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  • Published:
    8 June 2014
  • Languages:
    English, Chinese (Simplified), French, German, Japanese, Portuguese (Brazil)
  • Audiences:
    IT professionals
  • Technology:
    Visual Studio 2015
  • Credit towards certification:

Delivering Continuous Value with Visual Studio Application Lifecycle Management

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Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area in the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area in the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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Define an effective end-to-end Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) (15‒20%)
  • Understand the value of an end-to-end view of Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) tools and practices
    • Understand that an observable problem may be indicative of a more general process issue; explain the difference between optimising a piece of the ALM process, such as manual testing and optimising the entire ALM process
  • Explain the benefits of fast feedback
    • Explain the importance of fast feedback related to communicating requirements, explain the benefits of end customer feedback to early software iterations
  • Implement strategies to reduce end-to-end cycle time
    • Identify bottlenecks in the delivery process, identify metrics that highlight bottlenecks, create potential solutions whose effectiveness can be validated, understand the relationship between work in process (WIP) and cycle time
  • Implement strategies to improve software quality
    • Identify process steps that introduce defects, understand the end-to-end quality process, bring quality efforts early in the development cycle
  • Implement strategies to reduce waste
    • Identify wasteful activities, create strategies to eliminate waste, measure the effectiveness of waste removal activities
  • Create a process improvement plan
    • Create strategies for implementing organisational change, identify key metrics to be tracked during the improvement effort, create consensus for the change
Define the ALM process (15‒20%)
  • Role of different ALM processes
    • Understand the cost and benefits of the key ALM processes, including agile, scrum, waterfall and Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI)
  • Implement a scrum/agile process
    • Establish self-organising teams; holding a scrum/agile planning meeting, hold daily scrums/stand-up meetings, hold retrospective meetings, hold scrum review meetings
  • Define a scrum/agile process for a team
    • Establish criteria on when to cancel a sprint/iteration, establish tooling and process for scrum/agile artefacts, establish the scrum definition of "done", determine sprint/iteration length, determine how to handle backlog items/user stories not completed in a sprint/iteration, determine how to monitor sprint/iteration progress, use collaborative tools
  • Implement Microsoft Solution Framework (MSF) for CMMI process improvement
    • Establish project drivers (scope-driven, date-driven), assign product requirements to iterations, manage changes, manage issues
Define a software iteration (15‒20%)
  • Plan a release
    • Identify a flexibility matrix, identify releases based on priority items in flexibility matrix and release criteria, resource planning (scrum team is responsible for allocating team members), identify techniques to optimise a team that is geographically distributed, select a project methodology, risk management
  • Define a project-tracking process
    • Plan and manage a portfolio of multiple projects, identify a project-tracking tool and an associated process (triage process, bug management), define how to manage effort, determine team forecast management, define a prioritisation scheme, determine how to validate project health
  • Scope a project
    • Scope the effort for a release, define an architecture design process, define scope boundaries (is/is not list), determine the definition of "done", define a process when effort estimates are significantly inaccurate
Define end value for the software iteration (15‒20%)
  • Elicit requirements
    • Define project requirements, review and clarify requirements, define acceptance criteria, define UI platform requirements (web, mobile), assign a business value
  • Estimate requirements
    • Manage and assign effort estimates (assign story points); resize user requirements into smaller, manageable pieces; execute task breakdown; estimate the requirements baseline
  • Document requirements
    • Define acceptance criteria, list requirements, add requirement details, design UI storyboards
  • Prioritise requirements
    • Identify requirements that are critical path, identify must-have requirements, enable the entire team (including customers) to participate in requirements prioritisation, identify dependencies
Develop customer value with high quality (15‒20%)
  • Define code quality indicators
    • Perform code review, including security and performance analysis; analyse code for common defects; calculate code coverage; perform architecture validation
  • Incorporate unit testing
    • Establish unit test standards, develop a strategy for adding unit tests to existing applications, select the unit test type, establish the code coverage target, use shims and stubs to isolate your application
  • Develop code
    • Develop maintainable code; define coding standards; define application architecture; define configuration management process and tooling, including source control tree, branching strategy, solution structure, source control/check-in policy; manage multiple repositories using Git; use architecture, model and design tools; use quality and diagnostic tools
  • Validate quality
    • Organise test artefacts, such as test cases, suites, plans and requirements; define test strategy; manage test execution; perform cloud-based load testing; identify test types and associated tools; identify and configure environments; analyse test runs
  • Customise a team project
    • Customise a work item, customise work item queries, customise Team Portal, identify areas and iterations, manage roles and associated permissions
Integrate development and operations (15‒20%)
  • Implement an automated deployment process
    • Architect an automated build and deploy workflow, integrate automated tests, automate deployment into both test and production environments, review diagnostic logs for builds, manage releases including Release Management
  • Implement pre-production environments
    • Automate the creation of virtual test lab environments, automate deployment into virtual test environments
  • Manage feedback between development and operations
    • Implement tools to simplify communication; identify, measure and report key analytics and performance indicators, such as cycle time and mean time to repair (MTTR); create appropriate shared artefacts and process to facilitate communication; standardise required artefacts for defect reports; create strategies for test case reuse (both automated and manual) in production; monitor an application in production to optimise usage and performance
  • Troubleshoot production issues
    • Gather defect data from bugs in a production setting, provide actionable data to the development team, monitor applications running in production for potential issues, manage incident response times collaboratively between development and operations, use Application Insights appropriately

Preparation options

Exam prep video

Microsoft Certification PREP Talk: Exam 70-498

In this episode of Prep tips from certification experts, James Seymour, Certification Planner and Richard Hundhausen, ALM MVP, discuss the relevancy of the skills being measured in Exam 70-498.

From the community

Exam 70-498 wiki

Exam 70-498 forum

Who should take this exam?

This exam is designed to provide candidates with an assessment of their knowledge of fundamental server administration concepts. It can also serve as a stepping stone to the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist exams. It is recommended that candidates become familiar with the concepts and the technologies described here by taking relevant training courses. Candidates are expected to have some hands-on experience with Windows Server, Windows-based networking, Active Directory, account management and system recovery tools and concepts.

More information about exams

Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarise yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.


This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all of the topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.