Revenue increased $1.0 billion or 15%, primarily due to higher revenue from server products and cloud services.
• Server products and cloud services revenue increased $967 million or 18%, driven by Azure revenue growth of 98% and server products licensed on-premises revenue growth of 4%.
• Enterprise Services revenue increased $64 million or 5%, driven by higher revenue from Premier Support Services and Microsoft Consulting Services, offset in part by a decline in revenue from custom support agreements.
Operating income increased $541 million or 24%, primarily due to higher gross margin, offset in part by higher operating expenses.
• Gross margin increased $625 million or 13%, driven by growth in server products and cloud services revenue and cloud services scale and efficiencies. Gross margin percentage decreased, primarily due to an increased mix of cloud offerings, offset in part by gross margin percentage improvement in Azure.
• Operating expenses increased $84 million or 3%, driven by the benefit of a legal settlement in the prior year and investments in cloud engineering and commercial sales capacity.