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Win32/Antinny


Win32/Antinny is a family of worms that targets certain versions of Microsoft Windows. The worm spreads using a Japanese peer-to-peer file-sharing application named Winny. The worm creates a copy of itself with a deceptive file name in the Winny upload folder so that it can be downloaded by other Winny users.
 
http://www.microsoft.com/japan/security/encyclopedia/Antinny.mspx


What to do now

Recovering from recurring infections on a network
The following additional steps may need to be taken to completely remove this threat from an infected network, and to stop infections from recurring from this and other similar types of network-spreading malware:
 
  1. Ensure that an antivirus product is installed on ALL computers connected to the network that can access or host shares.
  2. Ensure that all available network shares are scanned with an up-to-date antivirus product.
  3. Restrict permissions as appropriate for network shares on your network. For more information on simple access control, please see: http://technet.microsoft.com/library/bb456977.aspx.
  4. Remove any unnecessary network shares or mapped drives.
 
Note: Additionally it may be necessary to temporarily change the permission on network shares to read-only until the disinfection process is complete.
Recovery instructions
To detect and remove this threat and other malicious software that may be installed in your computer, run a full-system scan with an up-to-date antivirus product such as the following:
 
 
For more information on antivirus software, see http://www.microsoft.com/windows/antivirus-partners/.

Threat behavior

http://www.microsoft.com/japan/security/encyclopedia/Antinny.mspx
 
Win32/Antinny may take the following actions:
  • Copy itself with a fabricated name and .exe extension in the following locations:
    • A subfolder of the Program Files folder.
    • The %temp% folder.
    • A folder named Up that the worm creates in the Winny folder for file uploads (from which files can be downloaded by other users).
  • Add a value to registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    This causes the worm to run each time Windows starts.
  • Create a text file in %temp% that has a .txt or .mp3 extension.
  • Drop three legitimate .dll files in the system folder: unlha32.dll, zip32.dll, and zip32j.dll. These are non-malicious files that the worm can use to create an archive of itself.
  • Place the following files with fabricated names in the Winny Up folder:
    • A non-malicious .jpg file.
    • An archive of the worm with an .lzh extension.
    • An archive of the worm with an .exe extension.
  • Play a video or display a graphic or fake error message in Japanese.
  • Install itself as a service that starts automatically each time Windows starts.

Symptoms

Win32/Antinny may display a dialog box with a fake error message in Japanese that resembles this message:
 
 
It can also display a graphic such as the following image:
 
 
The worm may create a text file in %temp% that begins with the following text:
 
"   ----------------------------------------------------------------
    Trillian v0.74E
    September, 2003
    http://www.ceruleanstudios.com
  
    RELEASE NOTES
    ----------------------------------------------------------------
    Thanks for downloading Trillian!"
 
The worm can also display a video.

Prevention

Take the following steps to help prevent infection on your computer:
  • Enable a firewall on your computer.
  • Get the latest computer updates for all your installed software.
  • Use up-to-date antivirus software.
  • Limit user privileges on the computer.
  • Use caution when opening attachments and accepting file transfers.
  • Use caution when clicking on links to Web pages.
  • Avoid downloading pirated software.
  • Protect yourself against social engineering attacks.
  • Use strong passwords.
Enable a firewall on your computer
Use a third-party firewall product or turn on the Microsoft Windows Internet Connection Firewall.
Get the latest computer updates
Updates help protect your computer from viruses, worms, and other threats as they are discovered. It is important to install updates for all the software that is installed in your computer. These are usually available from vendor Web sites.
 
You can use the Automatic Updates feature in Windows to automatically download future Microsoft security updates while your computer is on and connected to the Internet.
Use up-to-date antivirus software
Most antivirus software can detect and prevent infection by known malicious software. To help protect you from infection, you should always run antivirus software, such as Microsoft Security Essentials, that is updated with the latest signature files. For more information, see http://www.microsoft.com/security/antivirus/av.aspx.
Limit user privileges on the computer
Starting with Windows Vista and Windows 7, Microsoft introduced User Account Control (UAC), which, when enabled, allowed users to run with least user privileges. This scenario limits the possibility of attacks by malware and other threats that require administrative privileges to run.
 
You can configure UAC in your computer to meet your preferences:
Use caution when opening attachments and accepting file transfers
Exercise caution with e-mail and attachments received from unknown sources, or received unexpectedly from known sources.  Use extreme caution when accepting file transfers from known or unknown sources.
Use caution when clicking on links to Web pages
Exercise caution with links to Web pages that you receive from unknown sources, especially if the links are to a Web page that you are not familiar with, unsure of the destination of, or suspicious of. Malicious software may be installed in your computer simply by visiting a Web page with harmful content.
Avoid downloading pirated software
Threats may also be bundled with software and files that are available for download on various torrent sites. Downloading "cracked" or "pirated" software from these sites carries not only the risk of being infected with malware, but is also illegal. For more information, see 'The risks of obtaining and using pirated software'.
Protect yourself from social engineering attacks
While attackers may attempt to exploit vulnerabilities in hardware or software to compromise a computer, they also attempt to exploit vulnerabilities in human behavior to do the same. When an attacker attempts to take advantage of human behavior to persuade the affected user to perform an action of the attacker's choice, it is known as 'social engineering'. Essentially, social engineering is an attack against the human interface of the targeted computer. For more information, see 'What is social engineering?'.
Use strong passwords
Attackers may try to gain access to your Windows account by guessing your password. It is therefore important that you use a strong password – one that cannot be easily guessed by an attacker. A strong password is one that has at least 8 characters, and combines letters, numbers, and symbols. For more information, see http://www.microsoft.com/protect/yourself/password/create.mspx.

Alert level: High
This entry was first published on: Sep 30, 2005
This entry was updated on: Apr 17, 2011

This threat is also detected as:
  • W32.HLLW.Antinny (Symantec)
  • W32/Antinny.worm (McAfee)
  • WORM_ANTINNY.A (Trend Micro)