To set, view, change, or remove file and folder permissions


Open Windows Explorer, and then locate the file or folder for which you want to set permissions 


Right-click the file or folder, click Properties, and then click the Security tab.


Do one of the following:

To set permissions for a group or user that does not appear in the Group or user names box, click Add. Type the name of the group or user you want to set permissions for and then click OK.

To change or remove permissions from an existing group or user, click the name of the group or user.


Do one of the following:

To allow or deny a permission, in the Permissions for User or Group box, select the Allow or Deny check box.

To remove the group or user from the Group or user names box, click Remove.


If you are not joined to a domain and want to view the Security tab, see To display the Security tab 


To open Windows Explorer, click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Windows Explorer

In Windows XP Professional, the Everyone group no longer includes Anonymous Logon.

You can set file and folder permissions only on drives formatted to use NTFS 

To change permissions, you must be the owner or have been granted permission to do so by the owner.

Groups or users granted Full Control for a folder can delete files and subfolders within that folder regardless of the permissions protecting the files and subfolders.

If the check boxes under Permissions for user or group are shaded or if the Remove button is unavailable, then the file or folder has inherited permissions from the parent folder. For more information on how inheritance affects files and folders, see Related Topics.

When adding a new user or group, by default, this user or group will have Read & Execute, List Folder Contents, and Read permissions.

Related Topics

Command-line reference A-Z

How inheritance affects file and folder permissions

File and Folder permissions

Set, view, change, or remove special permissions for files and folders

View effective permissions for files and folders

For more information about permissions on other objects, see Permissions 

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