143|
|Exercisable, June 30, 2010||186||$24.68||1.43||$130|
Options outstanding as of June 30, 2010 include approximately three million options that were granted in conjunction with business acquisitions. While these options are included in the options outstanding balance, they are excluded from the weighted average exercise price. These options have an exercise price range of $0.01 to $150.93 and a weighted average exercise price of $7.49.
During fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008, the following activity occurred under our stock plans:
|Total intrinsic value of stock options exercised||$||365||$||48||$||1,042|
|Total vest-date fair value of stock awards vested||$||1,358||$||1,137||$||955|
|Total vest-date fair value of shared performance stock awards vested||$||227||$||485||$||401|
Cash received from option exercises for fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008, was $1.8 billion, $88 million, and $3.0 billion, respectively. The actual tax benefit realized for the tax deductions from option exercises totaled $126 million, $12 million, and $365 million for fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.
We have a savings plan in the United States that qualifies under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code, and a number of savings plans in international locations. Participating U.S. employees may contribute up to 50% of their salary, but not more than statutory limits. We contribute fifty cents for each dollar a participant contributes in this plan, with a maximum contribution of 3% of a participant’s earnings. Matching contributions for all plans were $275 million, $262 million, and $238 million in fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively, and were expensed as contributed. Matching contributions are invested proportionate to each participant’s voluntary contributions in the investment options provided under the plan. Investment options in the U.S. plan include Microsoft common stock, but neither participant nor our matching contributions are required to be invested in Microsoft common stock.