Exam
98-364

Microsoft SQL Server logo

  • Published:
    August 2, 2010
  • Languages:
    English, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish, Spanish (Latin America)
  • Audiences:
    Academic
  • Technology:
    Microsoft SQL Server 2008
  • Credit toward certification:
    MTA

Database Fundamentals

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Database Fundamentals

Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

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Understanding core database concepts (20–25%)
  • Understand how data is stored in tables
    • Understand what a table is and how it relates to the data that will be stored in the database; columns/fields, rows/records
  • Understand relational database concepts
    • Understand what a relational database is, the need for relational database management systems (RDBMS), and how relations are established
  • Understand data manipulation language (DML)
    • Understand what DML is and its role in databases
  • Understand data definition language (DDL)
    • Understand how T-SQL can be used to create database objects, such as tables and views

Preparation resources

Create database objects (20–25%)
  • Choose data types
    • Understand what data types are, why they are important, and how they affect storage requirements
  • Understand tables and how to create them
    • Purpose of tables; create tables in a database by using proper ANSI SQL syntax
  • Create views
    • Understand when to use views and how to create a view by using T-SQL or a graphical designer
  • Create stored procedures and functions
    • Select, insert, update, or delete data

Preparation resources

Manipulate data (25–30%)
  • Select data
    • Utilize SELECT queries to extract data from one table, extract data by using joins, combine result sets by using UNION and INTERSECT
  • Insert data
    • Understand how data is inserted into a database, how to use INSERT statements
  • Update data
    • Understand how data is updated in a database and how to write the updated data to the database by using the appropriate UPDATE statements, update by using a table
  • Delete data
    • Delete data from single or multiple tables, ensure data and referential integrity by using transactions

Preparation resources

Understand data storage (15–20%)
  • Understand normalization
    • Understand the reasons for normalization, the five most common levels of normalization, how to normalize a database to third normal form
  • Understand primary, foreign, and composite keys
    • Understand the reason for keys in a database, choose appropriate primary keys, select appropriate data type for keys, select appropriate fields for composite keys, understand the relationship between foreign and primary keys
  • Understand indexes
    • Understand clustered and non-clustered indexes and their purpose in a database

Preparation resources

Administer a database (10–15%)
  • Understand database security concepts
    • Understand the need to secure a database, what objects can be secured, what objects should be secured, user accounts, and roles
  • Understand database backups and restore
    • Understand various backup types, such as full and incremental, importance of backups, how to restore a database

Preparation resources

Who should take this exam?

Candidates for this exam are seeking to prove introductory knowledge of and skills with databases, including relational databases, such as Microsoft SQL Server. It is recommended that candidates be familiar with the concepts of and have hands-on experience with the technologies described here, either by taking relevant training courses or by working with tutorials and samples available on MSDN and in Microsoft Visual Studio. Although minimal hands-on experience with the technologies is recommended, job experience is not assumed for these exams.

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Preparing for an exam

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Note

This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all of the topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.