Revenue increased $1.2 billion or 17%, including a favorable foreign currency impact of 2%.
Server products and cloud services revenue increased $1.0 billion or 20%, driven by Azure revenue growth of 93% and server products licensed on-premises revenue growth of 3%.
Enterprise Services revenue increased $106 million or 8%, driven by higher revenue from Premier Support Services and Microsoft Consulting Services, offset in part by a decline in revenue from custom support agreements.
Operating income increased $506 million or 24%, including a favorable foreign currency impact of 3%.
Gross margin increased $739 million or 16%, driven by growth in server products and cloud services revenue and cloud services scale and efficiencies. Gross margin percentage decreased, primarily due to an increased mix of cloud offerings, offset in part by gross margin percentage improvement in Azure. Gross margin included a favorable foreign currency impact of 2%.
Operating expenses increased $233 million or 9%, driven by investments in commercial sales capacity and cloud engineering. Operating expenses included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of 2%.