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Windows Server

  • Published:
    April 3, 2008
  • Languages:
    English, German, Japanese
  • Audiences:
    IT professionals
  • Technology:
    Windows Server 2008
  • Credit toward certification:

Windows Server 2008, Server Administrator

This exam has been retired

For currently available options, please see the Microsoft Certification exam list.

Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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Planning for server deployment (15–20%)
  • Plan server installations and upgrades
    • Windows Server 2008 edition selection; rollback planning; Bitlocker implementation requirements
  • Plan for automated server deployment
    • Standard server image; automation and scheduling of server deployments
  • Plan infrastructure services server roles
    • Address assignment; name resolution; network access control; directory services; application services; certificate services
  • Plan application servers and services
    • Virtualization server planning; availability, resilience, and accessibility
  • Plan file and print server roles
    • Access permissions; storage quotas; replication; indexing; file storage policy; availability; printer publishing

Preparation resources

Planning for server management (20–25%)
  • Plan server management strategies
    • Remote administration; remote desktop; server management technologies; Server Manager and ServerManagerCMD; delegation policies and procedures
  • Plan for delegated administration
    • Delegate authority; delegate Active Directory objects; application management
  • Plan and implement group policy strategy
    • GPO management; GPO backup and recovery; group policy troubleshooting; group policy planning

Preparation resources

Monitoring and maintaining servers (20–25%)
  • Implement patch management strategy
    • Operating system patch level maintenance; Windows Server Update Services (WSUS); application patch level maintenance
  • Monitor servers for performance evaluation and optimization
    • Server and service monitoring; optimization; event management; trending and baseline analysis
  • Monitor and maintain security and policies
    • Remote access; monitor and maintain NPAS; network access, server security, firewall rules, and policies; authentication and authorization; data security; auditing

Preparation resources

Planning application and data provisioning (15–20%)
  • Provision applications
    • Presentation virtualization; terminal server infrastructure; resource allocation; application virtualization alternatives; application deployment; System Center Configuration Manager
  • Provision data
    • Shared resources; offline data access

Preparation resources

Planning for business continuity and high availability (15–20%)
  • Plan storage
    • Storage solutions; storage management
  • Plan high availability
    • Service redundancy; service availability
  • Plan for backup and recovery
    • Data recovery strategy; server recovery strategy; directory service recovery strategy; object level recovery

Preparation resources

Preparation options

Instructor-led training
Practice test

Take a Microsoft Official Practice Test for Exam 646

MCITP Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-646): Windows Server 2008 Server Administrator (2nd Edition)

MCITP Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-646): Windows Server 2008 Server Administrator (2nd Edition)
Published: July 2011

Fully updated for Windows Server 2008 R2! Ace your preparation for the skills measured by Exam 70-646—and on the job. Work at your own pace through a series of lessons and reviews that fully cover each exam objective. Then, reinforce and apply your knowledge to real-world case scenarios and practice exercises. This kit also includes a 15 percent exam discount from Microsoft.

Buy this book at the Microsoft Press Store

Who should take this exam?

A server administrator is responsible for the operations and day-to-day management of an infrastructure of Windows Server 2008 R2 servers for an enterprise organization. Windows server administrators manage the infrastructure, Web, and IT application servers. The Windows server administrators use scripts and batch files written by others or those that they occasionally write themselves to accomplish tasks on a regular basis. They conduct most server management tasks remotely by using Remote Desktop Server or administration tools installed on their local workstation. A server administrator’s primary tasks include:

  • Managing the server operating system, file, and directory services
  • Software distribution and updates
  • Profiling and monitoring assigned servers
  • Troubleshooting

Server administrators also support engineering projects. Server administrators are responsible for server builds and configuration. Their job role involves 60 percent operations, 20 percent engineering, and 20 percent support tasks.

More information about exams

Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.


This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.