- June 11, 2012Published:
- English, Chinese (Simplified), French, German, Japanese, Portuguese (Brazil)Languages:
- IT professionalsAudiences:
- Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014Technology:
- MCP, MCSA, MCSECredit toward certification:
Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014
This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.
Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.
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If you have concerns about specific questions on this exam, please submit an exam challenge.
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In December 2015, this exam was evaluated for applicability to both SQL Server 2012 and SQL Server 2014. It was determined that no updates to exam objectives were required.
- Create database objects (20–25%)
Create and alter tables using T-SQL syntax (simple statements)
- Create tables without using the built in tools; ALTER; DROP; ALTER COLUMN; CREATE
Create and alter views (simple statements)
- Create indexed views; create views without using the built in tools; CREATE, ALTER, DROP
- Ensure code non regression by keeping consistent signature for procedure, views and function (interfaces); security implications
Create and modify constraints (simple statements)
- Create constraints on tables; define constraints; unique constraints; default constraints; primary and foreign key constraints
Create and alter DML triggers
- Inserted and deleted tables; nested triggers; types of triggers; update functions; handle multiple rows in a session; performance implications of triggers
- Create and alter tables using T-SQL syntax (simple statements)
- Work with data (25–30%)
Query data by using SELECT statements
- Use the ranking function to select top(X) rows for multiple categories in a single query; write and perform queries efficiently using the new (SQL 2005/8->) code items such as synonyms, and joins (except, intersect); implement logic which uses dynamic SQL and system metadata; write efficient, technically complex SQL queries, including all types of joins versus the use of derived tables; determine what code may or may not execute based on the tables provided; given a table with constraints, determine which statement set would load a table; use and understand different data access technologies; case versus isnull versus coalesce
- Identify problematic elements in query plans; pivot and unpivot; apply operator; cte statement; with statement
Implement data types
- Use appropriate data; understand the uses and limitations of each data type; impact of GUID (newid, newsequentialid) on database performance, when to use what data type for columns
Implement aggregate queries
- New analytic functions; grouping sets; spatial aggregates; apply ranking functions
Query and manage XML data
- Understand XML datatypes and their schemas and interop w/, limitations and restrictions; implement XML schemas and handling of XML data; XML data: how to handle it in SQL Server and when and when not to use it, including XML namespaces; import and export XML; XML indexing
- Query data by using SELECT statements
- Modify data (20–25%)
Create and alter stored procedures (simple statements)
- Write a stored procedure to meet a given set of requirements; branching logic; create stored procedures and other programmatic objects; techniques for developing stored procedures; different types of storeproc result; create stored procedure for data access layer; program stored procedures, triggers, functions with T-SQL
Modify data by using INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements
- Given a set of code with defaults, constraints, and triggers, determine the output of a set of DDL; know which SQL statements are best to solve common requirements; use output statement
- Difference between UNION and UNION all; case versus isnull versus coalesce; modify data by using MERGE statements
Work with functions
- Understand deterministic, non-deterministic functions; scalar and table values; apply built-in scalar functions; create and alter user-defined functions (UDFs)
- Create and alter stored procedures (simple statements)
- Troubleshoot and optimize (25–30%)
- Understand statistics; read query plans; plan guides; DMVs; hints; statistics IO; dynamic vs. parameterized queries; describe the different join types (HASH, MERGE, LOOP) and describe the scenarios they would be used in
- Mark a transaction; understand begin tran, commit, and rollback; implicit vs explicit transactions; isolation levels; scope and type of locks; trancount
Evaluate the use of row-based operations vs. set-based operations
- When to use cursors; impact of scalar UDFs; combine multiple DML operations
Implement error handling
- Implement try/catch/throw; use set based rather than row based logic; transaction management
- Optimize queries
- Instructor-led training
- Exam prep videos
Microsoft Certification PREP Talk: Exam 461
In this episode of Prep tips from certification experts, James Seymour, Certification Planner, and Dandy Weyn, Senior Program Manager on the SQL Server product group, discuss the relevancy of the skills being measured on Exam 461.
Exam Prep: 70-461: MCSA: Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012
This Exam Prep session focuses on what you need to know to pass Exam 70-461: Querying Microsoft SQL Server. The session, led by Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) boB Taylor, walks you through the objectives covered in the exam, gives you some general exam-taking tips, and highlights best practices for working with SQL Server technology.
- Self-paced training
- Practice test
- From the community
Training Kit (Exam 70-461): Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012
Published: Published: November 2012
Ace your preparation for Microsoft Certification Exam 70-461 with this 2-in-1 Training Kit from Microsoft Press. Work at your own pace through a series of lessons and practical exercises, and then assess your skills with practice tests on CD—featuring multiple, customizable testing options.
Who should take this exam?
This exam is intended for SQL Server database administrators, system engineers, and developers with two or more years of experience, who are seeking to validate their skills and knowledge in writing queries.
More information about exams
- Preparing for an exam
We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.
This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all of the topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.