Exam
98-388

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  • Published:
    October 12, 2017
  • Languages:
    English, Japanese, Chinese (Traditional), Chinese (Simplified), Spanish, Portuguese (Brazil), French, German, Korean
  • Audiences:
    IT professionals, Developers, Information workers
  • Technology:
    Java 6 SE
  • Credit toward certification:
    MTA

Introduction to Programming Using Java

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Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

Please note that the questions may test on, but will not be limited to, the topics described in the bulleted text.

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Understand Java fundamentals (15-20%)
  • Describe the use of main in a Java application
    • Signature of main, why it is static; how to consume an instance of your own class; command-line arguments
  • Perform basic input and output using standard packages
    • Print statements; import and use the Scanner class
  • Evaluate the scope of a variable
    • Declare a variable within a block, class, or method
Work with data types, variables, and expressions (40-45%)
  • Declare and use primitive data type variables
    • Data types, including byte, char, int, double, short, long, float, boolean; identify when precision is lost; initialization; how primitives differ from wrapper object types such as Integer and Boolean
  • Construct and evaluate code that manipulates strings
    • String class and string literals, comparisons, concatenation, case and length; String.format methods; string operators; converting a primitive data type to a string; the immutable nature of strings; initialization; null
  • Construct and evaluate code that creates, iterates, and manipulates arrays and array lists
    • One- and two-dimensional arrays, including initialization, null, size, iterating elements, accessing elements; array lists, including adding and removing elements, traversing the list
  • Construct and evaluate code that performs parsing, casting and conversion
    • Implementing code that casts between primitive data types, converts primitive types to equivalent object types, or parses strings to numbers
  • Construct and evaluate arithmetic expressions
    • Arithmetic operators, assignment, compound assignment operators, operator precedence
Implement flow control (15-20%)
  • Construct and evaluate code that uses branching statements
    • if, else, else if, switch; single-line versus block; nesting; logical and relational operators
  • Construct and evaluate code that uses loops
    • while, for, for each, do while; break and continue; nesting; logical, relational, and unary operators
 Perform object-oriented programming (10-15%)
  • Construct and evaluate a class definition
    • Constructors; constructor overloading; one class per .java file; this keyword; inheritance and overriding at a basic level
  • Declare, implement, and access data members in a class
    • private, public, protected; instance data members; static data members; using static final to create constants; describe encapsulation
  • Declare, implement, and access methods
    • private, public, protected; method parameters; return type; void; return value; instance methods; static methods; overloading
  • Instantiate and use a class object in a program
    • Instantiation; initialization; null; accessing and modifying data members; accessing methods; accessing and modifying static members; importing packages and classes
Compile and debug code (5-10%)
  • Troubleshoot syntax errors, logic errors, and runtime errors
    • print statement debugging; output from the javac command; analyzing code for logic errors; console exceptions after running the program; evaluating a stack trace
  • Implement exception handling
    • try catch finally; exception class; exception class types; display exception information

Preparation options

Practice test

Take a Microsoft Official Practice Test for exam 70-532

Beginning in April 2017, over time, practice tests will become available in multiple languages, including Spanish, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), French, German, Japanese, Portuguese (Brazil), and Russian. To see when a specific language is offered for this practice test, please check back.

Who should take this exam?

Candidates for this exam are application developers working with Java 6 SE or later, secondary and immediate post-secondary level students of software development, or entry-level software developers.  

Candidates should have at least 150 hours or instruction or hands-on experience with Java, are familiar with its features and capabilities, and understand how to write, debug and maintain well-formed, well documented Java code.

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Note

This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.