Exam
AZ-900

Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure Fundamentals

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    Fulfills requirements for Microsoft Certified Azure Fundamentals

    With Microsoft Certification, technology professionals are more likely to get hired, demonstrate clear business impact, and advance their careers.

    About the certification
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Skills measured

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam. View video tutorials about the variety of question types on Microsoft exams.

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Understand Cloud Concepts (15-20%)
  • Describe the benefits and considerations of using cloud services
    • Understand terms such as High Availability, Scalability, Elasticity, Agility, Fault Tolerance, and Disaster Recovery
    • Understand the principles of economies of scale
    • Understand the differences between Capital Expenditure (CapEx) and Operational Expenditure (OpEx)
    • Understand the consumption-based model
  • Describe the differences between Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
    • Describe Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)
    • Describe Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
    • Describe Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
    • Compare and contrast the three different service types
  • Describe the differences between Public, Private and Hybrid cloud models
    • Describe Public cloud
    • Describe Private cloud
    • Describe Hybrid cloud
    • Compare and contrast the three different cloud models
Understand Core Azure Services (30-35%)
  • Understand the core Azure architectural components
    • Describe Regions
    • Describe Availability Zones
    • Describe Resource Groups
    • Describe Azure Resource Manager
    • Describe the benefits and usage of core Azure architectural components
  • Describe some of the core products available in Azure
    • Describe products available for Compute such as Virtual Machines, Virtual Machine Scale Sets, App Service and Functions
    • Describe products available for Networking such as Virtual Network, Load Balancer, VPN Gateway, Application Gateway and Content Delivery Network
    • Describe products available for Storage such as Blob Storage, Disk Storage, File Storage, and Archive Storage
    • Describe products available for Databases such as CosmosDB, Azure SQL Database, Azure Database Migration service, and Azure SQL Data Warehouse
    • Describe the Azure Marketplace and its usage scenarios
  • Describe some of the solutions available on Azure
    • Describe Internet of Things (IoT) and products that are available for IoT on Azure such as IoT Fundamentals, IoT Hub and IoT Central
    • Describe Big Data and Analytics and products that are available for Big Data and Analytics such as SQL Data Warehouse, HDInsight and Data Lake Analytics
    • Describe Artificial Intelligence (AI) and products that are available for AI such as Azure Machine Learning Service and Studio
    • Describe Serverless computing and Azure products that are available for serverless computing such as Azure Functions, Logic Apps and App grid
    • Describe the benefits and outcomes of using Azure solutions
  • Understand Azure management tools
    • Understand Azure tools such as Azure CLI, PowerShell, and the Azure Portal
    • Understand Azure Advisor
Understand Security, Privacy, Compliance, and Trust (25-30%)
  • Understand securing network connectivity in Azure
    • Describe Azure Firewall
    • Describe Azure DDoS Protection
    • Describe Network Security Group (NSG)
    • Choose an appropriate Azure security solution
  • Describe core Azure Identity services
    • Understand the difference between authentication and authorization
    • Describe Azure Active Directory
    • Describe Azure Multi-Factor Authentication
  • Describe security tools and features of Azure
    • Describe Azure Security
    • Understand Azure Security center usage scenarios
    • Describe Key Vault
    • Describe Azure Information Protection (AIP)
    • Describe Azure Advanced Threat Protection (ATP)
  • Describe Azure governance methodologies
    • Describe Azure Policies
    • Describe Initiatives
    • Describe Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
    • Describe Locks
    • Describe Azure Advisor security assistance
  • Understand monitoring and reporting options in Azure
    • Describe Azure Monitor
    • Describe Azure Service Health
    • Understand the use cases and benefits of Azure Monitor and Azure Service Health
  • Understand privacy, compliance and data protection standards in Azure
    • Understand industry compliance terms such as GDPR, ISO and NIST
    • Understand the Microsoft Privacy Statement
    • Describe the Trust center
    • Describe the Service Trust Portal
    • Describe Compliance Manager
    • Determine if Azure is compliant for a business need
    • Understand Azure Government services
    • Understand Azure Germany services
Understand Azure Pricing and Support (25-30%)
  • Understand Azure subscriptions
    • Describe an Azure Subscription
    • Understand the uses and options with Azure subscriptions
  • Understand planning and management of costs
    • Understand options for purchasing Azure products and services
    • Understand options around Azure Free account
    • Understand the factors affecting costs such as resource types, services, locations, ingress and egress traffic
    • Understand Zones for billing purposes
    • Understand the Pricing calculator
    • Understand the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) calculator
    • Understand best practices for minimizing Azure costs such as performing cost analysis, creating spending limits and quotas, and using tags to identify cost owners; use Azure reservations; use Azure Advisor recommendations
    • Describe Azure Cost Management
  • Understand the support options available with Azure
    • Understand support plans that are available such as Dev, Standard, Professional Direct and Premier
    • Understand how to open a support ticket
    • Understand available support channels outside of support plan channels
    • Describe the Knowledge Center
  • Describe Azure Service Level Agreements (SLAs)
    • Describe a Service Level Agreement (SLA)
    • Determine SLA for a particular Azure product or service
  • Understand service lifecycle in Azure
    • Understand Public and Private Preview features
    • Understand how to access Preview features
    • Understand the term General Availability (GA)
    • Monitor feature updates

Who should take this exam?

This exam is designed for candidates looking to demonstrate foundational level knowledge of cloud services and how those services are provided with Microsoft Azure. The exam is intended for candidates with non-technical backgrounds, such as those involved in selling or purchasing cloud based solutions and services or who have some involvement with cloud based solutions and services, as well as those with a technical background who have a need to validate their foundational level knowledge around cloud services. Technical IT experience is not required however some general IT knowledge or experience would be beneficial.

This exam can be taken as an optional first step in learning about cloud services and how those concepts are exemplified by Microsoft Azure. It can be taken as a precursor to Microsoft Azure or Microsoft cloud services exams. While it would be a beneficial first step, validating foundational level knowledge, taking this exam is not a pre-requisite before taking any other Azure-based certifications.

More information about exams


Preparing for an exam

We recommend that you review this exam preparation guide in its entirety and familiarize yourself with the resources on this website before you schedule your exam. See the Microsoft Certification exam overview for information about registration, videos of typical exam question formats, and other preparation resources. For information on exam policies and scoring, see the Microsoft Certification exam policies and FAQs.


Note

This preparation guide is subject to change at any time without prior notice and at the sole discretion of Microsoft. Microsoft exams might include adaptive testing technology and simulation items. Microsoft does not identify the format in which exams are presented. Please use this preparation guide to prepare for the exam, regardless of its format. To help you prepare for this exam, Microsoft recommends that you have hands-on experience with the product and that you use the specified training resources. These training resources do not necessarily cover all topics listed in the "Skills measured" section.