Course 50564: Introduction to HTML5
October 14, 2011
About this course
Audience profileThis two-day instructor-ledcourse provides students with the knowledge and skills to work with HTML5.At course completionThis course is intended for students who have experience with HTML 4, basic CSS, and basic Java Script. Students will start by getting their hands dirty and jumping right into HTML5 code. They will learn about the new HTML5 structural, semantic, and form tags, how to use Canvas to create drawings natively in the browser, how to work with HTML5 audio and video, the new methods for storing variables client-side, and how to build applications that work offline. Along the way, they will learn about the current state of browser support for HTML5 and the theory behind all the changes that have been made.After completing this course, students will be able to:
- Start building HTML5 pages.
- Understand the major benefits of HTML5.
- Understand the difference between HTML5 and HTML 4.
- Be familiar with HTML5's new elements and attributes.
- Work with audio and video in HTML5.
- Work with HTML5's new Canvas element to create code-based drawings.
- Use Web Storage for offline applications.
- Use all the cool new HTML5 form elements.
- Understand the current state of browser support for HTML5 and how to make HTML5 sites degrade gracefully.
- Course details
Course OutlineModule 1: Laying out a Page with HTML5This lesson begins with a quick review of a basic HTML 4 page and then dives right in to HTML5 code. We are not going to spend time reviewing history or discussing the hows and whys here, but we will come back to that later (see Lesson 2). First, we want to get you looking at some code.Lessons
- Page Structure
- New HTML5 Structural Tags
- Page Simplification
Module 2: HTML5 - How We Got HereAfter completing this module, students will be able to:
- In this exercise, you will convert a basic HTML 4 page to an HTML5 page. The CSS documents have already been created for you, such that, when you're finished, your HTML5 page should render exactly like the HTML 4 page.
In this lesson, we will discuss the differences between HTML 4 and HTML5 (aside from the space and the number).Lessons
- Lay out a page with HTML 4 (the "old" way).
- Lay out a page with HTML5.
- Understand the differences between the HTML5 and HTML 4 structures.
- Understand the new HTML5 Doctype.
- Understand the simpler script and style tags used in HTML5.
Module 3: Sections and ArticlesAfter completing this module, students will:
- The Problems HTML 4 Addresses
- The Problems XHTML Addresses
- The New, More Flexible Approach of HTML5 - Paving the Cowpaths
- New Features of HTML5
- The HTML5 Spec(s)
- Current State of Browser Support
In HTML 4, we use the DIV tag to separate HTML pages into parts. Sometimes those parts were structurally meaningful. For example, a page describing a course might include an overview, goals, prerequisites, and an outline. Each of those parts might be enclosed in a DIV tag with meaningful ids to provide meaningful structure to the page. However, DIV tags are also used to separate parts of a page for styling purposes, for example, to create a column layout. In this case, the areas encompassed in DIV tags might not be structurally different. Browsers cannot distinguish between structurally meaningful and meaningless divs, so they do not attribute any special significance to either kind.This lesson explains the purpose of and difference between SECTION and ARTICLE tags, how the differ from DIV tags, and how they affect a page's "outline."Lessons
- Understand what problems HTML 4 addresses.
- Understand what problems XHTML addresses.
- Understand how HTML5 addresses these problems.
- Understand the new features of HTML5.
- Know what is in the HTML5 Spec.
- Understand browser support for HTML5.
- The section Tag
- The article Tag
- In this exercise, you will modify an HTML page we worked on earlier in the course to replace meaningless div elements with meaningful section and article elements.
Module 4: HTML5 Audio and VideoAfter completing this module, students will be able to:
- In this exercise, you will try to determine the outline of an HTML page.
In this lesson, you will learn how to use the new HTML5 audio and video elements. As different browsers currently support different types of media, you will learn how to provide the necessary options to make your media work across browsers. You will also learn how to gracefully degrade your audio and video code.Lessons
- Understand how to use SECTION and ARTICLE tags to eliminate inherent HTML 4 structure problems.
- Understand what outlining is and how it is determined.
- Understand how heading tags H1, H2, etc.) affect a document's structure/outline.
- Supported Media Types
- The audio Element
- The video Element
- Scripting Media Elements
- Dealing with Non-Supporting Browsers
- In this exercise, you will create an HTML5 file from scratch that plays video files.
Module 5: HTML5 FormsAfter completing this module, students will be able to:
- In this exercise, you will add a feature to the preceding demo that allows the user to jump to the beginning to a stanza.
- Use the AUDIO tag.
- Use the VIDEO tag.
- Detect audio and video failure.
- Code for browsers that do not support the AUDIO and VIDEO tags.
- New Input Types
- HTML5 New Form Attributes
- Some Other New Form Field Attributes
- New Form Elements
Module 6: HTML5 Web StorageAfter completing this module, students will be able to:
- In this exercise, you will create an HTML5 quiz that validates form entries and reports the percentage of both the valid (but not necessarily correct) answers and the percentage of correct answers.
In this unit, you will learn about local storage and session storage and the use cases for each. You will also learn about some other client-side storage methods, one defunct and one up and coming.Lessons
- Understand HTML5's new form fields and attributes.
- Understand new types of inputs in HTML5.
- Understand built-in HTML5 form validation.
- Understand the new HTML5 output, progress, and meter elements.
- Overview of HTML5 Web Storage
- Web Storage
- Other Storage Methods
Module 7: HTML5 CanvasAfter completing this module, students will be able to:
- In this exercise, you will create a quiz application that allows the user to save and resume later. It also protects the user from losing data if he/she accidentally refreshes.
- How to use the two client-side storage methods in the W3C's Web storage specification.
- About the past and future of client-side storage.
- Getting Started with Canvas
- Drawing Lines
- Color and Transparency
- Circles and Arcs
- Quadratic and Bzier Curves
- In this exercise, you will use HTML5 canvas to draw a simple sailboat.
- In this exercise, you will use circles and squares to create a snowman.
Module 8: Integrated APIsAfter completing this module, students will be able to:
- In this exercise, you will create a drawing of a map of South America using image files of a map and country flag graphics supplied.
HTML5 includes a bunch of integrated and associated (e.g., not specifically part of HTML5) APIs. In this lesson, we'll look at the Offline Application API and the Drag and Drop API.Lessons
- Get started with canvas.
- Draw lines.
- Draw rectangles and circles.
- Reposition and rotate the canvas.
- Create animations.
After completing this module, students will be able to:
- Offline Application API
- Drag and Drop API
- Understand the new HTML5 APIs.
Before attending this course, students must have:
Experience in the following areas is beneficial:
- HTML 4
- Basic CSS
- Basic Java Script
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