Exam
98-366

Windows Server

  • Published:
    August 2, 2010
  • Languages:
    English, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish, Spanish (Latin America)
  • Audiences:
    Academic
  • Technology:
    Windows Server 2008
  • Credit toward certification:
    MTA

Networking Fundamentals

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Networking Fundamentals

Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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There are exam updates effective as of January 31, 2018. To learn more about these changes and how they affect the skills measured, please download and review the Exam 98-366 change document.

Understanding network infrastructures (30–35%)
  • Understand the concepts of Internet, intranet, and extranet
    • Virtual Private Network (VPN), security zones, firewalls
  • Understand local area networks (LANs)
    • Perimeter networks; addressing; reserved address ranges for local use (including local loopback IP), VLANs; wired LAN and wireless LAN
  • Understand wide area networks (WANs)
    • Leased lines, dial-up, ISDN, VPN, T1, T3, E1, E3, DSL, cable modem, and more, and their characteristics (speed, availability)
  • Understand wireless networking
    • Types of wireless networking standards and their characteristics (802.11a,b,g,n,ac including different GHz ranges), types of network security (WPA, WEP, 802.1X, and others), point-to-point (P2P) wireless, ad hoc networks, wireless bridging
  • Understand network topologies and access methods
    • Star, mesh, ring, bus, logical and physical topologies

Preparation resources

Understanding network hardware (20–25%)
  • Understand switches
    • Transmission speed, number and type of ports, number of uplinks, speed of uplinks, managed or unmanaged switches, VLAN capabilities, Layer 2 and Layer 3 switches and security options, hardware redundancy, support, backplane speed, switching types and MAC table, understand capabilities of hubs versus switches, virtual switches
  • Understand routers
    • Transmission speed considerations, directly connected routes, static routing, dynamic routing (routing protocols), RIP vs. OSPF, default routes; routing table and how it selects best route(s); routing table memory, Network Address Translation (NAT), software routing in Windows Server, installing and configuring routing; Quality of Service (QoS)
  • Understand media types
    • Cable types and their characteristics, including media segment length and speed; fiber optic; twisted pair shielded or unshielded; catxx cabling, wireless; susceptibility to external interference (machinery and power cables); susceptibility to electricity (lightning), susceptibility to interception

Preparation resources

Understanding protocols and services (45-50%)
  • Understand the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model
    • OSI model; Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) model; examples of devices, protocols, applications, and which OSI/TCP layer they belong to; TCP and User Datagram Protocol (UDP); well-known ports for most used purposes (not necessarily Internet); packets and frames
  • Understand IPv4
    • Subnetting, IPconfig, why use Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4), addressing, ipv4toipv6 tunneling protocols to ensure backward compatibility, dual IP stack, subnetmask, gateway, ports, packets, reserved address ranges for local use (including local loopback IP)
  • Understand IPv6
    • Subnetting, IPconfig, why use IPv6, addressing, ipv4toipv6 tunneling protocols to ensure backward compatibility, dual IP stack, subnetmask, gateway, ports, packets, reserved address ranges for local use (including local loopback IP)
  • Understand names resolution
    • DNS, resource records, Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), steps in the name resolution process, HOSTS file, LMHOSTS file
  • Understand networking services
    • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Network Address Translation (NAT), firewalls, remote access, VPN
  • Understand TCP/IP
    • Tools (such as ping), tracert, pathping, Telnet, IPconfig, netstat, reserved address ranges for local use (including local loopback IP), protocols

Preparation resources

Who should take this exam?

Candidates for this exam are familiar with general networking concepts and the technologies. Candidates should have some hands-on experience with Windows Server, Windows-based networking, network management tools, DNS, TCP/IP, names resolution process, and network protocols and topologies.

More information about exams

Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.

Note

This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.