- June 11, 2012Published:
- English, Chinese (Simplified), French, German, Japanese, Portuguese (Brazil)Languages:
- IT professionalsAudiences:
- Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014Technology:
- MCP, MCSA, MCSECredit toward certification:
Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases
This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.
Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.
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As of February 18, 2016, this exam includes content covering both SQL Server 2012 and 2014. Please note that this exam does not include questions on features or capabilities that are present only in the SQL Server 2012 product. For more information, please download and review this document.
- Install and configure (20–25%)
- Evaluate installation requirements; design the installation of SQL Server and its components (drives, service accounts, etc.); plan scale-up vs. scale-out basics; plan for capacity, including if/when to shrink, grow, autogrow, and monitor growth; manage the technologies that influence SQL architecture (for example, service broker, full text, scale out, etc.); design the storage for new databases (drives, filegroups, partitioning); design database infrastructure; configure a SQL Server standby database for reporting purposes; Windows-level security and service level security; Core mode installation; benchmark a server before using it in a production environment (SQLIO, Tests on SQL Instance); choose the right hardware
Install SQL Server and related services
- Test connectivity; enable and disable features; install SQL Server database engine and SSIS (not SSRS and SSAS); configure an OS disk
Implement a migration strategy
- Restore vs detach/attach; migrate security; migrate from a previous version; migrate to new hardware; migrate systems and data from other sources
Configure additional SQL Server components
- Set up and configure all SQL Server components (Engine, AS, RS and SharePoint integration) in a complex and highly secure environment; configure full-text indexing; SSIS security; filestream; filetable
Manage SQL Server Agent
- Create, maintain, and monitor jobs; administer jobs and alerts; automate (setup, maintenance, monitoring) across multiple databases and multiple instances; send to "Manage SQL Server Agent jobs"
- Plan installation
- Maintain instances and databases (15–20%)
Manage and configure databases
- Design multiple file groups; database configuration and standardization: autoclose, autoshrink, recovery models; manage file space, including adding new filegroups and moving objects from one filegroup to another; implement and configure contained databases; data compression; configure TDE; partitioning; manage log file growth; DBCC
Configure SQL Server instances
- Configure and standardize a database: autoclose, autoshrink, recovery models; install default and named instances; configure SQL to use only certain CPUs (affinity masks, etc.); configure server level settings; configure many databases/instance, many instances/server, virtualization; configure clustered instances including MSDTC; memory allocation; database mail; configure SQL Server engine: memory, filffactor, sp_configure, default options
Implement a SQL Server clustered instance
- Install a cluster; manage multiple instances on a cluster; set up subnet clustering; recover from a failed cluster node
Manage SQL Server instances
- Install an instance; manage interaction of instances; SQL patch management; install additional instances; manage resource utilization by using Resource Governor; cycle error logs
- Manage and configure databases
- Optimize and troubleshoot (15–20%)
Identify and resolve concurrency problems
- Examine deadlocking issues using the SQL server logs using trace flags; design reporting database infrastructure (replicated databases); monitor via DMV or other MS product; diagnose blocking, live locking and deadlocking; diagnose waits; performance detection with built in DMVs; know what affects performance; locate and if necessary kill processes that are blocking or claiming all resources
Collect and analyze troubleshooting data
- Monitor using Profiler; collect performance data by using System Monitor; collect trace data by using SQL Server Profiler; identify transactional replication problems; identify and troubleshoot data access problems; gather performance metrics; identify potential problems before they cause service interruptions; identify performance problems;, use XEvents and DMVs; create alerts on critical server condition; monitor data and server access by creating audit and other controls; identify IO vs. memory vs. CPU bottlenecks; use the Data Collector tool
Audit SQL Server instances
- Implement a security strategy for auditing and controlling the instance; configure an audit; configure server audits; track who modified an object; monitor elevated privileges as well as unsolicited attempts to connect; policy-based management
- Identify and resolve concurrency problems
- Manage data (20–25%)
Configure and maintain a back-up strategy
- Manage different backup models, including point-in-time recovery; protect customer data even if backup media is lost; perform backup/restore based on proper strategies including backup redundancy; recover from a corrupted drive; manage a multi-TB database; implement and test a database implementation and a backup strategy (multiple files for user database and tempdb, spreading database files, backup/restore); back up a SQL Server environment; back up system databases
- Restore a database secured with TDE; recover data from a damaged DB (several errors in DBCC checkdb); restore to a point in time; file group restore; page level restore
Implement and maintain indexes
- Inspect physical characteristics of indexes and perform index maintenance; identify fragmented indexes; identify unused indexes; implement indexes; defrag/rebuild indexes; set up a maintenance strategy for indexes and statistics; optimize indexes (full, filter index); statistics (full, filter) force or fix queue; when to rebuild vs. reorg and index; full text indexes; column store indexes
Import and export data
- Transfer data; bulk copy; bulk insert
- Configure and maintain a back-up strategy
- Implement security (15–20%)
Manage logins and server roles
- Configure server security; secure the SQL Server using Windows Account / SQL Server accounts, server roles; create log in accounts; manage access to the server, SQL Server instance, and databases; create and maintain user-defined server roles; manage certificate logins
Manage database security
- Configure database security; database level, permissions; protect objects from being modified; auditing; encryption
Manage users and database roles
- Create access to server / database with least privilege; manage security roles for users and administrators; create database user accounts; contained login
- Manage certificates and keys; endpoints
- Manage logins and server roles
- Implement high availability (5–10%)
- Implement AlwaysOn availability groups; implement AlwaysOn failover clustering
- Troubleshoot replication problems; identify appropriate replication strategy
- Implement AlwaysOn
- Instructor-led training
- Exam prep videos
Microsoft Certification PREP Talk: Exam 462
In this episode of Prep tips from certification experts, James Seymour, Certification Planner, and Dandy Weyn, Senior Program Manager on the SQL Server product group, discuss the relevancy of the skills being measured on Exam 462.
Exam Prep: 70-462: MCSA: Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Databases
This Exam Prep session focuses on what you need to know to pass Exam 70-462: Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Databases. The session, led by Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) boB Taylor, walks you through the objectives covered in the exam, gives you some general exam-taking tips, and highlights best practices for working with SQL Server technology.
- Self-paced training
- Practice test
- From the community
Training Kit (Exam 70-462): Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Databases
Published: June 2012
Ace your preparation for the skills measured by Exam 70-462—and on the job—with this official Microsoft study guide. Work at your own pace through a series of lessons and reviews that fully cover each exam objective. Then, reinforce and apply what you’ve learned through real-world case scenarios and practice exercises.
Who should take this exam?
This exam is intended for database professionals who perform installation, maintenance, and configuration tasks. Other responsibilities include setting up database systems, making sure those systems operate efficiently, and regularly storing, backing up, and securing data from unauthorized access.
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We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.
This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all of the topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.