Windows Server

  • Published:
    September 17, 2012
  • Languages:
    English, Chinese (Simplified), French, German, Japanese, Portuguese (Brazil)
  • Audiences:
    IT professionals
  • Technology:
    Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Credit toward certification:

Configuring Advanced Windows Server 2012 Services

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Windows Server MCSA Certification Objective Domain Review

Windows Server MCSA Certification Objective Domain Review

Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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There are exam updates effective as of April 19, 2018. To learn more about these changes and how they affect the skills measured, please download and review the Exam 412 change document.

Configure and Manage High Availability
  • Configure Network Load Balancing (NLB)
    • Install NLB nodes; configure NLB prerequisites; configure affinity; configure port rules; configure cluster operation mode; upgrade an NLB cluster
  • Configure failover clustering
    • Configure Quorum; configure cluster networking; restore single node or cluster configuration; configure cluster storage; implement Cluster Aware Updating; upgrade a cluster; configure and optimize clustered shared volumes; configure clusters without network names; configure storage spaces
  • Manage failover clustering roles
    • Configure role-specific settings including continuously available shares; configure VM monitoring; configure failover and preference settings; configure guest clustering
  • Manage Virtual Machine (VM) movement
    • Perform Live Migration; perform quick migration; perform storage migration; import, export, and copy VMs; configure Virtual Machine network health protection; configure drain on shutdown

Preparation resources

Configure File and Storage Solutions
  • Configure advanced file services
    • Configure NFS data store; configure BranchCache; configure File Classification Infrastructure (FCI) using File Server Resource Manager (FSRM); configure file access auditing
  • Implement Dynamic Access Control (DAC)
    • Configure user and device claim types; implement policy changes and staging; perform access-denied remediation; configure file classification; create and configure Central Access rules and policies; create and configure resource properties and lists
  • Configure and optimize storage
    • Configure iSCSI Target and Initiator; configure Internet Storage Name server (iSNS); implement thin provisioning and trim; manage server free space using Features on Demand; configure tiered storage

Preparation resources

Implement Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery
  • Configure and manage backups
    • Configure Windows Server backups; configure Windows Azure backups; configure role-specific backups; manage VSS settings using VSSAdmin
  • Recover servers
    • Restore from backups; perform a Bare Metal Restore (BMR); recover servers using Windows Recovery Environment (Win RE) and safe mode; configure the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) store
  • Configure site-level fault tolerance
    • Configure Hyper-V Replica including Hyper-V Replica Broker and VMs; configure multi-site clustering including network settings, Quorum, and failover settings; configure Hyper-V Replica extended replication; configure Global Update Manager; recover a multi-site failover cluster

Preparation resources

Configure Network Services
  • Implement an advanced Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) solution
    • Create and configure superscopes and multicast scopes; implement DHCPv6; configure high availability for DHCP including DHCP failover and split scopes; configure DHCP Name Protection; configure DNS registration
  • Implement an advanced DNS solution
    • Configure security for DNS including DNSSEC, DNS Socket Pool, and cache locking; configure DNS logging; configure delegated administration; configure recursion; configure netmask ordering; configure a GlobalNames zone; analyze zone level statistics
  • Deploy and manage IPAM
    • Provision IPAM manually or by using Group Policy; configure server discovery; create and manage IP blocks and ranges; monitor utilization of IP address space; migrate to IPAM; delegate IPAM administration; manage IPAM collections; configure IPAM database storage

Preparation resources

Configure the Active Directory Infrastructure
  • Configure a forest or a domain
    • Implement multi-domain and multi-forest Active Directory environments including interoperability with previous versions of Active Directory; upgrade existing domains and forests including environment preparation and functional levels; configure multiple user principal name (UPN) suffixes
  • Configure trusts
    • Configure external, forest, shortcut, and realm trusts; configure trust authentication; configure SID filtering; configure name suffix routing
  • Configure sites
    • Configure sites and subnets; create and configure site links; manage site coverage; manage registration of SRV records; move domain controllers between sites
  • Manage Active Directory and SYSVOL replication
    • Configure replication to Read-Only Domain Controllers (RODCs); configure Password Replication Policy (PRP) for RODCs; monitor and manage replication; upgrade SYSVOL replication to Distributed File System Replication (DFSR)

Preparation resources

Configure Access and Information Protection Solutions
  • Implement Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS)
    • Install AD FS; implement claims-based authentication including Relying Party Trusts; configure authentication policies; configure multi-factor authentication
  • Install and configure Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS)
    • Install an Enterprise Certificate Authority (CA); configure CRL distribution points; install and configure Online Responder; implement administrative role separation; configure CA backup and recovery
  • Manage certificates
    • Manage certificate templates; implement and manage certificate deployment, validation, and revocation; manage certificate renewal; manage certificate enrollment and renewal to computers and users using Group Policies; configure and manage key archival and recovery
  • Install and configure Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS)
    • Install a licensing or certificate AD RMS server; manage AD RMS Service Connection Point (SCP); manage RMS templates; configure Exclusion Policies, back up and restore AD RMS

Preparation resources

Preparation options

Instructor-led training
Exam prep video

Microsoft Certification PREP Talk: Exam 412

In this episode of Prep tips from certification experts, James Seymour, Senior Product Planner, and Rick Claus, Senior Technical Evangelist, discuss the relevancy of the skills being measured on Exam 412.

Practice test

Take a Microsoft Official Practice Test for Exam 412

From the community

Exam 70-412 wiki

Exam 70-412 forum


Exam Ref 70-412: Configuring Advanced Windows Server 2012 R2 Services
Published: March 15, 2014

Fully updated for Windows Server 2012 R2! Prepare for Microsoft Exam 70-412—and help demonstrate your real-world mastery of advanced configuration tasks for Windows Server infrastructure. Designed for experienced IT professionals ready to advance their status, Exam Ref focuses on the critical thinking and decision-making acumen needed for success at the MCSA or MCSE level.

Buy this book at the Microsoft Press Store

Training Guide: Configuring Advanced Windows Server 2012 R2 Services
Published: April 29, 2014

Fully updated for Windows Server 2012 R2! Designed to help enterprise administrators develop real-world, job-role-specific skills, this Training Guide focuses on configuration of advanced services in Windows Server 2012 R2. Build hands-on expertise through a series of lessons, exercises, and suggested practices—and help maximize your performance on the job.

Buy this book at the Microsoft Press Store

Who should take this exam?

This exam is part three of a series of three exams that test the skills and knowledge necessary to administer a Windows Server 2012 infrastructure in an enterprise environment. Passing this exam validates a candidate’s ability to perform the advanced configuring tasks required to deploy, manage, and maintain a Windows Server 2012 infrastructure, such as fault tolerance, certificate services, and identity federation. Passing this exam along with the other two exams confirms that a candidate has the skills and knowledge necessary for implementing, managing, maintaining, and provisioning services and infrastructure in a Windows Server 2012 environment.

More information about exams

Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.


This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.

Additional resources

Exam Replay

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