Backing up files and folders
Backup lets you back up data to a file or to a tape. When you back up data to a file, you have to designate a file name and a location for the file to be saved. Backup files usually have the extension .bkf, but you can change it to any extension. A backup file can be saved to a hard disk, a floppy disk, or to any other removable or nonremovable media on which you can save a file.
When you back up data to a tape, you must have a tape device connected to your computer. Tapes are managed by Removable Storage Although Backup works together with Removable Storage, you might have to use Removable Storage to perform certain maintenance tasks, such as preparing and ejecting tapes.
The following four steps describe a simple backup operation:
Select files, folders, and drives for backup
Backup provides you with a tree view of the drives, files, and folders that are on your computer, which you can use to select the files and folders that you want to back up. You can use this tree view the same way you use Windows Explorer to open drives and folders and select files.
Select storage media or file location for backed-up data
Backup provides two options for selecting storage media:
You can back up your data to a file on a storage device. A storage device can be a hard disk, a Zip disk, or any type of removable or nonremovable media to which you can save a file. This option is always available.
You can back up your data to a tape device. This option is available only if you have a tape device installed on your computer or connected to it. If you back up data to a tape device, the media will be managed by Removable Storage.
Set backup options
Backup provides an Options dialog box, which you can use to customize your backup operations. Using the Options dialog box, you can:
Select the type of backup that you want to do. Backup types include: copy, daily, differential, incremental, and normal
Select whether you want a log file to record your backup actions. If you select this option, you can also select whether you want a complete log file or summary log file.
Select whether you want to back up data that is stored on mounted drives
Designate file types that you want to exclude from a backup operation.
Select whether you want to verify that the data was backed up correctly.
Start the backup
When you start a backup operation, Backup will prompt you for information about the backup job and give you the opportunity to set advanced backup options. After you have provided the information or changed your backup options, Backup will start backing up the files and folders you selected.
If you have scheduled the backup to run unattended, you will still be prompted for information about the backup job. However, after you have provided the information, Backup will not start backing up files; rather, it will add the scheduled backup to the Task Scheduler.