Debug: e (enter)

Enters data into memory at the address you specify.

Syntax

e address [list]

Parameters

address : Required. Specifies the first memory location where you want to enter data.

list : Specifies the data you want to enter into successive bytes of memory.

?: Displays a list of debug subcommands.

Remarks

Windows XP does not use this command. It is accepted only for compatibility with MS-DOS files. 

Specifying valid address entries

Address is a two-part designation, containing either an alphabetic segment register or a four-digit segment address with an offset value. You can omit the segment register or segment address. CS is the default segment for the following debug subcommands: a, g, l, t, u, and w. DS is the default segment for all other subcommands. All numeric values are in hexadecimal format. You must include a colon between the segment name and the offset value. The following are valid addresses:

CS:0100

04BA:0100

Using the address parameter

If you specify a value for address without specifying a value for the optional list parameter, Debug.exe displays the address and its contents, repeats the address on the next line, and waits for your input. At this point, you can do one of the following:

Replace the byte value. To do this, type a new value after the current value. If the value you type is not a valid hexadecimal value or if it contains more than two digits, Debug.exe does not echo the invalid or extra character.

Advance to the next byte. To do this, press the SPACEBAR. To change the value in that byte, type a new value after the current value. If you move beyond an 8-byte boundary when you press the SPACEBAR, Debug.exe starts a new display line and displays the new address at the beginning of the line.

Return to the preceding byte. To do this, press the HYPHEN key. You can press the HYPHEN key repeatedly to move back more than 1 byte. When you press HYPHEN, Debug.exe starts a new line and displays the current address and byte value.

Stop the e subcommand. To do this, press the ENTER key. You can press ENTER at any byte position.

Using the list parameter

If you specify values for the list parameter, the e subcommand sequentially replaces the existing byte values with the values from the list. If an error occurs, no byte values are changed.

List values can be either hexadecimal byte values or strings. You separate values by using a space, a comma, or a tab character. You must enclose strings within single quotation marks (that is, 'string') or double quotation marks (that is, "string").

Assembling mnemonics

For information about assembling mnemonics by using the a (assemble) subcommand, see Related Topics.

Displaying the contents of a portion of memory

For information about displaying the contents of a portion of memory by using the d (dump) subcommand, see Related Topics.

Examples

Type:

ecs:100

Debug.exe displays the contents of the first byte in the following format:

04BA:0100 EB._

To change this value to 41, type 41 at the insertion point, as follows:

04BA:0100 EB.41_

You can type consecutive byte values with one e subcommand. Instead of pressing ENTER after typing the new value, press the SPACEBAR. Debug.exe displays the next value. In this example, if you press the SPACEBAR three times, Debug.exe displays the following values:

04BA:0100 EB.41 10. 00. BC._

To change the hexadecimal value BC to 42, type 42 at the insertion point, as follows:

04BA:0100 EB.41 10. 00. BC.42_

To change the value 10 to 6F, press the HYPHEN key twice to return to address 0101 (value 10). Debug.exe displays the following:

04BA:0100 EB.41 10. 00. BC.42- 
04BA:0102 00.- 
04BA:0101 10._ 

Type 6F at the insertion point to change the value, as follows:

04BA:0101 10.6F_

Press ENTER to stop the e subcommand and return to the debug prompt.

The following is an example of a string entry:

eds:100 "This is the text example"

This string fills 24 bytes, starting at DS:100.

Formatting legend

FormatMeaning

Italic

Information that the user must supply

Bold

Elements that the user must type exactly as shown

Ellipsis (...)

Parameter that can be repeated several times in a command line

Between brackets ([])

Optional items

Between braces ({}); choices separated by pipe (|). Example: {even|odd}

Set of choices from which the user must choose only one

Courier font

Code or program output

Debug subcommands

Debug: a (assemble)

Debug: d (dump)

Command-line reference A-Z



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