If you want to upgrade to Windows 10 on your PC or tablet, here's the minimum hardware you'll need. Read further below to learn about the additional factors that impact upgradeability.
Make sure you are running the latest version of either Windows 7 SP1 or Windows 8.1 Update.
|Processor:||1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster processor or SoC|
|RAM:||1 gigabyte (GB) for 32-bit or 2 GB for 64-bit|
|Hard disk space:||16 GB for 32-bit OS 20 GB for 64-bit OS|
|Graphics card:||DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver|
- Windows 10 Home users will receive updates from Windows Update automatically when it's available. Windows 10 Pro and Windows 10 Enterprise users will have the ability to postpone updates. The amount of time that Windows 10 Pro users can postpone updates is limited.
- Small storage devices, like devices with 32GB hard drives or older devices with full hard drives, may need additional storage to complete the upgrade. You'll see instructions telling you what to do during the upgrade. You may need either to remove unneeded files from your device or insert a USB flash drive to complete the upgrade.
- Some devices with either little free space available or smaller hard drives, like 32 GB storage PCs, may have little free space available after upgrading. You may free up disk space and easily delete files, like temporary files or your previous version of Windows, within the Storage system setting. Files for the previous version of Windows give you the option to remove Windows 10 and go back to your previous version of Windows. These files are automatically deleted 10 days after you upgrade. You can delete them now to free up space.
- An internet connection is required to perform the upgrade. Windows 10 is a large file -- about 3 GB -- and Internet access (ISP) fees might apply.
- To check for device compatibility and other important installation information, visit your device manufacturer’s website. Manufacturer contact information can be found on the Contact Information page.
- The upgradeability of a device includes factors beyond the system specification. This includes driver and firmware support, application compatibility, and feature support, regardless of whether or not the device meets the minimum system specification for Windows 10.
- Support may vary by device. Find more information on the Windows Lifecycle page.
- If your PC or tablet is currently running Windows 7 SP1 or Windows 8.1 Update, you can check to see if it meets the requirements by using 'Check my PC' in the Get Windows 10 app. To open the Get Windows 10 app, click on the small Windows icon found at the right end of the taskbar. If you don’t see it, visit our Windows 10 Q&A page for more info.
- Many applications, files and settings will migrate as part of the upgrade. However, some applications or settings may not migrate.
- For anti-malware applications, Windows will check to see if your anti-malware subscription is current (not expired) and compatible during the upgrade.
- If the anti-malware application is compatible and current, your application will be preserved during the upgrade to Windows 10.
- If the anti-malware application is incompatible, Windows will uninstall your application while preserving your settings. After the upgrade is complete, if your anti-malware provider has informed Microsoft that it has made a compatible version available for your active subscription, Windows will notify you to install the latest available version with the settings that were set prior to upgrade.
- If your anti-malware subscription is not current (expired), Windows will uninstall your application and enable Windows Defender.
- Some applications that came from your OEM may be removed prior to upgrade.
- For certain third party applications, the "Get Windows 10" app will scan for application compatibility. If there is a known issue that will prevent the upgrade, you will be notified of the list of applications with known issues. You can choose to accept and the applications will be removed from the system prior to upgrade. Please make sure that you copy the list before you accept the removal of the application.
- Microsoft Family Safety child users with local accounts (accounts tied to the machine) will not have their safety settings migrated to Windows 10 during the upgrade. This means that after the upgrade to Windows 10 is complete, parents would need to setup safety settings for the child user along with a Microsoft account if they do not have one. To find out more about the changes, visit the FAQ page.
- Some apps and content sold separately. Feature and app availability and experience may vary by device and market.
- The Reader app will be removed from Windows 10 starting with the Fall Creators Update (Windows 10, version 1709). For reading PDF files, Microsoft Edge is the recommended replacement app and offers similar functionality as well as additional features including improved accessibility support, improved Inking, and support for AskCortana. Similarly, Windows XPS Viewer is recommended when reading XPS files and the Windows Photos app for viewing TIFF files. Note that users of earlier Windows 10 versions can continue using the Reader app.
- If you have Windows 7 Home Premium, Windows 7 Professional, Windows 7 Ultimate, Windows 8 Pro with Media Center, or Windows 8.1 Pro with Media Center and you install Windows 10, Windows Media Center will be removed. For a limited time (the "eligible period"), on systems upgraded to Windows 10 from one of these older versions of Windows (a "qualified system"), a DVD playback app ("Windows DVD Player") will be installed. Note: the Windows DVD Player may not be installed immediately; it will be installed after the first successful Windows Update. The Windows DVD Player will be available for purchase from the Microsoft Store for systems that (i) are qualified systems but the eligible period has lapsed; (ii) are non-qualified systems; or (iii) were qualified systems but Windows 10 was subsequently clean installed (in this case, Windows Update cannot detect that it was previously a qualified system).
- Windows Journal will be removed when the Windows 10 Anniversary Update (Windows 10, version 1607) is installed. After Windows Journal is removed, you will no longer be able to open or edit Journal files (with .JNT or .JTP extensions). We encourage you to switch to OneNote to replace Windows Journal. If you need to open or edit your journal files, more information is available here.
- Windows Media Digital Rights Management (WMDRM) will no longer be supported after the Windows 10 Anniversary Update (Windows 10, version 1607) is installed. After installing this update, you will no longer be able to play music or video files that were protected by this rights management technology. Click here to learn more.
- MDM functionality will not be available in Windows 10 Home edition when Windows 10 is released.
- Windows 7 desktop gadgets will be removed as part of installing Windows 10.
- The Solitaire, Minesweeper and Hearts games that come pre-installed on Windows 7 will be removed as part of installing the Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft has released our version of Solitaire and Minesweeper called the "Microsoft Solitaire Collection" and "Microsoft Minesweeper".
- If you have a floppy drive, you will need to download the latest driver from Windows Update or from the manufacturer’s website.
- If you have Windows Live Essentials installed on your system, the OneDrive application is removed and replaced with the inbox version of OneDrive.
- OneDrive does not support placeholder files in Windows 10. Windows 8.1 displayed placeholders for files available in OneDrive but not locally on the device. In Windows 10, users can choose which folders to sync from OneDrive settings.
- Snap is limited to two apps in Tablet Mode.
- HomeGroup is removed starting with the April 2018 Update, but you still have the ability to share printers, files and folders. When you update to the April 2018 Update from an earlier version of Windows 10, you won’t see HomeGroup in File Explorer, the Control Panel, or Troubleshoot (Settings > Update & Security > Troubleshoot). Any printers, files and folders you shared using HomeGroup will continue to be shared. Instead of using HomeGroup, you can now share printers, files and folders by using features that are built into Windows 10:
- Share your network printers
- Share files in File Explorer
- For Xbox 360 and HomeGroup users, please see more information on streaming media
- In Windows 10, the People app shows mail from Office 365 contacts and contacts from your school or work organisation under Conversations. Starting with the April 2018 Update, in order to see new mail in the People app from these specific contacts, you need to be online, and you need to have signed in with either an Office 365 account or, for work or school organisation accounts, through the Mail, People, or Calendar apps. Please be aware that you’ll only see mail for work and school organisation accounts and some Office 365 accounts.
- With the April 2018 Update, we announced that Phone Companion was no longer being developed. As of the October 2018 Update, Phone Companion is removed from your PC. Use the Phone page in the Settings app to sync your mobile phone with your PC. It includes all the Phone Companion features.
- Cortana is only currently available on Windows 10 for the United States, United Kingdom, China, France, Italy, Germany, Brazil, Mexico, Japan, Canada, Spain, Australia and India.
- Speech recognition will vary by device microphone. For a better speech experience, you will need a:
- High fidelity microphone array
- Hardware driver with microphone array geometry exposed
- Windows Hello requires specialised illuminated infrared camera for facial recognition or a fingerprint reader which supports the Windows Biometric Framework. Windows Hello with an Intel® RealSense™ (F200) camera requires a software update to work on Windows 8.1 devices after upgrading to Windows 10. This update is expected to be available soon.
- Continuum is available on all Windows 10 desktop editions by manually turning "tablet mode" on and off in the Action Centre. It will be possible to configure tablets and 2-in-1s with GPIO indicators or those that have a laptop and slate indicator to enter "tablet mode" automatically.
- At launch, Continuum for phones will be limited to selected premium phones. External monitor must support HDMI input. Continuum-compatible accessories sold separately. App availability and experience vary by device and market. Office 365 subscription required for some features.
- Music and video streaming through Groove Music (formerly Xbox Music) or Films & TV apps is not available in all regions. For the most up-to-date list of regions, please go to the Xbox on Windows website.
- Xbox app requires an Xbox Live account, which is not available in all regions. For the most up-to-date list of regions, please go to Xbox Live Countries and Regions website.
- Two factor authentication requires the use of a PIN, Biometric (fingerprint reader or illuminated infrared camera) or a phone with Wi-Fi or Bluetooth capabilities.
- The number of applications that can be snapped will depend upon the minimum resolution for the application.
- To use touch, you need a tablet or a monitor that supports multi-touch.
- Microsoft account required for some features.
- Secure boot requires firmware that supports UEFI v2.3.1 Errata B and has the Microsoft Windows Certification Authority in the UEFI signature database.
- Some IT administrators may enable Secure Logon (Ctrl + Alt + Del) before bringing you to the log in screen. On tablets without a keyboard, a tablet with the Windows button may be required, as the key combination on a tablet is Windows button + Power button.
- Some games and programs might require a graphics card compatible with DirectX 10 or higher for optimal performance.
- BitLocker To Go requires a USB flash drive (Windows 10 Pro only).
- BitLocker requires either Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 1.2, TPM 2.0 or a USB flash drive (Windows 10 Pro and Windows 10 Enterprise only).
- Client Hyper-V requires a 64-bit system with second level address translation (SLAT) capabilities and additional 2 GB of RAM (Windows 10 Pro and Windows 10 Enterprise only).
- Miracast requires a display adaptor which supports Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) 1.3, and a Wi-Fi adaptor that supports Wi-Fi Direct.
- Wi-Fi Direct Printing requires a Wi-Fi adaptor that supports Wi-Fi Direct and a device that supports Wi-Fi Direct Printing.
- To install a 64-bit OS on a 64-bit PC, your processor needs to support CMPXCHG16b, PrefetchW, and LAHF/SAHF.
- InstantGo works only with computers designed for Connected Standby.
- Device encryption requires a PC with InstantGo and TPM 2.0.
- Skype available only in select countries and regions. Calling to select countries and regions only. Excludes special, premium and non-geographic numbers. For details, visit the Office FAQ page.
Arabic (Saudi Arabia), Bulgarian (Bulgaria), Chinese (Simplified, China), Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Traditional, Taiwan), Croatian (Croatia), Czech (Czech Republic), Danish (Denmark), Dutch (Netherlands), English (United Kingdom), English (United States), Estonian (Estonia), Finnish (Finland), French (France), French (Canada), German (Germany), Greek (Greece), Hebrew (Israel), Hungarian (Hungary), Italian (Italy), Japanese (Japan), Korean (Korea), Latvian (Latvia), Lithuanian (Lithuania), Norwegian, Bokmål (Norway), Polish (Poland), Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romanian (Romania), Russian (Russia), Serbian (Latin, Serbia), Slovak (Slovakia), Slovenian (Slovenia), Spanish (Spain, International Sort), Spanish (Mexico), Swedish (Sweden), Thai (Thailand), Turkish (Turkey), Ukrainian (Ukraine)
Additional languages available as Language Interface Packs
We’ll keep you on like-for-like editions of Windows. For instance, if you are using Windows 7 Home Premium, you’ll upgrade to Windows 10 Home.
|Upgrading from||Recommended upgrade|
Windows 7 Starter
Windows 7 Home Basic
Windows 7 Home Premium
Windows 8.1 Home Basic
|Windows 10 Home|
Windows 7 Professional (Pro)
Windows 7 Ultimate
Windows 8.1 Professional (Pro)
Windows 8.1 Professional for Education (Students/Pro)
|Windows 10 Professional (Pro)|