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Programming Microsoft® Windows® with Microsoft Visual Basic® .NET (Core Reference)
Author Charles Petzold
Pages 1344
Disk N/A
Level All Levels
Published 07/31/2002
ISBN 9780735617995
ISBN-10 0-7356-1799-6
Price(USD) $59.99
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About the Book
Table of Contents
Sample Chapter
Index
Companion Content
Related Series
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About the Author

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Index


Send feedback about this index to mspindex@microsoft.com

Symbols and Numbers
+, &, +=, and &= operators for concatenating strings, 10, 1241
14-15 (15-, Jeu de Taquin) puzzle, 463-68, 651

A
about box, 738-41
AboutBox class, 740
AboutBox.vb program, 738-41
AboutDialogBox class, 740
accelerators, 645
AcceptButton property, 733-34, 738, 741, 844
AcceptsReturn property, 844
AcceptsTab property, 844
access modifiers, 20
Acos method, 1230
Action property, 1061, 1062, 1175
Activate method, 207
Activated event, 207
activation, 1086
Activation property, 1086
active form, 206-7
Active property, 877-78
ActiveBorder property, 109, 111
ActiveCaption property, 109, 111
ActiveCaptionText property, 109, 110, 111
ActiveForm property, 206-7
Add method, 347, 439, 529-30, 566, 664, 665, 666, 669, 885, 959, 974, 1056, 1057, 1080, 1081, 1083, 1085
AddArc method, 690, 694
AddBézier method, 694
AddBéziers method, 694
AddClosedCurve method, 696
AddCurve method, 694
AddDirectories method, 1067, 1068
AddEllipse method, 696
AddExtension property, 777
AddHandler statement, 63
AddingConstructors.vb program, 32-34
AddingMethods.vb program, 18-19
AddLine method, 690, 694-96, 701, 930
AddLines method, 694
AddMetafileComment method, 1110
AddPath method, 696-97
AddPie method, 696
AddPolygon method, 696
AddRange method, 566, 571, 664, 885, 890, 959, 1056, 1080, 1081, 1083
AddRectangle method, 696
AddRectangles method, 696
AddString method, 697, 930, 931, 932, 934, 935, 938, 948
AddStrip method, 529, 530, 973
AdjustableArrowCap class, 836
AfterCheck event, 1062
AfterCollapse event, 1061
AfterExpand event, 1061
AfterLabelEdit event, 1062
AfterSelect event, 1061
AgeOfInnocence.vb program, 420-21
AliceBlue property, 106, 107, 108
alignment of text, 403-8
Alignment property, 117, 119, 394, 403-4, 405, 406, 824, 960, 961
AllAboutFont.vb program, 373-74
AllowDrop property, 1170, 1174
AllowedEffect property, 1171, 1172
AllowFullOpen property, 759, 760-61
AllowMargins property, 1028
AllowOrientation property, 1028
AllowPaper property, 1028
AllowPrinter property, 1028
AllowPrintToFile property, 1023, 1024
AllowSelection property, 1023
AllowSomePages property, 1023
alpha channel, 473
Alt property, 210
American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII), 235-36
AnalogClock.vb program, 461-62
Anchor property, 557-61, 562, 564, 840, 883
AnchorStyles enumeration, 558
animation, 521-27
animation programs
   Bounce.vb, 525-27
   DualWink.vb, 523-25
   Wink.vb, 522-23
anti-aliased text, 394-96
AntiAliasedText.vb program, 395-96
anti-aliasing, 174-77
AntiAlias.vb program, 175-76
AntiqueWhite property, 106, 107, 108
AnyColor property, 759
Appearance enumeration, 572-73
Appearance property, 572, 593, 975, 976, 983-84
AppendText method, 1214, 1215
Application class, 55
Apply button, 747-50
Apply event, 748, 759
AppStarting property, 326
AppWorkspace property, 109, 111
ArbitraryCoordinates.vb program, 273-75
arcs, 190-93
   drawn with Bézier splines, 621-24
ArgumentOutOfRangeException exception, 27
Arial fonts, 354
ArrangeStartingPosition property, 131
array sorting and searching, 1252-55
array variables, 14-15
ArrayList class, 346-47, 700
ArrayList object, 347-48, 349, 515, 700
arrays of points, 89-90
Arrow property, 326
art, from Bézier splines, 624-26
Asc function, 1235
ascenders of fonts, 382
Ascent metric, 381-82, 383
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange), 235-36
ASCII control keys, 214-15
ASCII property, 1190-92
AscW function, 1235
Asin method, 1230
Assembly keyword, 884
Assembly.LoadWithPartialName method, 884
Atan method, 1230
Atan2 method, 1230-31
Attributes property, 1208, 1213
Augmentation Research Center, 295
AutoScaleBaseSize property, 584-85, 587
AutoCheck property, 569-70, 592-93
AutoFlush property, 1192
AutomaticDelay property, 878
AutoPopDelay property, 878
auto-scale option for controls
   AuoScaleBaseSize property, 584-85, 587
   introduced, 581-83
   Scale method, 584-87
   Windows Forms Designer and, 583-84
AutoScale property, 582
AutoscaleBaseSize property, 582-83, 584
AutoScaleDemo.vb program, 585-87
auto-scroll approach, 141
AutoScroll property, 141, 142, 145, 146, 149, 954-57, 1074
AutoScrollMargin property, 144, 145
AutoScrollMinSize property, 145, 146, 148, 149
AutoScrollPosition property, 145, 146, 148, 150, 154, 224
AutoSize property, 576, 605, 740-41, 840, 960, 961-62

B
b prefix, 40
BackColor property, 59, 68, 106, 107, 113, 462, 532, 538, 546, 609, 663, 676-77, 756, 757, 954, 1045, 1052, 1083
BackgroundColor property, 784
BackgroundImage property, 954
BarBreak property, 654-55
baseline of fonts, 382, 383-84
BaselineTilt.vb program, 926-28
BaseStream property, 1192, 1194
BASIC (Beginner's All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code), 1
BCD (binary-coded decimal) type, 1219
BeforeCheck event, 1062
BeforeCollapse event, 1061
BeforeExpanded event, 1061
BeforeLabelEdit event, 1062
BeforeSelect event, 1061
BeginContainer method, 268
Beginner's All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC), 1
BeginPath function, 690
BeginPrint event, 1007, 1008
BeginUpdate method, 1059
BetterBlockOut.vb program, 315-17
BetterContextMenu.vb program, 661-63
BetterDialog.vb program, 736-38
BetterFamiliesList.vb program, 387
BetterFontAndColorDialogs.vb program, 762-63
BetterImageFromFile.vb program, 480
BetterPieChart.vb program, 196-97
Bézier, Pierre Etienne, 611
Bézier splines
   arcs with, 621-24
   art, 624-26
   circles with, 621-24
   in clipped text, 942-44
   clock programs, 617-19
   collinear, 619-21
   introduced, 611-12
   mathematical derivation, 626-30
   in practice, 612-16
BézierArt.vb program, 624-26
BézierCircles.vb program, 623-24
BézierClockControl class, 617, 618
BézierClockControl.vb program, 617-18
BézierClock.vb program, 618-19
BézierManual class, 629
BézierManual.vb program, 629-30
BézierSpline method, 630
Bézier.vb program, 614-16
BigEndianUnicode property, 1190-92
bilevel (monochrome) images, 472
Bilinear warp, 712
binary file I/O, 1197-1200
binary resources, 517-21
binary-coded decimal (BCD) type, 1219
BinaryReader class, 1197
BinarySearch method, 1254-55
BinaryWriter class, 1168, 1197
Bitmap class, 471, 472, 510-13, 1071, 1097
bitmap (raster) fonts, 351, 352
Bitmap object, 471, 477, 510-13, 720, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109, 1144, 1145, 1147, 1148, 1151, 1152, 1153, 1159
bitmap (Bmp) property, 474, 475
BitmapButtons.vb program, 550-52
bitmaps. See also images; raster graphics
   buttons with, 549-52
   clipping, 717-21
   converting metafiles to, 1106-8
   defined, 469
   file formats, 472-76
   Hello World with a bitmap, 513-14
   introduced, 469-70
   shadow, 514-17
   support overview, 471-72
bits per pixel (bpp), 472-73
Blend property, 809
BlockFont.vb program, 917-18
BlockOut.vb program, 312-15
Bmp (bitmap) property, 474, 475
Bold property, 371
BoldAndItalicBigger.vb program, 364
BoldAndItalicTighter.vb program, 401-3
BoldAndItalic.vb program, 358-59
Boolean type, 13, 40
BorderStyle enumeration, 531-32, 577
BorderStyle property, 333, 531, 577, 840, 960-61, 974, 975, 1052
Bottom property, 95, 98, 1004
Bounce.vb program, 525-27
BouncingGradientBrushBall.vb program, 813-14
boundary rectangle, 116-19
Bounds property, 98, 333, 675, 676, 681, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1015, 1101, 1102
BoxingTheClient.vb program, 178
bpp (bits per pixel), 472-73
Break property, 654-55
Bricks.vb program, 911-13
BringToFront method, 569, 1041
browser keys, 218
Brush class, 67, 781, 782
Brush object, 67, 107-8, 782
brush programs. See also pen programs
   BlockFont.vb, 917-18
   BouncingGradientBrushBall.vb, 813-14
   Bricks.vb, 911-13
   DropShadow.vb, 914-15
   EmbossedText.vb, 915-17
   GradientText.vb, 913-14
   HatchBrushArray.vb, 785-86
   HatchBrushMenu.vb, 786-89
   HatchBrushRenderingOrigin.vb, 794-95
   HexagonGradientBrush.vb, 821-22
   OverlappingHatchBrushes.vb, 792-94
   RectangleLinearGradientBrush.vb, 805-6
   SquareTile.vb, 818-19
   StarGradientBrush.vb, 812-13
   TextureBrushDemo.vb, 796-800
   TriangleGradientBrush.vb, 810-12
   TriangleTile.vb, 815-18
   TwoPointLinearGradientBrush.vb, 802-3
   TwoTriangleTile.vb, 819-21
Brush property, 825, 826
brushes. See also pens
   Brushes.Black, 68, 170
   gradient, 913-14
   hatch, 782-92, 911-13
      rendering origin, 792-95
   introduced, 67-68, 107-8, 781-82
   linear gradient, 800-809
   path gradient, 810-14
      tiling, 814-22
   solid, 782, 914-18
   for text, 911-18
   texture, 795-800
Brushes class, 67, 782
Brushes.Black, 68, 170
BufferedStream class, 1187, 1188
Button class, 536, 537, 572, 731, 733, 734
Button control, 1042, 1071
   Anchor property, 557-61, 562, 564
   appearance and alignment, 546-49
   with bitmaps, 549-52
   Dock property, 557-58, 561-64
   handlers, 552
   hexadecimal calculator, 587-92
   introduced, 536-40
   keyboard input and, 540-41
   mouse input and, 540-41
   owner-draw, 552-57
   sizing, 542-46, 583
Button object, 537, 542, 545, 565, 748, 1135, 1145
button programs
   BitmapButtons.vb, 550-52
   ButtonStyles.vb, 548-49
   HexCalc.vb, 587-92
   OwnerDrawButtons.vb, 554-57
   SimpleButton.vb, 537-40
   TwoButtonsAnchor.vb, 558-60
   TwoButtonsDock.vb, 562-64
   TwoButtons.vb, 543-46
Button property, 302, 303, 978
ButtonApplyOnClick method, 749
ButtonBase class, 536, 547-48, 549-50, 576
ButtonClick event, 978, 981, 983, 986
ButtonDropDown event, 978, 984
ButtonOnClick method, 539, 540, 545, 546, 586, 592
ButtonOnPaint method, 556, 557
Buttons property, 971, 974
ButtonState enumeration, 553
ButtonStyles.vb program, 548-49
by prefix, 40
ByRef keyword, 15
Byte type, 11, 13, 40
ByVal keyword, 15

C
CalcButton class, 588
calculator program (HexCalc.vb), 587-92
Calendar object, 439-41
CalendarDate class, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 34, 35, 36
CalendarDate object, 23, 25
CalendarDate structure, 16, 17, 18, 19
calendars, 439-41
camel casing, 40
cancel button, 545
Cancel property, 237, 1008, 1009, 1061
CancelButton property, 733-34, 738, 741
CancelEventArgs class, 1008
CanDuplex property, 1000
CanFocus property, 237
canonical splines
   introduced, 630-38
   mathematical derivation, 638-40
CanonicalSegment method, 640
CanonicalSpline method, 640
CanonicalSplineManual.vb program, 639-40
CanonicalSpline.vb program, 631-34
CanRead property, 1182
CanSeek property, 1182
CanUndo property, 852, 861
CanWrite property, 1182
Capacity property, 347
caps (ends), 829-36
caption (title) bar, 51
CaptionHeight property, 103-4
Capture property, 312, 319, 556-57
CaptureLoss.vb program, 318-19
capturing the mouse, 301, 309, 311-12
caret, 238-42
Caret class, 238, 241, 242
Caret object, 245
Caret.vb program, 238-41
Cartesian coordinates, 68-69
Catch blocks, 24-25, 386-87
Ceiling method, 92, 94, 1225-26
CenterColor property, 811
CenterImage.vb program, 489-90
centering text, 116-20
CenterPixelSizeImage.vb program, 490-91
CenterPoint property, 811, 814
ch prefix, 40
Changed event, 753, 754, 901
ChangeExtension method, 1203-4
Char type, 13, 40, 1235-37
character keys, 208
CharacterCasing enumeration, 875
CharacterCasing property, 875
Chars property, 1234, 1238
Check property, 668
CheckAlign property, 572, 593
CheckAndRadioCheck.vb program, 656-59
CheckBox class, 572
CheckBox control, 569-73, 579, 595, 655, 733
   three-state alternative, 573-74
CheckBox object, 744
CheckBoxDemo.vb program, 570-72
CheckBoxOnCheckedChanged method, 574, 575, 578, 581, 595
CheckBoxWithLabel.vb program, 575-76
Checked property, 569-70, 571-72, 573, 581, 592-93, 656, 658, 744, 1062
CheckedChanged event, 569-70, 571, 574, 593
CheckedListBox class, 885
Checker class, 336
CheckerChild class, 457
CheckerChild.vb program, 338-39
CheckerChildWithFocus.vb program, 341-42
Checker.vb program, 334-36
CheckerWithChildrenAndFocus.vb program, 342-43
CheckerWithChildren.vb program, 339-41
CheckerWithKeyboard class, 336
CheckerWithKeyboard.vb program, 336-38
CheckFileExists property, 771, 772
CheckPathExists property, 771
CheckState enumeration, 573-74
CheckState property, 573
CheckStateChanged event, 574
child index, 1041
child menus (submenus), 642
child windows. See controls
children of controls, 301
Chr function, 1235
ChrW function, 1235
CInt function, 1226
circles
   drawn with Bézier splines, 621-24
   parametric equations, 182
classes. See also inside front cover
   AboutBox, 740
   AboutDialogBox, 740
   AdjustableArrowCap, 836
   Application, 55
   ArrayList, 346-47, 700
   BézierClockControl, 617, 618
   BézierManual, 629
   BinaryReader, 1197
   BinaryWriter, 1168, 1197
   Bitmap, 471, 472, 510-13, 1071, 1097
   Brush, 67, 781, 782
   Brushes, 67, 782
   BufferedStream, 1187, 1188
   Button, 536, 537, 572, 731, 733, 734
   ButtonBase, 536, 547-48, 549-50, 576
   CalcButton, 588
   CalendarDate, 20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 34, 35, 36
   CancelEventArgs, 1008
   Caret, 238, 241, 242
   CheckBox, 572
   CheckedListBox, 885
   Checker, 336
   CheckerChild, 457
   CheckerWithKeyboard, 336
   Clipboard, 1134-36
   ClockControl, 457, 459
   Clover, 714
   Color, 105
   ColorDialog, 755, 756-63, 871
   ColorFillDialogBoxWithApply, 747
   ColorPalette, 486
   ColorScrollDialogBox, 753, 754
   ComboBox, 884-85
   CommonDialog, 755
   Console, 7, 9, 43, 60
   ContainerControl, 52, 53, 341, 541
   ContextMenu, 661
   Control. See Control class
   ControlCollection, 564, 565, 566, 568
   ControlPaint, 369, 553, 677
   Cursor, 325-26, 327, 331
   Cursors, 326
   CustomLineCap, 836
   DataFormats, 1149-52, 1155, 1159
   DataGridTextBox, 838
   DataObject, 1165, 1166, 1168, 1169
   DateTime, 861, 1256
   DateTimeFormatInfo, 443
   DaylightTime, 436
   defined, 19
   Directory, 1204-12
   DirectoryInfo, 1204-12
   DirectoryTree, 1065-70
   DirectoryTreeView, 1065, 1067-68, 1070, 1078
   DomainUpDown, 897-98
   DoPage, 260, 261
   DrawOrFillEllipse, 746
   DropDownList, 1011
   EnhancedDate, 34, 36, 37
   Environment, 50, 1200-1202
   EventArgs, 1008
   Exception, 24
   File, 1204-5, 1212-15
   FileDialog, 755
      OpenFileDialog class, 755, 768-76
      SaveFileDialog class, 755, 776-79
   FileInfo, 1204-5, 1212-15
   FileListView, 1088, 1091, 1093
   FileStream
      introduced, 1179-81
      problem with, 1186-87
      properties and methods, 1182-86
   FileSystemInfo, 1207
   FindDialog, 861, 866
   Font, 66, 67, 129, 355, 357, 369, 372, 397
   FontCollection, 391
   FontDialog, 372, 755, 756-63, 871
   FontFamily, 381, 391
   FontMenuForm, 910, 911
   Form, 52, 53, 58, 74, 75, 76, 128, 129, 206-7, 728, 731, 741
   Graphics. See Graphics class
   GraphicsContainer, 268
   GraphicsPath, 688, 689, 691, 694, 702, 708, 930, 931, 941, 944
   GraphicsPathIterator, 698
   GraphicsState, 267-68
   HatchBrush, 781, 782, 783, 908
   HatchStyleMenuItem, 788
   HelloWorld, 80, 81, 82
   HScrollBar, 596
   Icon, 519
   Image, 471, 472, 474, 477, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 507-10, 778, 1096, 1097, 1098, 1099, 1119
   ImageCollection, 529
   ImageFormat, 474, 486, 487, 778
   ImageIO, 777
   ImageList, 528-31, 565
   ImageListCollection, 530
   ImagePanel, 1071, 1074-75
   InheritAndConstruct, 76
   InheritHelloWorld, 80, 81, 82
   InheritTheForm, 75
   InstalledFontCollection, 391
   instances of, 21
   introduced, 38
   KeyEventArgs, 646
   KeyExamine, 232
   LinearGradientBrush, 781, 782
   ListBox, 884-85
   ListControl, 884-85
   MarshalByRefObject, 76
   Math, 181, 624. See also Math class
   Matrix, 286-89, 702, 703, 904, 923
   MemoryStream, 1187, 1188
   Menu, 565, 642-43, 663, 664
   MenuItem, 644, 655, 666, 788, 859, 963-64, 967, 969, 990
   MenuItemCollection, 663-69
   MenuItemColor, 661, 666, 990
   MenuItemEncoding, 859
   MenuItemHelp, 967, 969
   MenuItems, 529
   MessageBox, 45-51
   Metafile, 471, 1071, 1097, 1098, 1099, 1123, 1124
   MetafileHeader, 1099, 1119
   MouseConnect, 327
   MouseEventArgs, 302
   MustInherit, 439, 471, 477, 478, 536, 596, 755, 768, 782, 861, 1187, 1188
   NonInheritable, 162, 486, 768, 1097, 1134, 1204
   NotepadCloneWithFile, 850
   NumericUpDown, 897-98
   Object, 36, 37, 52
   ObjectCollection, 885, 892
   objects as instances of, 21
   OpenFileDialog, 755, 768-76
   PageSettings, 993, 1002-5, 1015
   PageSetupDialog, 1027-31
   PaintEventArgs, 62-63, 64, 69, 153, 154, 162
   Path, 1203
   PathData, 692
   PathGradientBrush, 781, 782, 810, 811
   Pen, 107, 781, 782
   Pens, 163
   PictureBox, 531-34
   PictureBoxPlus, 1075
   PreviewPageInfo, 1032
   PreviewPrintController, 1019-20
   PrintableForm, 178, 258, 361, 479, 909-10
   PrintController, 1018-22
   PrintControllerWithStatusDialog, 1019, 1020
   PrintDialogBox, 1023-27
   PrintDocument, 1006-8, 1018-20, 1022
   PrinterSettings, 163, 993, 994-1002
   PrintEventArgs, 1008
   PrintPageEventArgs, 169, 1008
   PrivateFontCollection, 391, 392
   ProgramWithIcon, 518, 520, 521
   QueryPageSettingsEventArgs, 1008, 1014
   RadioButton, 592, 593
   Registry, 764
   RegistryKey, 764
   ReplaceDialog, 861, 866
   RichTextBox, 838, 876
   SampleClass, 1199-1200
   ScrollableControl, 53, 145-46, 596
   ScrollBar, 596-97
   SelectedIndexCollection, 888
   SelectedObjectCollection, 888
   SevenSegmentDisplay, 452, 454
   SimpleButton, 539, 540
   SimpleControl, 540
   SimpleDialog, 728
   SimpleDialogBox, 728
   SolidBrush, 781, 782
   Splitter, 1040, 1051
   StandardPrintController, 1019, 1020, 1021
   StatusBar, 951, 958
   StatusBarPanel, 951, 959
   Stream, 477, 1187, 1188
   StreamReader, 1188, 1189
   StreamWriter, 1188, 1189, 1257
   String, 1233, 1239
   StringBuilder, 884, 1255-58
   StringCollection, 995
   StringFormat, 403, 412, 417-18
   StringReader, 1188
   StringWriter, 1188, 1257
   StructLayoutAttribute, 232
   structures vs., 86-87
   SuperString, 7-8
   SysInfoList, 144
   SysInfoReflection, 223
   SysInfoReflectionStrings, 1083-84
   SysInfoStrings, 137, 153, 155-60
   SystemBrushes, 111
   SystemColors, 109-10
   SystemEvents, 151, 513
   SystemInformation, 127-28, 155, 1084
   System.IO, 15, 1188
   SystemPens, 110, 164
   TenCentimeterRuler, 258
   TextBox, 837-38
   TextBoxBase, 837-38, 852, 860, 1133
   TextReader, 1188
   TextureBrush, 781, 782, 795, 799, 800, 908
   TextWriter, 1188, 1257
   Thread, 54, 1022
   Timer, 425, 426-29
   TimeZone, 434
   ToolBar, 951
   ToolBarButton, 951, 978
   ToolBarButtonCollection, 971
   ToolTip, 876, 877
   TrackBar, 605
   TreeNode, 1055-59, 1060
   TreeNodeCollection, 1055, 1056, 1057, 1060
   TreeView, 1055, 1056
   Type, 884
   TypeAway, 245
   UpDownBase, 897
   UserControl, 338, 459
   VScrollBar, 596
   WebRequest, 481
   WebResponse, 481
   Wink, 523
Clear method, 64-65, 106, 107, 113-14, 530, 566, 567, 665, 842, 860
ClearMarkers method, 697
ClearSelected method, 888
ClearType fonts, 352, 395, 396
ClearUndo method, 852
Click event
   clipboard programs, 1139, 1142
   control programs, 536, 538, 539, 545, 570, 585, 593
   dialog box programs, 728, 729, 731, 733, 749, 757
   menu programs, 645, 647, 649, 650, 655, 658, 670, 671
   mouse programs, 322, 323, 341
   status bar and toolbar programs, 963, 964, 990
ClickedControl property, 1075
ClickedImage property, 1075
clicks, 298, 322-23
Clicks property, 302, 303
client area, 51, 69, 99-103, 149-53, 268-72
client area coordinates, 103
client area programs
   WhatSizeTransform.vb, 271-72
   WhatSize.vb, 269-70
ClientEllipse.vb program, 189-90
ClientRectangle property, 99, 103, 186-87
ClientSize property, 99-100, 149, 166, 169, 267, 268, 532, 538
Clip property, 174, 326-27, 722
clipboard
   Clipboard class, 1134-36
   data formats, 1145-55
   drag-and-drop facility, 1169-77
   getting objects from, 1136-45
   introduced, 1133
   items and formats, 1134
   setting multiple formats, 1164-69
Clipboard class, 1134-36
clipboard programs
   ClipText.vb, 1137-40
   ClipViewAll.vb, 1159-63
   ClipView.vb, 1155-59
   ImageClip.vb, 1142-45
   ImageDrop.vb, 1175-77
   MetafileClip.vb, 1140-42
   MultiCopy.vb, 1166-69
   NotepadClone.vb, 1172-74
   RichTextPaste.vb, 1153-55
clipboard viewers, 1155-64
ClipBounds property, 722, 723
clipped controls, 538
clipping. See also path and clipping programs; paths
   bitmaps, 717-21
   defined, 685
   with paths, 712-17
   regions and, 685, 721-23
clipping region, 153-55
clipping text, 410-12
ClippingCombinations.vb program, 715-16
ClipRectangle property, 63, 64, 153-54
ClipText.vb program, 942-44, 1137-40
ClipViewAll.vb program, 1159-63
ClipView.vb program, 1155-59
clock programs
   AnalogClock.vb, 461-62
   BézierClockControl.vb, 617-18
   BézierClock.vb, 618-19
   ClockControl.vb, 457-60
   DateAndTimeStatus.vb, 962-63
   DigitalClock.vb, 449-50
   DigitalClockWithDate.vb, 450-52
   SevenSegmentClock.vb, 455-56
   SevenSegmentDisplay.vb, 452-55
   SimpleClock.vb, 447-48
ClockControl class, 457, 459
ClockControl object, 461
ClockControl.vb program, 457-60
clocks
   analog, 457-62
   seven-segment LCD, 452-56
   simple culture-specific, 447-52
Clone method, 510, 511, 707, 1240
CLong function, 1226
Close method, 306, 650, 764-65, 1183, 1193, 1195, 1198, 1199
CloseAllFigures method, 695
closed subpaths, 691
ClosedCurveFillModes.vb program, 636-38
CloseFigure method, 691, 695
CloseInFive.vb program, 428-29
Clover class, 714
Clover.vb program, 713-14
code, managed, 6
coding controls, 541-42
Collapse method, 1064
CollapseAll method, 1064
Collate property, 1000
Collection, 347, 349
Colon method, 454
Color class, 105
Color object, 106, 107, 163, 579, 603, 659, 661, 666, 744, 761
Color property, 663, 742, 744, 750, 751, 757, 759, 782, 825, 826, 990, 1003, 1005
Color structure, 59, 65, 104-6
Color.Black, 170
ColorDepth enumeration, 528-29
ColorDepth property, 528, 529
ColorDialog class, 755, 756-63, 871
ColorDialog object, 761, 762
ColorFillDialogBox object, 746, 747
ColorFillDialogBox.vb program, 742-45
ColorFillDialogBoxWithApply class, 747
ColorFillDialogBoxWithApply object, 750
ColorFillDialogBoxWithApply.vb program, 747-49
ColorFillDialogOnApply event, 750
ColorPalette class, 486
ColorPalette object, 486
ColorPalette property, 486
colors
   defined, 105
   depth, 472-73
   known, 112
   list, inside back cover
   repainting, 113-16
   system, 108-11, 112-13
   user-preference, 109
ColorScrollDialogBox class, 753, 754
ColorScrollDialogBox.vb program, 751-53
ColorScroll.vb program, 600-604
ColorTrackBar.vb program, 607-9
Column property, 1087
ColumnClick event, 1087
Columns property, 1079, 1080, 1085
Combine method, 1203-4
CombineMode enumeration, 715
ComboBox class, 884-85
ComboBox control, 891-97
ComboBoxStyle enumeration, 891-92
command buttons. See Button control
command line. See console
common dialog boxes
   ColorDialog, 755, 756-63
   FontDialog, 755, 756-63
   introduced, 26, 726, 755
   OpenFileDialog, 755, 768-76
   SaveFileDialog class, 755, 776-79
CommonDialog class, 755
Compare method, 871, 1246-47, 1254
CompareOrdinal method, 1246
CompareTo method, 1246, 1253-54
comparing strings, 1243-47
compiler (vbc.exe), 3
compiler switches
   reference (r), 45
   target (t), 43-44
ComposeLine function, 768
ComposeLine method, 1159, 1186
compression techniques for images, 473-74
Concat method, 1242-43
concatenating strings, 10, 1241-43
console, 1-6
console applications vs. Windows applications, 43-44
Console class, 7, 9, 43, 60
console programs
   AddingConstructors.vb, 32-34
   AddingMethods.vb, 18-19
   ConsoleAdder.vb, 9-10
   ConsoleHelloWithImports.vb, 8
   ConsoleHelloWorld.vb, 6-7
   ConsolidatingData.vb, 17-18
   DefiningTheClass.vb, 19-21
   FirstBasicProgram.vb, 2-3, 5
   InheritingTheClass.vb, 34-36
   MinAndMax.vb, 12-13
   PropertiesAndExceptions.vb, 28-30
   SharingMethods.vb, 21-23
ConsoleAdder.vb program, 9-10
ConsoleHelloWithImports.vb program, 8
ConsoleHelloWorld.vb program, 6-7
ConsolidatingData.vb program, 17-18
Const fields, 181
constructors
   BinaryReader, 1197
   BinaryWriter, 1197
   Bitmap, 511-12, 518, 521
   CalendarDate, 31-32
   ContextMenu, 643
   Cursor, 518, 521
   DataObject, 1165
   DateTime, 430, 437, 439-41
   Decimal, 1220
   defined, 31
   DirectoryInfo, 1206
   FileInfo, 1212
   FileStream, 1180, 1181
   Font, 357, 359-60, 364-65, 367, 374, 376, 378, 386, 668, 931
   FontFamily, 378-79, 392
   GraphicsPath, 694
   HatchBrush, 783
   HexCalc, 588
   Icon, 518, 519-21
   introduced, 31-34
   LinearGradientBrush, 802, 804, 806-7
   ListViewItem, 1082
   ListViewItem.ListViewSubItem, 1083
   MainMenu, 643, 650
   Margins, 1004
   Matrix, 286-87, 937, 945
   MenuItem, 644, 650, 653, 669, 671
   Metafile, 1108-9, 1116, 1118-19, 1123, 1125
   NotepadCloneWithRegistry, 850
   PageSettings, 1002-3
   PageSetupDialog, 1027
   PathGradientBrush, 810
   Pen, 164, 823
   Point, 91, 93
   PointF, 93
   PrintDialog, 1023
   PrintDocument, 1006
   PrinterSettings, 994
   Rectangle, 93-94
   RectangleF, 94
   Region, 721
   Size, 91, 93
   SizeF, 93
   SolidBrush, 782
   StreamReader, 1194
   StreamWriter, 1189-90
   String, 1237-38
   StringFormat, 398, 415-16
   SysInfoPanel, 142-43
   TextureBrush, 796
   TimeSpan, 437
   TreeNode, 1060
container of controls, 540
ContainerControl class, 52, 53, 341, 541
Contains method, 97, 567, 665, 885
ContainsFocus property, 237
ContentAlignment enumeration, 547
context (shortcut) menus, 299, 642, 659-63
ContextMenu class, 661
ContextMenu object, 661, 665, 666
ContextMenu property, 644, 661, 666
ContextMenuAdd.vb program, 665-66
ContextMenuDemo.vb program, 659-61
control characters, 225-26
Control class, 112-13, 139, 231, 300-301, 312, 317-18, 323, 326, 338, 538, 564, 566, 579, 584, 596, 951, 954, 959, 1040, 1041
Control object, 206, 565
control points, 612, 616
control programs. See also Notepad clone
   AutoScaleDemo.vb, 585-87
   BitmapButtons.vb, 550-52
   ButtonStyles.vb, 548-49
   CheckBoxDemo.vb, 570-72
   CheckBoxWithLabel.vb, 575-76
   ColorScroll.vb, 600-604
   ColorTrackBar.vb, 607-9
   CustomCheckBox.vb, 579-81
   EnumerateEnumerationCombo.vb, 893-97
   EnumerateEnumeration.vb, 879-84
   EnvironmentBars.vb, 889-90
   HexCalc.vb, 587-92
   MatrixElements.vb, 902-4
   MatrixMethods.vb, 904-8
   OwnerDrawButtons.vb, 554-57
   RadioButtons.vb, 593-95
   SimpleButton.vb, 537-40
   TextBoxDemo.vb, 839-40
   Transform.vb, 899-901
   TwoButtonsAnchor.vb, 558-60
   TwoButtonsDock.vb, 562-64
   TwoButtons.vb, 543-46
Control properties, 98, 99
Control property, 109, 110, 111, 210, 241
ControlCollection class, 564, 565, 566, 568
ControlDark property, 109, 110, 111
ControlDarkDark property, 109, 110, 111
ControlLight property, 109, 110, 111
ControlLightLight property, 109, 110, 111
ControlPaint class, 369, 553, 677
controls
   auto-scale option
      AuoScaleBaseSize property, 584-85, 587
      introduced, 581-83
      Scale method, 584-87
      Windows Forms Designer and, 583-84
   Button. See Button control
   CheckBox, 569-73, 579, 595, 655, 733
      three-state alternative, 573-74
   children of, 301
   as children on forms, 564-67
   clipped, 538
   coding, 541-42
   ComboBox, 891-97
   container of, 540
   defined, 53
   DialogBox. See dialog boxes
   edit. See TextBox control
   GroupBox, 592-95
   HScrollBar, 140, 596
   identifying, 578-81
   introduced, 535-36
   Label, 331-33, 574-77, 578, 603, 740-41
   LinkLabel, 741
   ListBox, 884-91
   ListView. See ListView control
   NumericUpDown, 897-908
   owner draw feature, 163
   Panel, 331, 600, 952, 955-57, 974, 986, 991, 1042, 1043, 1068, 1071
      scrolling, 141-45
   parents of, 301
   PictureBox, 531-34, 740, 741
   RadioButton, 592-95
   ResizeRedraw, 459
   RichTextBox, 238, 394, 838, 876
   ScrollBar, 140, 596-604
   splitter
      examples, 1044-55
      introduced, 1039-44
   StatusBar. See status bars
   tab order, 577-78
   target, 1040, 1044
   TextBox. See TextBox control
   ToolBar. See toolbars
   TrackBar, 604-9
   TreeView. See TreeView control
   up-down, 897-908
   VScrollBar, 140, 596
   z-order, 567-69
Controls property, 564, 565, 568, 571-72, 578, 744
ControlText property, 109, 110, 111
Convert method, 1018
converting strings, 1241
convex hull, 616
coordinate points, 68-70, 87-89
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), 433
coordinates
   arbitrary, 272-75
   arrays of points, 89-90
   Cartesian, 68-69
   client area, 103
   coordinate points, 87-89
   current position, 173, 177
   default, 69
   desktop, 103
   device, 266
   dialog box, 584
   form, 103
   manual conversions, 256-58
   page, 266
   point conversions, 103-4
   screen, 103
   world, 164, 281-82
CoordinateSpace enumeration, 270-71
Copies property, 1000
Copy method, 860, 1214, 1240
copying strings, 1239-41
CopyTo method, 1214, 1240
Cos method, 949-50, 1230
Cosh method, 1231
Count property, 137, 347, 530, 565, 567, 664, 892, 995, 997, 1055, 1080, 1081, 1082, 1088
Courier fonts, 353
Create method, 1207, 1214, 1215
CreateBitmapButton method, 990
CreateChildren method, 342
CreateDirectory method, 1207
CreateGraphics method, 71, 139, 162, 346, 460, 539, 1109
CreateMeasurementGraphics method, 163, 1002
CreateMetafileMemory.vb program, 1114-15
CreateMetafileReload.vb program, 1112-14
CreateMetafile.vb program, 1110-12
CreatePrompt property, 776
CreateSampleFont method, 389
CreateSubdirectory method, 1207
CreateSubKey method, 764-65, 767
CreateText method, 1214, 1215
CreationTime property, 1208, 1213
Cross property, 326
culture-invariant formats, 442
culture-specific formats, 442
current position, 173, 177
Current property, 326-27, 330, 331
CurrentDirectory property, 1202
CurrentEncoding property, 1194-95
CurrentInfo property, 443-44
CurrentTimeZone property, 434
CurrentUser key, 764
cursor
   defined, 238
   movement, keypad, 214
Cursor class, 325-26, 327, 331
Cursor object, 333
Cursor property, 60, 331, 333, 344
Cursors class, 326
curves and parametric equations, 182-85
CustomCheckBox.vb program, 579-81
CustomColors property, 761
CustomEndCap property, 836
CustomLineCap class, 836
CustomStartCap property, 836
Cut method, 860
cx prefix, 40
cy prefix, 40

D
d prefix, 40
DashCap enumeration, 832
DashCap property, 830, 832, 833-34
DashedEllipse.vb program, 191
DashOffset property, 826, 828, 829
DashPattern property, 826, 829
DashStyle enumeration, 826-27, 828-29
DashStyle property, 826, 936
Data property, 1171
data types, 11-15, 39, 40, 1217-18, 1219-22
DataFormats class, 1149-52, 1155, 1159
DataGridTextBox class, 838
DataObject class, 1165, 1166, 1168, 1169
Date property, 431
DateAdd function, 439
DateAndTimeStatus.vb program, 962-63
DatePlus object, 36
dates. See also clocks
   calendars, 439-41
   DateTime structure, 430-32, 434
   local time and universal time, 432-36
   readable renditions, 441-47
   tick count, 436-39
DateSerial function, 432
DateTime class, 861, 1256
DateTime object, 436, 437-47, 441, 442, 456
DateTime property, 460
DateTime structure, 430-32, 434
DateTimeFormatInfo class, 443
Day property, 431
DaylightName property, 435
DaylightTime class, 436
DayOfWeek property, 431
DayOfYear function, 16-17, 18, 19
DayOfYear method, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26
DayOfYear property, 30, 431
Days property, 438
DaysSince1600 property, 36
Deactivate event, 207
dead keys, 234-35
Decimal type, 12, 40, 1217-18, 1219-22
DecimalPlaces property, 898
default button, 545
default printer, 994
Default property, 326, 1190-92
DefaultFont property, 356
DefaultItem property, 654
DefaultPageSettings property, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1006-7, 1013
DefiningTheClass.vb program, 19-21
delegates, 61
Delete method, 1207-8, 1214
Delta property, 302, 303, 436
depth of colors, 472-73
Descartes, René, 68-69
descenders of fonts, 382
Descent metric, 381-82, 383
desktop coordinates, 103
Desktop property, 109, 111
DesktopBounds property, 99, 846-47, 850
DesktopLocation property, 99, 103
detents, 300
device coordinates, 266
device drivers, 994
device independence through text, 249-50
device-independent bitmap (DIB), 475
DEVMODE structure, 1002
DEVNAMES structure, 1002
dialog box coordinates, 584
dialog box programs
   AboutBox.vb, 738-41
   BetterDialog.vb, 736-38
   BetterFontAndColorDialogs.vb, 762-63
   ColorFillDialogBox.vb, 742-45
   ColorFillDialogBoxWithApply.vb, 747-49
   ColorScrollDialogBox.vb, 751-53
   DialogsWithRegistry.vb, 766-68
   DrawOrFillEllipse.vb, 745-47
   DrawOrFillEllipseWithApply.vb, 749-50
   FontAndColorDialogs.vb, 756-58
   HeadDump.vb, 769-71
   ImageIO.vb, 777-79
   ImageOpen.vb, 774-76
   ModelessColorScroll.vb, 754
   SimpleDialog.vb, 726-30
   SimplerDialog.vb, 733
dialog box templates, 584
dialog boxes
   about box, 738-41
   accept and cancel, 733-34
   Apply button, 747-50
   common
      ColorDialog, 755, 756-63
      FontDialog, 755, 756-63
      introduced, 26, 726, 755
      OpenFileDialog, 755, 768-76
      SaveFileDialog class, 755, 776-79
   defining properties, 742-47
   introduced, 725-26
   modal
      first, 726-30
      introduced, 725
      termination, 731-33
   modeless, 725, 751-54
   screen location, 734-38
   system modal, 725
   Windows registry and, 763-68
DialogResult enumeration, 49-50, 729
DialogResult property, 729, 730, 731, 733, 734, 741, 749
DialogsWithRegistry.vb program, 766-68
DIB (device-independent bitmap), 475
DigitalClock.vb program, 449-50
DigitalClockWithDate.vb program, 450-52
Dim keyword, 20
dimensions, metrical, 268-72
DirectCast keyword, 67
directories, working with, 1206-12
DirectoriesAndFiles.vb program, 1068-70
Directory class, 1204-12
Directory property, 1213
DirectoryInfo class, 1204-12
DirectoryInfo object, 1067, 1091
DirectoryName property, 1213
DirectoryTree class, 1065-70
DirectoryTreeView class, 1065, 1067-68, 1070, 1078
DirectoryTreeViewOnAfterSelect event, 1078, 1093
DirectoryTreeView.vb program, 1065-67
dirty bits, 851
disassembler (ildasm.exe), 5
displaying text, 66
DisplayKeyInfo method, 230
DisplayRectangle property, 103
DisplaySettingsChanged event, 151, 513
Dispose method, 139, 162, 241-42, 502, 1110
DivideByZeroException exception, 1219, 1223
Divider property, 974, 975, 976
Dock property, 461, 534, 557-58, 561-64, 953, 955, 1040-43, 1045-46, 1047, 1051, 1085
DockStyle enumeration, 561, 1040-43
Document property, 1023, 1028, 1033
DocumentName property, 167-68, 1006, 1007, 1013-14, 1031, 1033
documents, defining, 1006-8
DoDragDrop method, 1174, 1177
DoIt method, 270, 272
DomainUpDown class, 897-98
DoPage class, 260, 261
DoPage method
   brush and pen programs, 799, 800
   font and text programs, 375, 389, 909, 911, 918, 919, 942
   image and bitmap programs, 490, 491, 505, 509
   metafile programs, 1110, 1112, 1113, 1115
   page-related programs, 262, 272, 274, 292-93
   path and clipping programs, 689, 690-91, 699, 707, 714, 717, 721
   spline programs, 624
   vector graphics programs, 173, 195
dots per inch, 253-54
DotsPerInch.vb program, 254
double clicks, 298, 322-23
Double type, 12, 40, 1217-18, 1222-24
DoubleClick event, 322, 323
DoubleClickSize property, 298
DoubleClickTime property, 298
DpiX property, 253, 255, 256, 266, 367, 489, 503, 511, 1009, 1101-2, 1119
DpiY property, 253, 255, 256, 266, 360, 367, 489, 503, 511, 1009, 1101-2, 1119
DragAction enumeration, 1175
drag-and-drop facility, 1169-77
DragDrop event, 1170-72, 1174, 1177
DragDropEffects enumeration, 1172, 1174
DragEnter event, 1170-72
DragFullWindows property, 150-51
dragging, 298
DragLeave event, 1170-72
DragOver event, 1170-72, 1174, 1177
Draw method, 530-31
draw programs, 470
DrawArc method, 190-91, 193, 1111
DrawBackground method, 677, 681
DrawBall method, 813, 814
DrawBézier method, 613
DrawBéziers method, 613-14, 617, 618, 630, 685, 688
DrawButton method, 553, 556
DrawClosedCurve method, 635-36, 692
DrawCurve method, 630-31, 635, 640
DrawDots method, 460
DrawEllipse method, 184, 189-90, 198, 624, 1111
DrawFocusRectangle method, 553, 557, 677
DrawHourHand method, 460, 617
DrawHouse.vb program, 179
DrawIcon method, 520, 741
DrawIconUnstretched method, 520
DrawImage function, 483
DrawImage method
   clipboard programs, 1159
   dialog box programs, 776
   image and bitmap programs, 471, 478, 479, 487-89, 490, 491, 494, 495-96, 497-98, 499, 501, 514, 515, 516, 523
   metafile programs, 1097, 1099, 1102, 1106, 1111, 1112
   path and clipping programs, 721
   tree view and list view programs, 1071
DrawImageUnscaled method, 487
DrawItem event, 675, 682, 891, 960, 990, 991
DrawItemEventArgs object, 163, 681
DrawItemState enumeration, 676
DrawLargeButton method, 557
DrawLine method, 165, 166, 173, 193, 230, 259, 460, 516, 687, 689, 690, 828
DrawLines method, 178, 179-80, 193, 346, 349, 631, 685, 687, 688, 828, 830, 1123
DrawMenuGlyph enumeration, 677
DrawMenuGlyph method, 677, 678, 681
DrawMinuteHand method, 460, 617
DrawMode enumeration, 890-91
DrawMode property, 890-91
DrawOnImage.vb program, 504-5
DrawOnPixelSizeImage.vb program, 505-7
DrawOrFillEllipse class, 746
DrawOrFillEllipse.vb program, 745-47
DrawOrFillEllipseWithApply.vb program, 749-50
DrawPath method, 690-91, 698, 699, 701, 708, 931, 934, 938, 942
DrawPie method, 193-96
DrawPolygon method, 188, 262, 460, 636, 692
DrawRectangle method, 185-87, 193, 262
DrawRectangles method, 187
DrawSecondHand method, 460
DrawSmallerButton method, 557
DrawString method
   clock, timer, and time programs, 451, 454
   dialog box programs, 741
   font and text programs, 356, 359, 361, 369, 370, 377, 386, 392-94, 396, 397, 398, 401, 403-4, 405, 406, 407, 409, 412, 415, 416, 417, 421, 423, 920, 921, 927, 931, 932, 934, 938
   form-related programs, 66, 67, 68, 70, 73, 102, 108, 113, 116-20, 122-25
   image and bitmap programs, 504, 505, 507
   keyboard programs, 245-46, 247
   menu programs, 681
   metafile programs, 1096
   page-related programs, 270, 277-78
   path and clipping programs, 697
   printing programs, 1038
   system information programs, 128, 131, 133, 148-49, 153
   vector graphics programs, 171, 173
DrawStringDisabled method, 369
DrawText method, 1159
drop-down menus, 642
DropDownArrows property, 987
DropDownList class, 1011
DropDownMenu property, 983, 987, 988, 990
DropDownMenuButton.vb program, 988-91
DropDownStyle property, 891
DroppedDown property, 891, 892
DropShadow.vb program, 914-15
DropShadowWithPath.vb program, 938-39
DualWink.vb program, 523-25
Duplex enumeration, 1000-1001
Duplex property, 1000

E
E constant, 1224
echoing key characters, 242-46
edit control. See TextBox control
Effect property, 1171, 1172, 1174
Elements property, 287
ellipse programs
   ArbitraryCoordinates.vb, 273-75
   DrawOrFillEllipse.vb, 745-47
   DrawOrFillEllipseWithApply.vb, 749-50
   OnePanelWithSplitter.vb, 1044-45
   RadioButtons.vb, 593-95
   SplitThreeAcross.vb, 1047-49
   SplitThreeFrames.vb, 1049-51
   SplitTwoProportional.vb, 1053-55
   TryOneInchEllipse.vb, 255-56
   TwoPanelsWithSplitter.vb, 1045-47
ellipses
   drawing, 188-90
   filled, 198
   parametric equations, 182-84
em dash, 125
Em height metric, 381-82, 383
em size (height, point size) of fonts, 352, 354-55, 364-69, 381-82, 383
EmbossedText.vb program, 915-17
Emf (enhanced metafile format) property, 474, 476
EmfPlusHeaderSize property, 1100
EmfPlusRecordType enumeration, 884, 1122-23
EmfType enumeration, 1124
EM_LINEINDEX message, 861
Empty field, 88
Empty property, 530
EMR structure, 1131
Enabled property, 301, 427, 459, 463, 541, 654, 748, 982
Encoding property, 1192
end points, 612, 616
End property, 436
EndCap property, 829, 833, 836
EndContainer method, 268
EndOfStreamException exception, 1199
EndPath method, 690
EndPrint event, 1007
ends (caps), 829-36
ends of lines, 179-81
EndsWith method, 1244
EndUpdate method, 1059
Engelbart, Douglas C., 295
enhanced metafile format (Emf) property, 474, 476
EnhancedDate class, 34, 36, 37
EnterLeave.vb program, 324-25
Entries property, 486
EnumerateEnumerationCombo.vb program, 893-97
EnumerateEnumeration.vb program, 879-84
EnumerateMetafile method, 1125-26, 1127, 1128
enumerating metafiles, 1125-31
EnumMetafileProc method, 1126, 1127, 1128
EnumMetafile.vb program, 1128-31
Environment class, 50, 1200-1202
EnvironmentBars.vb program, 889-90
Environment.SpecialFolder enumeration, 1201-2
Equals method, 88, 89, 1244
EscapePressed property, 1175
EvenBetterBlockOut.vb program, 320-22
event handlers, 61
EventArgs class, 1008
event-driven input, 60-62
events
   CheckBox, 569-70, 574
   ComboBox, 892-93
   Control, 79, 101, 209, 225, 238, 301-2, 322, 324, 839, 1170-72, 1174-75
   FontDialog, 759
   Form, 207, 236-37, 964
   key-down and key-up, 209-10, 222
   ListBox, 889
   ListView, 1086-93
   MenuItem, 655, 675
   mouse, 300-303, 324-25
   NumericUpDown, 899
   On methods and, 79-83
   PrintDocument, 1007, 1008-14
   RadioButton, 593
   ScrollBar, 597-98
   ScrollEventArgs, 599-600
   Splitter, 1053
   Timer, 426-27
   toolbar, 978-82
   TrackBar, 606
   TreeView, 1060-62
Exception class, 24
exception handling
   introduced, 23-25
   throwing exceptions, 25-27
Exception object, 24
exceptions
   ArgumentOutOfRangeException, 27
   DivideByZeroException, 1219, 1223
   EndOfStreamException, 1199
   FileNotFoundException, 1180
   IOException, 1180
   OverflowException, 1219
Exchangeable image format (Exif) property, 474, 476
ExcludeClip method, 717
exclusive-OR (XOR) drawing, 314-15, 521
Exif (Exchangeable image format) property, 474, 476
Exists method, 1207, 1213
Exists property, 1206, 1212
Exit method, 58, 306
ExitOnX.vb program, 211-12
Exp method, 1227-28
Expand method, 1064
ExpandAll method, 1064
ExpandWildCard method, 1212
ExplorerLike.vb program, 1091-93
Extension property, 1206, 1207, 1213
ExtractAssociatedIcon function, 1090

F
f prefix, 40
face (typeface) name, 352
Families method, 668
Families property, 385, 390, 391, 392
FamiliesList.vb program, 388-90
family of type, 352
figures (subpaths), 691
file and stream programs
   HexDump.vb, 1184-86
   HtmlDump.vb, 1195-96
   StreamWriterDemo.vb, 1193
   WildCardHexDump.vb, 1210-12
File class, 1204-5, 1212-15
FileAccess enumeration, 15, 1181
FileAttributes enumeration, 1208-9
FileDialog class, 755
   OpenFileDialog class, 755, 768-76
   SaveFileDialog class, 755, 776-79
FileInfo class, 1204-5, 1212-15
FileListView class, 1088, 1091, 1093
FileListView.vb program, 1088-90
FileMode enumeration, 15, 1180, 1181
FileName property, 768, 770, 776
FileNames property, 768
FileNotFoundException exception, 1180
files, defined, 1179
files and streams
   binary file I/O, 1197-1200
   Environment class, 1200-1202
   file and path name parsing, 1202-4
   file manipulation and information, 1212-15
   FileStream class
      introduced, 1179-81
      problem with, 1186-87
      properties and methods, 1182-86
   introduced, 1179
   other stream classes, 1187-88
   parallel classes, 1204-5
   reading and writing text, 1188-96
   working with directories, 1206-12
FileShare enumeration, 1181
FileStream class
   introduced, 1179-81
   problem with, 1186-87
   properties and methods, 1182-86
FileStream object, 1114, 1179, 1182, 1184, 1197
FileSystemInfo class, 1207
Fill method, 455, 803
fill mode, 201-4
Fill property, 742, 744, 750
FillClosedCurve method, 636
FillComboBox method, 897
FillEllipse method, 198, 460, 699, 1111
FillMode enumeration, 201, 636
FillMode property, 692
FillModesClassical.vb program, 201-2
FillModesOddity.vb program, 203-4
FillPath method, 698, 699, 708, 721, 931, 938, 942
FillPie method, 198-99
FillPolygon method, 200-201, 455
FillRectangle method, 197-98, 245, 811, 812
FillRectangles method, 198
FillRegion method, 721
FillTextBox method, 883-84, 896
Filter property, 774
FilterIndex property, 774, 778
filters, 772-74
Finally blocks, 25
FindDialog class, 861, 866
FindReplaceDialog.vb program, 861-66
first programs, 2-3, 5-7. See also "Hello, world!" programs
FirstBasicProgram.vb, 2-3 program, 5
FirstMainMenu.vb program, 647-50
FirstNode property, 1063
FixedPitchOnly property, 759
Flags property, 486
FlatStyle enumeration, 548
Flatstyle property, 548
Flatten method, 705, 708
floating-point infinity, 1222-24
floating-point remainders, 1227
Floor method, 1225-26
Flower.vb program, 698-700
Flush method, 1183, 1193, 1198
Focus method, 237
Focused property, 237
Font class, 66, 67, 129, 355, 357, 369, 372, 397
font metrics, 380-84
Font object, 66, 356, 357, 369, 372, 375, 506, 582, 680, 681, 765-66, 986
font programs. See also text programs
   AllAboutFont.vb, 373-74
   BetterFamiliesList.vb, 387
   BetterFontAndColorDialogs.vb, 762-63
   BlockFont.vb, 917-18
   BoldAndItalicBigger.vb, 364
   BoldAndItalic.vb, 358-59
   FamiliesList.vb, 388-90
   FontandColorDialogs.vb, 756-58
   FontMenuForm.vb, 910-11
   FontMenu.vb, 666-69
   FontNames.vb, 361-62
   FontSizes.vb, 362-63
   GetFamiliesList.vb, 390
   HollowFontCenteredPath.vb, 935-36
   HollowFont.vb, 933-35
   HollowFontWidened.vb, 941-42
   HollowFontWidePen.vb, 939-41
   HowdyWorldFullFit.vb, 376-77
   HowdyWorld.vb, 374-76
   InstalledFontsList.vb, 391-92
   NaiveFamiliesList.vb, 385-86
   RotatedFont.vb, 919-20
   TextOnBaseline.vb, 383-84
   TwentyFourPointPrinterFonts.vb, 367-69
   TwentyFourPointScreenFonts.vb, 365-67
Font property
   control programs, 538, 544, 546, 571, 575, 583, 584, 585
   dialog box programs, 756, 757, 758, 767, 770
   font and text programs, 356, 358, 364, 374, 840
   form-related programs, 66-67, 71
   image and bitmap programs, 503-4
   menu programs, 676
   mouse programs, 306
   page-related programs, 249, 253, 260, 265-66
   system information programs, 129
   tree view and list view programs, 1083
   vector graphics programs, 171
FontAndColorDialogs.vb program, 756-58
FontCollection class, 391
FontCollection property, 391-92
FontDialog class, 372, 755, 756-63, 871
FontFamily class, 381, 391
FontFamily object, 357, 378-80, 392
   arrays, 385-90
FontFamily property, 371, 378
FontHeight property, 129, 356
FontMenuForm class, 910, 911
FontMenuForm.vb program, 910-11
FontMenu.vb program, 666-69
FontNames.vb program, 361-62
fonts. See also text
   Arial, 354
   ascenders, 382
   baseline, 382, 383-84
   bitmap (raster), 351, 352
   ClearType, 352, 395, 396
   Courier, 353
   creating by name, 359-64
   default, 356
   defined, 354
   descenders, 382
   design metrics, 380-84
   DrawString method and, 392-94
   font metrics, 380-84
   FontCollection property, 391-92
   FontFamily object, 357, 378-80
      arrays, 385-90
   getting started, 909-11
   height (em size, point size), 352, 354-55, 364-69, 381-82, 383
   Helvetica, 354
   introduced, 66-67, 351-52
   italic, 353
   line spacing, 355, 381-82, 383
   oblique, 353
   OpenType, 352
   outline, 352
   roman (serif), 354
   sans serif, 354
   serif (roman), 354
   stroke (plotter, vector), 351, 352
   Times New Roman, 354, 381-83
   transforms, 919-30
      nonlinear, 944-50
   TrueType, 352, 353
   typographical terminology, 352-54
   units, 369-71
   variations on, 357-59
FontSizes.vb program, 362-63
FontStyle enumeration, 357-58, 578, 579, 581, 931, 933, 986
FontStyle object, 986
FontStyleCheckBox object, 581
ForeColor property, 107, 113, 164, 462, 538, 546, 603, 676-77, 756, 757, 758, 954, 1083
ForegroundColor property, 784
foreign keyboards, 233-37
Form class, 52, 53, 58, 74, 75, 76, 128, 129, 206-7, 728, 731, 741
form coordinates, 103
Form object, 56, 58, 67, 72, 86, 301
Format method, 11, 442, 1252
FormatFlags property, 245, 399
formatting strings, 9-11, 1252
FormBorderStyle enumeration, 59
FormProperties.vb program, 58-60
form-related programs
   FormProperties.vb, 58-60
   FormSize.vb, 100-101
   FourCorners.vb, 118-19
   HelloCenteredAlignment.vb, 119-20
   HelloCenteredMeasured.vb, 121-22
   HelloCenteredRectangle.vb, 123
   HelloWorld.vb, 78-79
   HuckleberryFinn.vb, 124-25
   InheritTheForm.vb, 74-75
   InheritWithConstructor.vb, 75-76
   InheritWithPaint.vb, 76-77
   InstantiateHelloWorld.vb, 81-83
   NewForm.vb, 51-52
   PaintEvent.vb, 64-65
   PaintHello.vb, 70
   PaintTwoForms.vb, 71-72
   RandomClearResizeRedraw.vb, 115-16
   RandomClear.vb, 114
   RunFormBadly.vb, 55-56
   RunFormBetter.vb, 56-57
   ShowFormAndSleep.vb, 54-55
   ShowForm.vb, 53
   TwoForms.vb, 57-58
   TwoPaintHandlers.vb, 73-74
forms
   active, 206-7
   client area, 51, 69, 99-103, 149-53, 268-72
   controls as children of, 564-67
   defined, 51
   inheriting, 74-76
   introduced, 51-53
   multiple, 71-72
   point conversions, 103-4
   presentation area, 127
   properties, 58-60
   running, 55-58
   showing, 53-55
   size, 97-99
FormSize.vb program, 100-101
FormStartPosition enumeration, 735-36
FormStartPosition property, 60
FormWindowState enumeration, 847
fountain (transition between two colors), 800
FourByFours.vb program, 199-200
FourCorners.vb program, 118-19
frame animation, 522
FrameBorderSize property, 149
frames, 1040
FromArgb method, 106, 761, 768
FromFile method, 477, 478, 479, 511, 775-76, 1071, 1074, 1075, 1096, 1097, 1098
FromHbitmap method, 477
FromHdc method, 163, 372
FromHfont method, 372
FromHwnd method, 163
FromImage method, 163, 471, 502-3, 516, 1098
FromLogFont method, 372
FromLTRB method, 95, 333
FromName method, 659
FromPage property, 1001, 1024
FromStream method, 477, 480-81, 482, 511
FromSystemColor method, 111
full-color (true-color) bitmaps, 473
FullFit.vb program, 936-38
FullName property, 1206, 1207, 1212
FullOpen property, 759, 760
FullPath property, 1064-65, 1067
function keys, 213


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Last Updated: August 2, 2002
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