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Computational knowledge extraction is one of the greatest challenges of e-science today. Virtual mountains of data are mined in every scientific discipline, and that data needs to be effectively captured, stored, managed, translated into usable information, and shared.
Trident is a scientific workflow workbench that is designed to allow scientists to spend their time on science rather than on building the tools to support their science.
Studying animals and their sensitivities and responses to environmental change is critical to the world’s conservation strategies. Microsoft Research Cambridge (UK) has developed innovative technology to study animals and their sensitivities and responses to climate change, pollution and human activity. Microsoft scientists, working in collaboration with scientists at the University of Oxford and the Freie Universitat in Berlin, are deploying the new technology to better understand the behavior of an important British seabird, the Manx Shearwater.
The project team is also considering how the technology can be used to study different sensitive ecosystems around the world, such as rainforests and cloud forests, to provide scientists with a clearer picture and as well as a potential early-warning system of how vulnerable species are responding to changes in environment.
Microsoft Science Computing Initiative All-Hands Meeting
As part of its External Research program, the Microsoft Science Computing Initiative (TCI) held its annual All-Hands Meeting on the Microsoft Redmond, Washington campus on March 6 and March 7. The meeting brought together approximately 100 luminaries from leading universities and research centers to share their unique research insights and findings.
The topics presented at the meeting ranged very broadly across issues associated with multi/many core computing, the generation and visualization of large datasets, innovative application of numerical algorithms, and machine learning.
In each case, a major component that facilitated a breakthrough in insight and learning was the application of Microsoft products and research tools to key areas of science. The ensuing discussions explored the application and importance of industry-standard software that is used with open-source middleware to aid in scientific collaboration, workflow, visualization, high-performance computing, data acquisition, and analysis. The attendees successfully demonstrated the relevance and essential contribution that Microsoft technologies could make in fields as diverse as protein folding, aeronautical engineering, oceanography, astronomy, epidemiology, ecology, and climatology.
Managing our terrestrial resources effectively in the face of climate change is a challenge that is reaching critical mass and needs to be fully explored. In 2003, plants across North America absorbed approximately 30 percent of our fossil fuel emissions from the atmosphere. Younger forests that were cut decades ago are responsible for about half of that. As these forests age, their ability to absorb CO2 is expected to decline. How much decline and how fast that decline might be is unclear since the forests interact with the changing climate.
Carbon-climate scientists focus on these kinds of interactions between climate and the terrestrial biosphere. Over the past year, scientists at Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Germany, University of Tuscia in Italy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and University of California at Berkeley have teamed with computer scientists at the Berkeley Water Center, University of Virginia, and Microsoft Research to produce a worldwide carbon-climate field dataset. This dataset is now being used by more than 200 researchers to produce synthesis results across the field sites as well as integrate with climate models.
The BioMed Central Research Awards (biomedcentral.com)
The 2007 BioMed Central Research Awards will be held in London on March 19, 2008, and is sponsored by Microsoft Research. These awards recognize excellence in research that has been made universally accessible by open access publication in one of BioMed Central's journals. Any physician or scientist who published original research of major significance in 2007 in one of the more than 170 BioMed Central journals will be eligible to be considered for the awards. Two awards of US$5000 will be made—one for biological research, and one for medical research.
The Swiss Experiment (or SwissEx) platform project will bring field measurements together with cyberinfrastructure for an unprecedented field investigation of environmental processes. The challenge is threefold:
Furthermore, this collaboration will explore selected innovative technical challenges that emerge using sensor middleware in the context of e-science, specifically in environmental research and engineering, in order to enhance the currently employed methods. The project will be driven by requirements and feedback from environmental scientists.
Professional Scholarly Publishing (PSP 2008) Annual Conference (pspcentral.org)
Microsoft Rainier Cluster with Windows HPC Server 2008 Proves 30% More Efficient than Previous Benchmark Result
Determining Fundamental Principles of RNA Structure with Comparative Sequence Analysis
Microsoft Helps Climate Scientists Create Database with 800 Million Data Points (infoworld.com)
Office System Developer Conference 2008
Computational Challenges of Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) Request for Proposals 2007
Microsoft Releases AIDS Research Software Tools
Microsoft Joins Tokyo Tech Research Alliance Collaboration to Advance Japan's Science and Engineering Research (titech.ac.jp)
Using Spam Blockers to Target HIV, Too (businessweek.com)
A Revolutionary Idea: Executable Biology
New Solutions for Data Management in Parallel Computing (PDF file, 76 KB)