Training
Certifications
Books
Special Offers
Community




 
XML Pocket Consultant
Author William R. Stanek
Pages 416
Disk N/A
Level All Levels
Published 01/16/2002
ISBN 9780735611832
Price $29.99
To see this book's discounted price, select a reseller below.
 

More Information

About the Book
Table of Contents
Sample Chapter
Index
Related Series
About the Author

Support: Book & CD

Rate this book
Barnes Noble Amazon Quantum Books

 

Index


Symbols
@ (ampersand), attribute references, 269
@* (ampersand asterisk), match any node, 269, 284
* (asterisk)
   child element specification, 53
   optional and repeatable qualifiers, 47
   select any node, 269, 284-85
/ (backslash), path separator, 269
[ ] (brackets), node filters, 269, 287
: (colon) namespace qualifier, 94
, (comma), sequence indicator, 47
$ (dollar sign), variable indicator, 269
// (double backslash), skip level in hierarchy, 269, 285-86
.. (double period), parent of current content, 269
= (equal sign), assigning values to attributes, 15
( ) (parenthesis), group indicator, 47
. (period), current content, 269
| (pipes)
   match selection, 269
   order indicator, 47
+ (plus sign)
   child element specification, 53
   required and repeatable qualifiers, 47
? (question mark)
   child element specification, 53
   optional qualifiers, 47
" (quotation marks)
   acceptable form, 17
   assigning values to attributes, 62-63
   function of, 15
' (single quotation marks), literal string values, 309, 318

A
absolute expressions, XPath, 276-77
acceptable values
   custom types, 173
   expressions for, 175-79
   length of, 182-84
   number of digits, 184-85
   range of, 180-82
   specifying, 173-75
   whitespace characters, 179-80
all
   content declaration, 220
   order indicators, complex types, 208-10
ampersand (@), XPath attribute references, 269
ampersand asterisk (@*), XPath match any node, 269, 284
AND, logical expressions, 339
annotation
   adding documentation to schemas, 120-21
   content declaration, 220
anonymous complex types
   declaring elements for, 189
   defined, 187
anonymous simple types
   derived by restriction, 146-48
   form of, 173
any
   content, complex schemas, 111
   content declaration, 221
   element declaration with, 45-46
   order indicators, complex types, 208-10
ANY keyword, 45-46
anyAttribute, content declaration, 221
appInfo element, 120-21
application development tools, XML-based, 8
arithmetic operators, XPath, 270
ASCII format, DTD files, 38
asterisk symbol (*)
   as optional and repeatable qualifier, 47
   select any node, XPath, 269, 284-85
   specifying number of child elements, 53
Atomic form, simple schemas, 110
ATTLIST, attribute assignment, 57-58
attribute
   content declaration, 221-22
   keyword, 60
attribute groups
   content declaration, 222
   defining and referencing, 215-17
   overview of, 213
attribute node, XPath
   built-in template for, 240
   defined, 263
   working with, 277-80
attributeFormDefault attributes, 126
attributes. See also simple attributes
   applying, 60-62
   defining, 15-16, 59
   elements, adding to, 17
   list of, 59
   names of, 58-59
   target namespaces and, 128
   when to use, 16-17
   xsl:element, list of, 361-63
   xsl:element, setting, 363-66
attributes, declaring
   content models, 220-31
   simple attributes vs. other attributes, 134
   simple types, default and fixed values, 140-41
   simple types, optional values, 141
   simple types, overview, 138-39
   simple types, required and prohibited, 141-42
   simple types, schemas, 138-42
attributes, DTDs, 57-71
   ATTLIST assignment of, 57-58
   attribute keywords and, 60
   CDATA types, defining, 64
   default usage, applying, 60-62
   default usage, defining, 59-60
   enumerated types, defining, 66-67
   name tokens types, restricting attribute values, 64-66
   names, defining, 58-59
   namespaces, 105
   types, applying, 60-62
   types, defining, 59
   unique identifier reference types, IDREF, 68-70
   unique identifier reference types, IDREFS, 70-71
   unique identifier types, defining, 67-68
   values, assigning, 62-63
authoring tools, XML-based, 8
axes, XPath, 270-71

B
backslash (/), XPath path separator, 269
base paths, XSLT and XPath documents, 354-55
base64Binary datatype, 172
based on, complex types
   based on existing type, 190-91
   defined, 187
   restricting to subset of existing type, 191-93
beginning tags
   adding elements with beginning tags to documents, 13
   overview of, 12-13
bg_color, setTableStyle template, 308
binary datatypes, 172
Boolean datatypes, 171
boolean( ) function, 337
Boolean values
   converting and manipulating, 337-39
   false( ) function, 339
   not( ) function, 339
   true( ) function, 339
border_size, setTableStyle template, 308
brackets ([ ]), XPath filtering nodes, 269, 287
branching and control functions, XSLT, 291-305
   choose-when/choose-when-otherwise statements, 294-96
   for-each statements, 296-300
   if statements, 291-94
   templates, calling by name, 303-4
   templates, import statements, 303
   templates, include statements, 300-2
   templates, invoking by mode, 304-5
built-in datatypes, 133
built-in templates, XSLT
   for element and root nodes, 241
   for modes, 241
   other, 242
   for text and attribute nodes, 242

C
cascading stylesheets (CSS), 4, 236
case-sensitivity, 13, 41
CDATA attribute types
   category and description in list, 59
   defining, 64
ceiling( ) function, 345-46
character content, 135-36
character data only, 43-44
character data sections, 19
characters
   declaring as entities, 91-92
   pattern strings and, 344
   reserved, 13, 18
   specifying, 90-91
   string translation and, 336-37
child elements
   specifying number of, 53-54
   understanding/nesting, 11
child nodes, XPath, 274-76
choice indicators
   complex types and, 205-8
   content declaration and, 222
   ENUMERATION attributes and, 66
   qualifying groups of sequences or choices, 55
   regular expressions and, 176-77
   specifying choices within sequences, 51-52
   specifying sets of choices within sequences, 52-53
choose-when/choose-when-otherwise statements, XSLT, 294-96
colon (:), namespace qualifier, 94
comma symbol (,), as sequence order indicator, 47
command line, specification of XSLT global parameters, 314
comment nodes, XPath
   defined, 263
   overview of, 240
   working with, 280-81
comments
   adding to documents, 20
   adding to schemas, 121
   syntax of, 20
complex elements
   anonymous complex type, 189
   mixed content, 196-97
   named complex type, 188
   no content, 200-01
   standard content, 193-95
   text-only content, 197-99
complex types, 187-218
   anonymous complex type, declaring elements, 189
   based on existing complex types, 190-91
   compared with simple types, 187
   complex elements, with mixed content, 195-97
   complex elements, with no content, 200-1
   complex elements, with standard content, 193-95
   complex elements, with text-only content, 197-99
   content declaration, complex content, 224-25
   content declaration, simple content, 223-24
   element indicators, allowing any order of appearance, 208-10
   element indicators, choices of order, 205-8
   element indicators, groups and references, 213-18
   element indicators, list of, 202
   element indicators, occurrence, 210-12
   element indicators, sequences of order, 202-4
   element indicators, types of, 201
   named complex type, declaring elements, 188
   restricting to subset of existing type, 191-93
   schemas and, 110-11
concat( ) function, 328
conflicts, preventing with namespaces, 93-94
contains( ) function, 334
content models, for schema declarations, 219-31
   all declaration, 220
   annotation declaration, 220
   any declaration, 221
   anyAttribute declaration, 221
   attribute declaration, 221-22
   attributeGroup declaration, 222
   choice declaration, 222
   complex type declaration, 223
   complex type declaration, complex content, 224-25
   complex type declaration, simple content, 223-24
   element declaration, 225
   element group declaration, 226
   field declaration, 228
   import declaration, 226
   include declaration, 226-27
   notation declaration, 227
   schema declaration, 228
   selector declaration, 228
   sequence declaration, 229
   simpleType declaration, 229-30
   unique id declaration, 230-31
control functions, XSLT. See branching and control functions, XSLT
CSS (cascading stylesheets), 4, 236
current context node, XPath
   referencing, 272
   referencing siblings relative to, 274
custom types, acceptable values and, 173

D
data integration, XML-based solutions, 8
databases, XML-based solutions, 8
datatypes, 155-85. See also derived datatypes
   binary, 172
   Boolean, 171
   built-in, 133
   date and time, 159-65
   date and time, date datatype, 163-64
   date and time, dateTime subsets, 164-65
   date and time, dateTime values, 161-63
   date and time, duration values, 159-61
   date and time, time datatype, 163
   date and time, time zones, 162
   derived vs. primitive, 142
   numeric datatypes, 165-71
   numeric datatypes, decimal, 165-68
   numeric datatypes, floating-point, 168-71
   numeric datatypes, types of, 165
   restrictions, custom types and, 173
   restrictions, expressions for acceptable values, 175-79
   restrictions, length of values, 182-84
   restrictions, number of digits, 184-85
   restrictions, range of acceptable values, 180-82
   restrictions, specifying acceptable values, 173-75
   restrictions, whitespace characters, 179-80
   for schemas, 111
   string and name datatypes, defining, 156
   string and name datatypes, list of, 157-58
   string and name datatypes, normalizedString, 156
   string and name datatypes, restrictions, 155
   string and name datatypes, token, 156-57
   URI datatypes, 172-73
   XML Schema hierarchy of, 143
   XPath, 269
date datatype, 163-64. See also date and time datatypes
date and time datatypes, 159-65
   date datatype, 163-64
   dateTime subsets, 164-65
   dateTime values, 161-63
   duration values, 159-61
   restrictions, 159
   time datatype, 163
   time zones, 162
dateTime datatypes, 161-63
   declaring, 162-63
   formatting, 161-62
   gYear, gYearMonth, gMonthDay, gMonth, gDay, 164-65
   negative values, 162
   setting time zones, 162
decimal datatypes, 165-68
   defining, 166
   integer derivative, 166-68
decimal format, 341-43
   attributes, 341-42
   default and alternative number formats, 342-43
declarations. See also attributes, declaring; content models; element declaration
   encoding attribute, 22
   specifying, 21-22
   standalone attribute, 22
   version attribute, 22
default and fixed values
   attributes, 59-62
   namespaces, 102-4, 114-15
   simple attributes, 140-41
   simple elements, 136-37
   XSLT global parameters, 313-14
   XSLT parameters, 309-11
   XSLT variables, 320
derived datatypes
   defined, 133
   by list, 148-51
   by list, creating lists, 148-49
   by list, defining list types, 150-51
   by list, use of whitespace, 149-50
   vs. primitive datatypes, 142
   by restriction, 142-48
   by restriction, anonymous custom types, 146-48
   by restriction, elements and attributes with restrictions, 144-45
   by restriction, list of restrictions, 144
   by restriction, named custom types, 145-46
   types of, 142
   by union, 151-53
   by union, creating unions, 151-52
   by union, defining union types, 153
   by union, order of union member types, 152-53
digits, number of, 184-85
DOCTYPE keyword, 29-30
document structure, XML, 9-24
   attributes, adding to elements, 17
   attributes, defining, 15-16
   attributes, when to use, 16-17
   character data sections, 19
   comments, 20
   declarations, encoding attribute, 22
   declarations, specifying, 21-22
   declarations, standalone attribute, 22
   declarations, version attribute, 22
   elements, beginning and end tags, 12-13
   elements, empty, 13-14
   entity references, predefined, 17-18
   naming rules, 9-10
   processing instructions, 21
   tree hierarchy, parent and child elements, 11
   tree hierarchy, root elements, 10, 11
   well-formed, rules for, 23-24
document structure, XSLT and XPath, 351-73
   attributes, setting, 363-66
   attributes, xsl:element, 361-63
   base paths, 354-55
   documents, merging, 351-54
   node sorting, attributes, 366-67
   node sorting, keys, order, and type, 367-70
   node sorting, specifying, 371
   nodes, copying sets, 358-61
   nodes, counting, 371-73
   stylesheets, processing with document( ) function, 356-57
document type definitions. See DTDs (document type definitions)
documentation element, 120-21
documents, XML
   associating with schemas, 116-19
   noNamespaceSchemaLocation attribute, 116-18
   schemaLocation attribute, 118-19
dollar sign ($), XPath variables, 269
double backslash (//), skip level in XPath hierarchy, 269, 285-86
double datatypes, 169-70
double period (..), parent of current content, 269
double-precision numbers, 169
.dtd extension, 38
DTDs (document type definitions)
   attributes in. See attributes, DTDs
   comparing schemas with, 27, 109
   entities. See entities, DTDs
   external, adding nonpublic DTDs to documents, 35-36
   external, adding public DTDs to documents, 34
   external, declaring nonpublic DTDs, 35
   external, declaring public DTDs, 32-34
   external, files, 38-39
   external, resolving errors, 36
   external, types of, 28-29
   internal, adding to documents, 32
   internal, declaring, 29-31
   internal and external, adding to documents, 37-38
   internal and external, combining, 36-37
   namespaces, attributes definitions, 105
   namespaces, element definitions, 104
   notations. See notations, in DTDs
   overview of, 25
   specifying, methods for, 28
   structuring XML documents with, 5-6
   understanding, 27-28
duration datatype, 159-61
   declaring, 160-61
   formatting values, 159-60

E
element declaration
   any, 45-46
   character count and, 134-36
   content models and, 225
   global, 112, 218
   overview of, 41-42
   simple elements vs. other elements, 134
   simple types, default and fixed values, 136-37
   simple types, empty elements, 137-38
   standard content, 42-43
element groups
   defining and referencing, 213-15
   overview of, 213
element indicators
   allowing any order of appearance, 208-10
   global elements, 218
   groups and references, 213-17
   list of, 202
   occurrence, 210-12
   order, choices of, 205-8
   order, sequences of, 202-4
   types of, 201
element node, XPath
   built-in template for, 241
   defined, 263
   overview of, 240
elementFormDefault attribute, 126
elements, 41-56. See also complex elements; simple elements
   adding attributes to, 17
   beginning and end tags, 12-13
   content declaration, 225, 226
   ELEMENT declaration, 41-42
   empty, 13-14
   namespaces, 98
elements, DTDs
   declaring, any content allowed, 45-46
   declaring, character data only, 43-44
   declaring, mixed content, 44-45
   declaring, no content allowed, 46
   declaring, standard content, 42-43
   namespaces, 104
   structuring, child elements, 53-54
   structuring, choice indicators, 51
   structuring, group choices, 51-53
   structuring, order indicators and qualifiers, 47-49, 55-56
   structuring, sequences, 49-50
   types of, 41
elements, schemas
   documentation elements, 120-21
   local and global declarations, 111-12
   target namespaces and, 127-28
empty content, complex schemas, 111
empty elements
   adding to documents, 14
   complex elements, 200-1
   namespaces and, 97
   overview of, 13-14
   simple elements, 137-38
EMPTY keyword, 46
encoded characters, DTDS, 89-92
   character references, declaring as entities, 91-92
   character references, specifying, 90-91
   xml:lang attribute, declaring, 89-90
   xml:lang attribute, specifying language, 89-92
encoding attribute, UTF formats, 22
ending tags, 12-13
entities, DTDs
   character references, declaring as entities, 91-92
   external parameter entities, working with, 88-89
   external parsed general entities, declaring, 80
   external parsed general entities, defining, 81
   external parsed general entities, dos and don'ts, 79-80
   external parsed general entities, file creation for, 80-81
   external unparsed general entities, declaring, 82-83
   external unparsed general entities, embedding, 83-86
   general entities, categories of, 74-75
   general entities, overview of, 73
   illustration of available types, 74
   internal general entities, defining, 79
   internal general entities, dos and don'ts, 78-79
   internal general entities, markup, 77-78
   internal general entities, substitution text, 76-77
   internal parameter entities, working with, 86-88
   notation of, 75-76
   parameter entities, categories of, 74-75
   parameter entities, overview of, 73
ENTITIES attribute type
   category and description in list, 59
   referencing unparsed content, 85-86
ENTITY attribute type
   category and description in list, 59
   referencing unparsed content, 83-85
entity references
   adding to documents, 18
   predefined, 17-18, 74
ENUMERATION attribute type, 59, 66-67
enumerations
   format of, 174-75
   specifying, 175
equal sign (=), assigning values to attributes, 15
errors, resolving, 36
exact number format, 343-45
expression operators, XPath, 269
expressions. See predicate expressions; regular expressions; relative expressions
eXtensible Markup Language. See XML (eXtensible Markup Language)
Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL), 4, 6-7. See also XSL Transformations (XSLT)
external DTDs
   adding combined external and internal DTDs to documents, 37-38
   adding nonpublic DTDs to documents, 35-36
   adding public DTDs to documents, 34
   combining internal and external DTDs, 36-37
   declaring nonpublic DTDs, 35
   declaring public DTDs, 32-34
   files, 38-39
   resolving errors, 36
   types, 28-29
external parameter entities, 88-89
external parsed general entities
   declaring, 80
   defining, 81
   dos and don'ts, 79-80
   file creation, 80-81
external unparsed general entities
   declaring, 82-83
   embedding, 83-86

F
false( ) function, 337-39
field, content declaration, 228
files
   external DTDs, 38-39
   external parsed general entities, 80-81
floating-point datatypes, 168-71
   applying floating-point values, 168-69
   defining, 169-71
   restrictions, 170
floor( ) function, 345-46
for-each statements, 291, 296-300
format-number( ), 341
formats. See also output format, XSLT stylesheets; XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO)
   dateTime datatype values, 161-62
   DTDs, ASCII format, 38
   DTDs, Unicode format, 38
   duration datatype values, 159-60
   enumerations, 174-75
   numbers, decimal format, 341-43
   numbers, exact number format, 343-45
   parser support, UTF formats, 22
   sum( ) function, 347
fractionDigits, 184
functions. See under individual function names

G
gDay, dateTime datatypes, 164-65
general entities
   categories of, 74-75
   overview of, 73
global element declarations
   complex types, 218
   in schemas, 112
global parameters, XSLT, 312-18
   command line specification, 314
   declaring at top level of stylesheet, 312-13
   default values, 313-14, 317
   Java source code, 314-15
   passing to templates, 318
global variables, XSLT, 321-22
gMonth, dateTime datatypes, 164-65
gMonthDay, dateTime datatypes, 164-65
group indicators
   attribute groups, defining and referencing, 215-17
   choices within sequences, 51-52
   element groups, 213-15
   qualifying groups of sequences or choices, 55
   regular expressions and, 176-77
   sets of choices within sequences, 52-53
gYear, dateTime datatypes, 164-65
gYearMonth, dateTime datatypes, 164-65

H
hexBinary datatype, 172
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
   compared with XML, 3-4
   XSLT output formats and, 251-55

I
IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), 89
ID attribute type
   category and description in list, 59
   defining attributes with unique values, 67-68
IDREF attribute type
   category and description in list, 59
   referencing an attribute with a unique value, 68-70
IDREFS attribute type
   category and description in list, 59
   referencing attributes with unique values, 70-71
if statements, 291-94
if-then statements, 291
if-then-else statements, 291
import, content declaration, 226
import statements, 131-32, 303
include, content declaration, 226-27
include statements, 129-31, 300-2
indicators. See choice indicators; group indicators; order indicators
integer-derived datatypes
   categories of, 167
   defining, 166
   list of, 167
internal DTDs
   adding combined external and internal DTDs to documents, 37-38
   adding to documents, 32
   combining internal and external DTDs, 36-37
   declaring, 29-31
internal general entities
   defining, 79
   dos and don'ts, 78-79
   markup, 77-78
   substitution text, 76-77
internal parameter entities, 86-88
International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 89
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), 89
ISO (International Organization for Standardization), 89

J
Java code
   assigning values to variables, 319-20
   global parameters, XSLT, 314-15
   implementing in XSLT, 319

K
keywords, attributes, 60

L
last( ) function, 288
length, of values, 182
list form, simple schemas, 110
lists, derived datatypes
   creating, 148-49
   defining list types, 150-51
   use of whitespace by, 149-50
literal values, regular expressions, 177-78
local element declarations, 111-12
location paths, 264-68, 276-77. See also relative expressions, XPath
logical expressions, 339

M
markup, entities and, 77-78
maxExclusive, range of values, 180
maxInclusive, range of values, 180
maxLength, length of values, 182
maxOccurs
   applications of, 212
   rules for, 210-11
metalanguages, 3
Microsoft XDR-XSD Converter, 110
minExclusive, range of values, 180
minInclusive, range of values, 180
minLength, length of values, 182
minOccurs
   applications of, 212
   rules for, 210
mixed content
   complex elements, 195-97
   complex schemas, 111
   DTD elements, 44-45
mode, invoking XSLT templates by, 304-5
mode attribute, built-in template for, 241
mode values, standalone attribute, 22
multiple schema files
   importing, 131-32
   including, 129-31

N
name token, attribute type, 64-66
named complex type
   declaring elements, 188
   defined, 187
named custom types
   derived by restriction, 145-46
   form of, 173
   restrictions for, 173
names, attribute, 58-59
namespace node, XPath, 240, 263, 282-83
namespace qualifier (:), 94
namespaces, 93-106
   associating URIs with, 99-102
   attribute definitions and, 105
   creating, 96
   declaring, 96-98
   default, 102-04, 114-15
   document structures, accessing, 6-7
   element definitions and, 104
   overview of, 25
   prefixes and, 96-97
   schema components, referencing, 128-29
   specific, 113-14
   understanding, 93-96
   XML Schema, 135
   XML specification, 94
   xmlns attributes, declaring, 105-6
naming rules, 9-10
NMTOKEN attribute type, 59
NMTOKENS attribute type
   category and description in list, 59
   restricting attribute values, 64-66
no content
   complex elements with, 200-1
   DTD elements with, 46
node( ), XPath wildcard operators, 269, 284
nodes, XPath and XSLT
   child nodes, referencing, 274-76
   child nodes, referencing relative to current context, 274
   counting, 371-73
   current context nodes, referencing, 272
   list of, 263
   outputting content of, 260-61
   parent nodes, referencing, 273
   processing conditionally, choose-when/choose-when-otherwise, 294-96
   processing conditionally, if statements, 291-94
   processing multiple, with for-each statements, 296-300
   sets, copying, 358-61
   sorting, attributes, 366-67
   sorting, keys, order, and type, 367-70
   sorting, specifying, 371
   subsets, specifying in stylesheets, 290
   types of, 239-41
node-set datatype, XPath, 269
noNamespaceSchemaLocation attribute, 116-18
nonpublic DTDs
   adding to documents, 35-36
   declaring, 35
   defined, 28
normalizedString datatype, 156
normalize-space( ) function, 327-28
not( ) function, 337-39
notation, content declaration, 227
NOTATION attribute type, 59
notations, in DTDs
   defined and format of, 75-76
   external unparsed general entities, declaring, 82
   function of, 73
number datatype, XPath, 269
numeric datatypes, 165-71
   decimal, 165-68
   floating-point, 168-71
   types of, 165
numeric values
   converting values to numbers, 340-41
   formatting values as numbers, 341-45
   formatting values as numbers, decimal format, 341-43
   formatting values as numbers, exact number format, 343-45
   rounding numbers, 345-46
   summing values, 346-49

O
occurrence indicators
   complex types, 210-12
   regular expressions, 176-77
operators, XPath, 268-71
   arithmetic operators, 270
   axes, 270-71
   node( ), 269
   predicate and wildcard operators, 269
   standard operators, 269
optional attributes, 141
OR, logical expression, 339
order indicators
   complex types, allowing any order of appearance, 208-10
   complex types, any/all, 208-10
   complex types, choices of, 205-8
   complex types, sequences of, 202-4
   elements, 47-49, 55-56
   function of, 47-49
   list of, 47
output element, XSLT
   attributes of, 245-46
   setting attributes, 244-45
output format, XSLT stylesheets, 244-58
   HTML, 251-55
   output element attributes, 244-46
   setting, 257-58
   text or source code, 255-57
   XML or XML-based markup, 246-51

P
parameter entities
   categories of, 74-75
   overview of, 73
parent elements, understanding/nesting, 11
parent node, XPath, 273
parenthesis symbol ( ), as group order indicator, 47
parsers
   function of, 4-5
   UTF formats supported by, 22
patterns
   characters for pattern strings, 344
   specifying for simple types, 179
#PCDATA keyword, 43
period (.), XPath current content, 269
Perl programming language
   compared with XML Schema, 179
   regular expressions in, 175
pipe symbol (|)
   as order indicator, 47
   selecting matches in a series, 269
plus sign (+)
   as required and repeatable qualifier, 47
   in specification of number of child elements, 53
position( ) function, 288
precision numbers, 169
predefined entity references, 13, 18, 74
predicate expressions
   applying, 290
   attribute values, 288-90
   functions, 288
   numeric positions, 287
   overview, 287
predicate operators, XPath, 269
primitive datatypes, 133
processing instruction node, XPath
   defined, 263
   overview of, 240
   working with, 281-82
processing instructions
   adding to documents, 21
   syntax of, 21
processors, XML
   namespace, checking well-formedness and, 94
   schemas and, 109
   validating and nonvalidating, 4-5
processors, XSLT
   character values and, 336
   empty strings and, 311
   invoking from within application programs, 314
   literal string values and, 309
   string conversions and, 324
   Xalan, 315
programming languages
   Java, assigning values to variables, 319-20
   Java, global parameters and, 314-15
   Java, implementing in XSLT, 319
   Perl, comparing with XML Schema, 179
   Perl, regular expressions, 175
   XSLT variables and, 319
prohibited attributes, 141-42
public DTDs
   adding to documents, 34
   declaring, 32-34
   defined, 28
PUBLIC keyword, 32

Q
qualified names, 94-95
qualifiers. See also indicators
   function of, 47-49
   list of, 47
   namespace qualifier (:), 94
   qualifying groups of sequences or choices, 55
   specifying minimum requirements, 56
   specifying number of child elements, 53-54
quality indicators, regular expressions, 177
question mark (?)
   as optional qualifier, 47
   in specification of number of child elements, 53
quotation marks
   acceptable form, 17
   assigning values to attributes, 62-63
   function of, 15
   single quotation marks ('), literal string values, 309, 318

R
range of values, 180-82
recursion, in XSLT, 239, 264-65
reference characters. See characters
regular expressions, 175-79
   group, occurrence, and choice indicators, 176-77
   literal values and single character expressions, 177-79
   quality indicators, 177
   representing series of values, 175-76
relative expressions, XPath, 272
   referencing child nodes, 274-76
   referencing current context node, 272
   referencing parent node, 273
   referencing siblings relative to current node, 274
required attributes, 141-42
restrictions
   acceptable values, expressions and, 175-79
   acceptable values, range of, 180-82
   acceptable values, specifying, 173-75
   custom datatypes, 173
   date and time datatypes, 159
   derived datatypes, applying, 133
   derived datatypes, elements and attributes with, 144-45
   derived datatypes, list of, 144
   floating-point datatypes, 170
   length of values, 182-84
   number of digits, 184-85
   string and name datatypes, 155
   URI datatypes, 172-73
   whitespace characters and, 179-80
result tree fragment, XPath datatypes, 269
root elements
   adding to documents, 11
   understanding, 10
root node, XPath
   built-in template for, 241
   defined, 263
   overview of, 239
root template, XSLT, 258
round( ) function, 345-46

S
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), 244, 247
schema documents
   default namespace, 114-15
   method for creating, 113
   specific namespace, 113-14
schemaLocation attribute, 118-19
schemas, 109-32
   comments, adding, 121
   comparing with DTDs, 27, 109
   components, referencing with namespaces, 128-29
   content declaration, 228
   data structures, defining, 7
   datatypes for, 111
   documentation, 120-21
   documents, default namespace, 114-15
   documents, method for creating, 113
   documents, specific namespace, 113-14
   element declaration, local and global, 111-12
   forms of, simple and complex, 110-11
   multiple files, importing, 131-32
   multiple files, including, 129-31
   overview of, 109-10
   target namespaces, adding attributes to, 128
   target namespaces, adding elements to, 127-28
   target namespaces, overview, 122-27
   XML documents and, 116-19
schemas, complex types. See also complex types
schemas, simple types. See also simple types
segments, qualified names and, 95
selector, content declaration, 228
sequence, content declaration, 229
sequence, order indicators
   complex types and, 202-4
   groups and, 55
   specifying, 49-50
setTableStyle template
   default values for, 309-11
   parameters of, 308
SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language)
   as basis of XML, 3
   compared with HTML, 4
simple attributes, 138-42
   default and fixed values, 140-41
   derived by restriction, 144-45
   optional, 141
   overview, 138-39
   required and prohibited, 141-42
simple content, complex schemas, 111
simple elements
   with character count, 134-36
   default and fixed values, 136-37
   derived by restriction, 144-45
   empty elements, 137-38
simple types, 133-53
   attribute declaration, default and fixed values, 140-41
   attribute declaration, optional, 141
   attribute declaration, overview of, 138-39
   attribute declaration, required and prohibited, 141-42
   compared with complex types, 187
   defined, 110
   element declaration, with character count, 134-36
   element declaration, default and fixed values, 136-37
   element declaration, empty elements, 137-38
   forms of, 110
   patterns, specifying, 179
   values derived by list, creating lists, 148-49
   values derived by list, defining list types, 150-51
   values derived by list, use of whitespace, 149-50
   values derived by restriction, anonymous custom types, 146-48
   values derived by restriction, elements and attributes with restrictions, 144-45
   values derived by restriction, list of restrictions, 144
   values derived by restriction, named custom types, 145-46
   values derived by union, creating unions, 151-52
   values derived by union, defining union types, 153
   values derived by union, order of union member types, 152-53
simpleType, content declaration, 229-30
single character expressions, 177-78
single quotation marks ('), literal string values, 309, 318
single-precision numbers, 169
source code, XSLT output formats, 255-57
standalone attribute
   external files and, 81
   mode values, 22
standard content
   complex elements with, 193-95
   element declaration with, 42-43
Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
   as basis of XML, 3
   compared with HTML, 4
standard operators, XPath, 269
starts-with( ) function, 330, 334
string datatype, 156, 269. See also string and name datatypes
string( ) function, 323. See also strings
string-length( ) function, 330, 334
string and name datatypes, 155-58
   defining, 156
   list of, 157-58
   normalizedString, 156
   restrictions, 155
   token, 156-57
strings, 323-37
   characters, translating, 336-37
   content, examining and manipulating, 329-34
   functions, list of, 329
   length, determining, 334
   space, managing, 325-27
   space, normalizing, 327-28
   strings containing strings, 334
   strings starting with another string, 334-35
   substrings and, 335
   values, converting to, 323-25
   values, merging into single string, 328
stylesheets, CSS, 4, 236
stylesheets, XSLT
   basic structures, 243
   output element attributes, 244-46
   output format, HTML, 251-55
   output format, setting, 257-58
   output format, text or source code, 255-57
   output format, XML or XML-based markup, 246-51
   processing with document( ) function, 356-57
   starting, 243-44
substring( ) function, 335
substring-after( ) function, 331-32, 335
substring-before( ) function, 331, 335
sum( ) function, 346-50
   format of, 347
   steps in applying, 350
SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics), 244, 247
switch-case statements, 291
SYSTEM keyword, 35

T
target namespaces, schemas
   adding attributes, 128
   adding elements, 127-28
   declaring, 123
   overview, 122-27
targetNamespace attribute, 123
templates, XSLT, 239-42
   built-in templates, for element and root nodes, 241
   built-in templates, for modes, 241
   built-in templates, for text and attribute nodes, 242
   built-in templates, other, 242
   calling by name, 303-4
   import statements, 303
   include statements, 300-2
   invoking by mode, 304-5
   node types and, 239-41
   passing global parameters to, 318
   passing parameter values to, 311-12
   rules, creating and applying, 259-60
   rules, outputting node content, 260-61
   rules, root template and, 258
text, XSLT output formats, 255-57
text node, XPath
   built-in template for, 240
   defined, 263
   overview of, 240
   working with, 280
text-only content, 197-99
time datatype, 163. See also date and time datatypes
time zones, 162
token datatype, string and name datatypes, 156-57
totalDigits, 184
Transformation API for XML (TrAX), 314
transformations. See XSL Transformations (XSLT)
translate( ) function, 336-37
TrAX (Transformation API for XML), 314
tree hierarchy, 10-11
   parent and child elements, 11
   root elements, 10, 11
true( ) function, 337-39

U
Unicode characters, 22, 89
Unicode format, DTD files, 38
Unicode Transformation Format (UTF), 22
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
   DTD location and, 32
   namespaces and, 95-96, 99-102
Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), 272
unions
   creating, 151-52
   of datatypes, 133
   defining, 153
   order of union member types, 152-53
   simple schemas, 110
unique identifier
   content declaration, 230-31
   defining attribute types for, 67-68
   IDREF, 68-70
   IDREFS, 70-71
unparsed content, inserting, 81
URI (Uniform Resource Identifier)
   DTD location and, 32
   namespaces and, 95-96, 99-102
URI datatypes, 172-73
URLs (Uniform Resource Locators), 272
UTF (Unicode Transformation Format), 22

V
validity, of DTDs, 27-28
values
   assigning to attributes, 62-63
   default and fixed, 136-37, 140-41
   equals sign and, 15
   numbers, converting to, 340-41
   numbers, formatting as, 341-45
   referencing an attribute with a unique value, 68-70
   referencing attributes with unique values, 70-71
   representing series of, 175-76
   specifying for attributes, 17
   strings, converting to, 323-25
   strings, merging into single string, 328
values, derived by list, 148-51
   creating lists, 148-49
   defining list types, 150-51
   use of whitespace, 149-50
values, derived by restriction, 142-48
   anonymous custom types, 146-48
   elements and attributes with restrictions, 144-45
   list of restrictions, 144
   named custom types, 145-46
values, derived by union, 151-53
   creating unions, 151-52
   defining union types, 153
   order of union member types, 152-53
version attribute, XML declarations, 22

W
W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
   XML and, 3
   XSD and, 109-10
well-formed documents
   DTDs and, 28
   rules for, 23-24
whitespace
   acceptable characters and, 179-80
   lists and, 149-50
   managing nonsignificant, 327
width, setTableStyle template, 308
wildcard operators, XPath, 283-90
   @* (match any node), 269, 284
   * (select any node), 269, 284-85
   // (skip levels in hierarchy), 269, 285-86
   node( ), 269, 284
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
   XML and, 3
   XSD and, 109-10

X
Xalan XSLT processor, 315
XDR (XML Data Reduced) schemas, 109-10
XDR-XSD Converter, 110
XLink (XML Linking Language)
   inserting unparsed content into documents, 81
   object relationships, describing, 6
XML (eXtensible Markup Language), 93-106
   compared with HTML, 3-4
   compared with SGML, 4
   development of, 3
   extensions to, 6-7
   solutions based on, 7-8
   solutions based on, application development, 8
   solutions based on, authoring tools, 8
   solutions based on, databases and data integration, 8
   use of DTDs in, 5-6
   XSLT output formats and, 246-51
XML 1.0 specification, 23
XML Data Reduced (XDR) schemas, 109-10
.xml extension, 4
XML Linking Language (XLink)
   inserting unparsed content into documents, 81
   object relationships, describing, 6
XML Namespace. See namespaces
XML parsers. See parsers
XML Path (XPath)
   absolute expressions, 276-77
   attribute nodes, working with, 277-80
   Boolean values, 337-39
   comment nodes, working with, 280-81
   comparing XPath expressions with URLs, 272
   defined, 235
   function of, 7
   location paths, 264-68
   namespace nodes, 282-83
   nodes, list of, 263
   numeric values. See numeric values
   operators and datatypes, arithmetic operators, 270
   operators and datatypes, axes, 270-71
   operators and datatypes, datatypes, 269
   operators and datatypes, standard operators, 269
   predicates, applying, 290
   predicates, attribute values in, 288-90
   predicates, functions in, 288
   predicates, numeric positions in, 287
   predicates, overview of, 287
   processing instruction nodes, working with, 281-82
   relative expressions, referencing child nodes, 274-76
   relative expressions, referencing current context node, 272
   relative expressions, referencing parent node, 273
   relative expressions, referencing siblings relative to current node, 274
   rounding numbers, 345-46
   string values and. See strings
   summing values, 346-50
   text nodes, working with, 280
   wildcards, selecting any node, 284-85
   wildcards, skipping levels in hierarchy, 285-86
XML Pointer Language (XPointer), 6
XML Schema. See schemas
XML Schema Definition (XSD), 109-10
xml:lang attribute
   declaring, 89-90
   specifying language, 89-92
xmlns attributes, 105-06
XPath. See XML Path (XPath)
XPointer (XML Pointer Language), 6
XSD (XML Schema Definition), 109-10
XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language), 4, 6-7
XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO)
   converting to other document formats, 250
   defined, 235
   XSLT output formats and, 244, 247
XSL Transformations (XSLT), 235-58
   Boolean values, 337-39
   defined, 235
   functions of, 236
   introduction to, 235-39
   matching structures to templates, 239-42
   matching structures to templates, built-in template for element and root nodes, 241
   matching structures to templates, built-in template for modes, 241
   matching structures to templates, built-in template for text and attribute nodes, 242
   matching structures to templates, node types and, 239-41
   matching structures to templates, other built-in templates, 242
   numeric values. See numeric values
   output format, 244-58
   output format, HTML, 251-55
   output format, output element attributes and, 244-46
   output format, setting, 257-58
   output format, text or source code, 255-57
   output format, XML or XML-based markup, 246-51
   rounding numbers, 345-46
   string values and. See strings
   stylesheets, basic structures, 243
   stylesheets, starting, 243-44
   summing values, 346-50
   template rules, 258-60
   template rules, creating and applying, 259-60
   template rules, outputting node content, 260-61
   template rules, root template, 258
XSL Transformations (XSLT), branching and control functions, 291-305
   choose-when/choose-when-otherwise statements, 294-96
   for-each statements, 296-300
   if statements, 291-94
   templates, calling by name, 303-4
   templates, import statements, 303
   templates, include statements, 300-2
   templates, invoking by mode, 304-5
XSL Transformations (XSLT), parameters, 307-22
   default values, 309-11
   defining, 307-9
   global parameters, 312-18
   global parameters, command line specification of, 314
   global parameters, declaring at top level of stylesheet, 312-13
   global parameters, default values, 313-14, 317
   global parameters, Java source code for, 314-15
   global parameters, passing to templates, 318
   referencing, 309
   templates, passing parameter values to, 311-12
XSL Transformations (XSLT), variables
   defining, 318-20
   global variables, 321-22
   referencing, 320-21
xsl:apply-templates element, 311-12
xsl:call-template element, 311-12
xsl:choose, 294-96
xsl:decimal format, 341-42
XSL-FO. See XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO)
xsl:otherwise, 294-96
xsl:param element
   attributes of, 307
   default values, setting, 310-11
xsl:preserve-space element, 325
xsl:strip-space element, 325
XSLT. See XSL Transformations (XSLT)
xsl:variable element, 318
xsl:when, 294-96
xsl:with-param element, 311-12



Last Updated: January 17, 2002
Top of Page