Exam
98-365

Microsoft Windows Server logo

  • Published:
    02 August 2010
  • Languages:
    English, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish, Spanish (Latin America)
  • Audiences:
    Academic
  • Technology:
    Windows Server 2008
  • Credit towards certification:
    MTA

Windows Server Administration Fundamentals

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Windows Server Administration Fundamentals

Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area in the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area in the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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Understanding server installation (10–15%)
  • Understand device drivers
    • Installation; removal; disabling; update/upgrade; rollback; troubleshooting; Plug & Play; IRQ; interrupts; driver signing
  • Understand services
    • What services are; which statuses a service can be in; start-up types; recovery options; delayed start-up; Run As settings for a service; stopping or pausing a service; service accounts; dependencies
  • Understand server installation options
    • Choosing correct OS version; partitioning; F8 options, server core vs. full; interactive install; unattended install; automated install using WDS; upgrade vs. clean install; firmware updates including BIOS

Preparation resources

Understanding server roles (25–30%)
  • Identify application servers
    • Mail servers; database servers; collaboration servers; monitoring servers; threat management
  • Understand Web services
    • IIS, WWW, and FTP; separate worker processes; adding components; sites; ports; SSL; certificates
  • Understand remote access
    • Remote assistance; remote administration tools; Remote Desktop Services; licensing; RD Gateway; VPN; application virtualisation; multiple ports
  • Understand the file and print services
    • Local printers; network printers; printer pools; web printing; web management; driver deployment; file, folder and share permissions vs. rights; auditing; print job management
  • Understand server virtualisation
    • Virtualisation modes; VHDs; virtual memory; virtual networks; snapshots and saved states; physical to virtual; virtual to physical

Preparation resources

Understanding Active Directory (20–25%)
  • Understand accounts and groups
    • Domain accounts; local accounts; user profiles; group types; group scopes; group nesting; AGDLP
  • Understand organisational units and containers
    • Purpose of organisational units; purpose of containers; delegation; default
  • Understand Active Directory infrastructure
    • Domain controllers; forests; operation masters roles; domain vs. workgroup; child domains; trusts; functional levels; namespace; sites; replication
  • Understand group policy
    • Group policy processing; Group Policy Management Console; computer policies; user policies; local policies

Preparation resources

Understanding storage (10–15%)
  • Identify storage technologies
    • Advantages and disadvantages of different storage types; local (SATA, SCSI, IDE); NAS; SAN; fibre channel; iSCSI; NFS; FC HBA and FC switches; iSCSI hardware
  • Understand RAID
    • RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10 and combinations; hardware and software RAID
  • Understand disk types
    • ATA; basic disk; dynamic disk; mount points; file systems; mounting a virtual hard disk; distributed file systems; optical disks

Preparation resources

Understanding server performance management (10–15%)
  • Identify major server hardware components
    • Memory; disk; processor; network; 32 / 64 bits; removable drives; graphic cards; cooling; power usage; ports
  • Understand performance monitoring
    • Methodology; procedures; effect of network, CPU, memory and disk; creating a baseline; perfmon; resmon; Task Manager; performance counters
  • Understand logs and alerts
    • Purpose of performance logs and alerts

Preparation resources

Understanding server maintenance (15–20%)
  • Identify steps in the startup process
    • BIOS; bootsector; bootloader; MBR; boot.ini; bcdedit; POST; Safe Mode
  • Understand business continuity
    • Backup and restore; disaster recovery; clustering; AD restore; folder redirection; data redundancy; uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
  • Understand updates
    • Software; driver; operating systems; applications; Windows Update; Windows Server Update Service (WSUS)
  • Understand troubleshooting methodology
    • Processes; procedures; best practices; systematic vs. specific approach; perfmon; Event Viewer; Resource Monitor; Information Technology Infrastructure Library; central logging; event filtering; default logs

Preparation resources

Who should take this exam?

This exam is designed to provide candidates with an assessment of their knowledge of fundamental server administration concepts. It can also serve as a stepping stone to the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist exams. It is recommended that candidates become familiar with the concepts and the technologies described here by taking relevant training courses. Candidates are expected to have some hands-on experience with Windows Server, Windows-based networking, Active Directory, account management and system recovery tools and concepts.

More information about exams

Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarise yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.

Note

This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all of the topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.