Windows Server

  • Published:
    August 2, 2010
  • Languages:
    English, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish, Spanish (Latin America)
  • Audiences:
  • Technology:
    Windows Server 2008
  • Credit toward certification:

Security fundamentals

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Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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Understand security layers (25–30%)
  • Understand core security principles
    • Confidentiality; integrity; availability; how threat and risk impact principles; principle of least privilege; social engineering; attack surface
  • Understand physical security
    • Site security; computer security; removable devices and drives; access control; mobile device security; disable Log On Locally; keyloggers
  • Understand Internet security
    • Browser settings; zones; secure websites
  • Understand wireless security
    • Advantages and disadvantages of specific security types; keys; service set identifiers (SSIDs); MAC filters

Preparation resources

Understand operating system security (30–35%)
  • Understand user authentication
    • Multifactor; smart cards; Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS); Public Key Infrastructure (PKI); understand the certificate chain; biometrics; Kerberos and time skew; use Run As to perform administrative tasks; password reset procedures
  • Understand permissions
    • File; share; registry; Active Directory; NT file system (NTFS) versus file allocation table (FAT); enable or disable inheritance; behavior when moving or copying files within the same disk or on another disk; multiple groups with different permissions; basic permissions and advanced permissions; take ownership; delegation
  • Understand password policies
    • Password complexity; account lockout; password length; password history; time between password changes; enforce by using Group Policies; common attack methods
  • Understand audit policies
    • Types of auditing; what can be audited; enable auditing; what to audit for specific purposes; where to save audit information; how to secure audit information
  • Understand encryption
    • Encrypting file system (EFS); how EFS-encrypted folders impact moving/copying files; BitLocker (To Go); TPM; software-based encryption; MAIL encryption and signing and other uses; virtual private network (VPN); public key/private key; encryption algorithms; certificate properties; certificate services; PKI/certificate services infrastructure; token devices
  • Understand malware
    • Buffer overflow; worms; Trojans; spyware

Preparation resources

Understand network security (20–25%)
  • Understand dedicated firewalls
    • Types of hardware firewalls and their characteristics; why to use a hardware firewall instead of a software firewall; SCMs and UTMs; stateful versus stateless inspection
  • Understand Network Access Protection (NAP)
    • Purpose of NAP; requirements for NAP
  • Understand network isolation
    • Virtual local area networks (VLANs); routing; honeypot; perimeter networks; network address translation (NAT); VPN; IPsec; server and domain isolation
  • Understand protocol security
    • Protocol spoofing; IPsec; tunneling; DNSsec; network sniffing; common attack methods

Preparation resources

Understand security software (15–20%)
  • Understand client protection
    • Antivirus; User Account Control (UAC); keep client operating system and software updated; encrypt offline folders, software restriction policies
  • Understand email protection
    • Antispam, antivirus, spoofing, phishing, and pharming; client versus server protection; Sender Policy Framework (SPF) records; PTR records
  • Understand server protection
    • Separation of services; hardening; keep server updated; secure dynamic Domain Name System (DNS) updates; disable unsecure authentication protocols; Read-Only Domain Controllers (RODC); separate management VLAN; Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA)

Preparation resources

Preparation options

Instructor-led training
Find a Microsoft Learning Partner near you
Practice test

Take a Microsoft Official Practice Test for Exam 98-367

From the community

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Who should take this exam?

This exam validates that a candidate has fundamental security knowledge and skills. It can serve as a stepping stone to the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) exams. It is recommended that candidates become familiar with the concepts and the technologies described here by taking relevant training courses. Candidates are expected to have some hands-on experience with Windows Server, Windows-based networking, Active Directory, anti-malware products, firewalls, network topologies and devices, and network ports.

More information about exams

Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.


This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all of the topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.