Security identifiers

Security identifiers (SIDs) are numeric values that identify a user or group. For each access control entry (ACE), there exists a SID that identifies the user or group for whom access is allowed, denied, or audited.

Well-known security identifiers (special identities)

Well-known SIDDescription

Anonymous Logon
(S-1-5-7)

A user who has connected to the computer without supplying a user name and password.

Authenticated Users
(S-1-5-11)

Includes all users and computers whose identities have been authenticated. Authenticated Users does not include Guest even if the Guest account has a password.

Batch
(S-1-5-3)

Includes all users who have logged on through a batch queue facility such as task scheduler jobs.

Creator Owner
(S-1-3-0)

A placeholder in an inheritable access control entry (ACE). When the ACE is inherited, the system replaces this SID with the SID for the object's current owner.

Creator Group
(S-1-3-1)

A placeholder in an inheritable ACE. When the ACE is inherited, the system replaces this SID with the SID for the primary group of the object's current owner.

Dialup
(S-1-5-1)

Includes all users who are logged on to the system through a dial-up connection.

Everyone
(S-1-1-0)

On computers running Windows XP Professional, Everyone includes Authenticated Users and Guest. On computers running earlier versions of the operating system, Everyone includes Authenticated Users and Guest plus Anonymous Logon.

For more information, see Differences in default security settings 

Interactive
(S-1-5-4)

Includes all users logging on locally or through a Remote Desktop connection.

Local System
(S-1-5-18)

A service account that is used by the operating system.

Network
(S-1-5-2)

Includes all users who are logged on through a network connection. Access tokens for interactive users do not contain the Network SID.

Self (or Principal Self)
(S-1-5-10)

A placeholder in an ACE on a user, group, or computer object in Active Directory. When you grant permissions to Principal Self, you grant them to the security principal represented by the object. During an access check, the operating system replaces the SID for Principal Self with the SID for the security principal represented by the object.

Service
(S-1-5-6)

A group that includes all security principals that have logged on as a service. Membership is controlled by the operating system.

Terminal Server Users
(S-1-5-13)

Includes all users who have logged on to a Terminal Services server that is in Terminal Services version 4.0 application compatibility mode.

For more information on the Administrators (S-1-5-32-544), Power Users (S-1-5-32-547), Backup operators (S-1-5-32-551), and Users (S-1-5-32-545) groups, see Default security settings

For more information, see Well-Known Security Identifiers at the Microsoft Resource Kits Web site.



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