On July 13–14, 2009, the tenth Microsoft Research Faculty Summit brought together more than 400 thought leaders from academia, government, and Microsoft to reflect on how current computing disciplines open new opportunities for research and development.
Addressing World-Scale Challenges
Computational approaches provide a powerful means for addressing previously unsolvable problems.
Increasingly, computing technologies make the difference in enabling new approaches applied to world-scale challenges in such diverse disciplines as medicine and healthcare, energy and environment, and educational and social progress.
In response to these significant global challenges, the Microsoft Research Faculty Summit 2009 investigated how computing technologies can best help scientists make progress in these important areas. Attendees had the opportunity to participate in creative, open discourse on research topics.
Identifying computational enablers for solving critical social and scientific problems was a main theme for this year’s faculty summit:
- Energy Sustainability. Discussions focused on computing research challenges in data center efficiency and sustainability as well as computational issues related to reducing our carbon footprint.
- Addressing climate change. The sessions will examine how to develop greater understanding of climate dynamics through the evaluation of sensor network approaches, advanced data mining and visualization techniques, and improved computationally-driven climate models.
- Transformational improvement in healthcare. The availability and delivery of solutions for previously elusive healthcare challenges such as HIV-AIDS, diabetes, asthma, obesity, and aging are showing promising results through the collaboration of medical and computational researchers. Ubiquitous cell phone networks around the world are now opening the way to deliver a new level of health care in rural areas where no doctors are available.
Background on the Microsoft Research Faculty Summit
Each year, Microsoft Research hosts an annual faculty summit. Leading academic researchers and educators join with Microsoft researchers to explore the latest research results, collectively discuss the challenges faced by the community, search for the best approaches to meeting those challenges, and identify new research opportunities. The participants’ range of interests and the breadth of the technical areas covered in the program ensure a unique experience and provide a venue for meeting with colleagues and friends across the full range of the computing disciplines.
Monday, July 13
|Opening Plenary Session||Kodiak|
Faculty Summit Introduction and Welcome
Harold Javid, Faculty Summit Chair, Microsoft Research
Microsoft External Research | slides
Tony Hey, Corporate Vice President, External Research, Microsoft Research
Craig Mundie, Chief Research and Strategy Officer, Microsoft
Earth, Energy, and Environment
From Farm to Forest: Carbon Implications of Land Use
Dennis Baldocchi, University of California, Berkeley; David Lobell, Stanford University; Catharine Van Ingen, Microsoft Research
Are agricultural carbon credits a sound investment, helping both sequester carbon and raise farmer income levels? Are forest-based offsets equally viable? At-risk forests can absorb 20 percent of the planet’s carbon emissions while agriculture accounts for approximately 10 percent of global emissions. Thus, land-use, whether in the form of deforestation or agriculture, directly affects nearly 30 percent of the exchange of greenhouse gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. This session features presentations (and interactive discussion) by University of California, Berkeley Professor Dennis Baldocchi on the relationship between vegetation and the atmosphere and Stanford University Dr. David Lobell on how technology is critical to studying climactic impact on agriculture.
Attracting and Retaining Women in Computing: Real Programs for Real Progress | slides
Moderator: Jane Prey, Microsoft Research
Maureen Biggers, Indiana University; Tracy Camp, Colorado School of Mines; Carla Ellis, Duke University; Gillian Hayes, University of California, Irvine; Rita Powell, University of Pennsylvania
A degree or career in computer science remains a less than compelling choice for college-bound girls. The National Center for Women and Information Technology (NCWIT) leverages the efforts of organizations across the United States, and connects efforts to increase women’s participation in all areas of information technologies, from elementary school to higher education and through industry and academic careers. Leading-edge social science research focuses on education, innovation, climate, and workforce participation. Research is the foundation for NCWIT’s mission. By researching what works and what does not work, NCWIT can develop and distribute practices that will accelerate women’s participation in information technology. Additionally, NCWIT’s Academic Alliance Seed Fund Award, sponsored by Microsoft Research, encourages the widespread application of new promising practices by awarding alliance members with funds to develop and implement initiatives in computing and information technology. This session examines the variety of programs initiated through the Academic Alliance and Seed Fund program and provides examples of successful approaches to reform.
Core Computer Science
Beyond Search with Data Driven Intelligence
These presentations capture the future of search by focusing on how data-driven research can help advance the state of the art in the online world and present a vision for humane computing. This session was held from 11:00 to 12:15.
Education and Scholarly Communication
The Road to Personalized Learning
Michael Golden, Microsoft
The role of educators and students in education is clear and undisputed. What then is technology’s role? We believe it to be in two dimensions—augment and scale. Microsoft’s vision is to expand the power of education for everyone through personalized learning. Technology must then augment the delivery and experience of personalized learning for a given educator or student; and then it must enable personalized learning to occur for all students—or achieve scale. In this session, Michael Golden discusses Microsoft’s approach to personalized learning, and demonstrates some of the tools that help achieve it.
|12:00–1:15||Lunch and Brown Bag Sessions|
Core Computer Science
Robots as a Context for Teaching Beginner Programmers: the Conclusion of Three Years’ Research | slides
Mark Guzdial, Georgia Institute of Technology
IPRE (the Institute for Personal Robots in Education, hosted at Georgia Tech with Bryn Mawr College) phase 1 concludes this summer. This talk reviews IPRE’s progress in contextualized beginner computer science education using personal robots since its foundation in 2006, and looks forward to IPRE’s phase 2.
Earth, Energy, and Environment
Water for a Thirsty World: How Can Information Technology Help?
Water defines our environment. We are a water-dependent species in a world where water is the central actor, changing Earth’s surface and shaping where and how we live. At the same time that populations are growing and water demand is increasing, changes in climate and land use impose broad challenges for the future. In the study of the water environment from the perspectives of natural, engineering, and social sciences the overarching question is: How can we protect ecosystems and better manage and predict water availability and quality for future generations, given changes to the water cycle caused by human activities and climate trends? In this session, Professor Dozier and Dr. Zaslavsky lead an interactive discussion of the role of information technology in transforming water science and improving decisions about water management.
Health and Wellbeing
Mobile Solutions for Underserved Communities
Moderator: Kristin Tolle, Microsoft Research
This session focuses on sustainable solutions that will help solve the healthcare crisis in emerging and developing economies.
Transformational Improvement in Healthcare | slides
David Zar, Washington University in St. Louis
Approximately 75 percent of the world population has no access to medical imaging. Most of those people are poor and many live in remote areas, far from modern medical facilities. By taking advantage of the computing capabilities of modern smart phones, real-time, ultrasonic imaging may be introduced to these people and at very low cost. Using commercially available USB-based ultrasound probes and developing drivers and applications that run on Windows Mobile smart phones, many underserved areas of the world may now have access to modern medical imaging.
Basic Mobile Technology for Basic Support | slides
Michael Platt, Microsoft
There is still much that can be done to support underserved communities with mobile technologies to which they already have access. This presentation examines how the huge numbers of mobile phones has been utilized as a delivery mechanism for cloud computing to provide dynamic and personalized support to the bottom of the pyramid.
Use Smart Phones to Promote Diabetes Self-management for Robust Elderly in China | slides
Jiao (Maggie) Ma and Cynthia LeRouge
This presentation provides an overview of how User-Centered Design (UCD) is being applied in design and prototyping of an age and culturally appropriate, interactive diabetes self-management support system on smart phones Chinese Aged Diabetic Assistant (CADA). CADA uses a gaming approach to engage and inspire robust (independent in activities of daily living) elder populations with diabetes in China.
Core Computer Science
Energy-Efficient Computing: the State of the Art
Moderator: Feng Zhao, Microsoft Research
Power is increasingly becoming a critical performance metric for designing computing systems, from devices, services, to large-scale data centers. Two leading researchers, David Patterson from the University of California, Berkeley, and John D. Davis, Microsoft Research, present the latest research on energy-efficient computing for data centers and cloud computing.
(Updated: Due to a family emergency, John D. Davis replaces Jeffrey Chase.)
Technical Direction and Strategy at Microsoft – How ThinkWeek and Quests Work | slides
Tara Prakriya, Microsoft
The Technical Strategy Group (TSG) works to capture and influence business, experience and technology direction, and opportunities for the company. The goal of this session is to share insight into how Microsoft technical strategy is developed across divisions, the future technology direction of the company, the intersection of business-experience-technology strategy alignment, how programs like ThinkWeek and Quests are instrumental in this process, and insight on how Microsoft Research engages in these programs.
Education and Scholarly Communication
Next Generation Scholarly Measurement—Deciding What Counts
Academic researchers have used various methods for ranking the importance and influence of scholarly journals and their authors, including citation analysis, usage data, and more recently by using social networking analysis. This session explores how recent advances in data mining, network analysis, and information theory have led to new methods for evaluating the influence of scholarly periodicals and for understanding the structure of academic research.
MESUR: Studying Science from Large-Scale Usage Data
Johan Bollen, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Science is of significant importance to our society, but we understand very little of the processes that lead to scientific innovation. This presentation provides an overview of our work on large-scale usage data as an early indicator of scientific activity. The MESUR project has in the past two years aggregated a large-scale collection of the usage data recorded by some of the world’s most significant publishers, aggregators and institutional consortia. The resulting data set has been analyzed to reveal the structural properties of scientific activity in real-time. The presentation highlights some of our recent work on producing detailed maps of science that reveal how scientists navigate between online scholarly resources. The results indicate that it may be possible to detect or predict the emergence of innovation from temporal changes in the structure of scientific activity. This work underpins efforts to arrive at a more accurate, pro-active evaluation of scientific impact.
The Eigenfactor Project | slides
Carl Bergstrom, University of Washington
Science is a massively parallel human endeavor to explain and predict the nature of the physical world. In science, knowledge is acquired cumulatively and collaboratively, and the principal mode for sharing this knowledge is the institution of scholarly publishing. In science, ideas are built upon ideas, models upon models, and verifications upon prior verifications. This cumulative process of construction leaves behind it a latticework of citations, from which we can reconstruct the geography of scientific thought and retrace the paths along which intellectual activity has proceeded. The Eigenfactor Project aims to use recent advances in network analysis and information theory to develop novel methods for evaluating the influence of scholarly periodicals and for mapping the structure of academic research.
Earth, Energy, and Environment
Protecting Ocean Resources
Oceans play a crucial role in supporting life on earth. Oceans provide the primary source of protein for more than 1 billion people, are a leading source for pharmaceuticals, and supply multiple billions in economic wealth, not to mention the inherent visceral enjoyment of a day at the beach. Unfortunately, pollution, overfishing, and climate change threaten all of this. This session, led by marine scientist Dr. Ellen Prager and Mark Abbott, Dean and Professor of College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, focuses on climate change, in particular. Session attendees will participate in a rich discussion around how better technology including modeling, visualization, translation skills, and decision tools can help address the critical problems of sea level rise, ocean temperature increase, and ocean acidification.
Health and Wellbeing
Computational Challenges of Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS)
Moderator: Simon Mercer, Microsoft Research
This session describes several approaches used in association with GWAS that facilitate time to discovery.
Using Genomics to Understand Neurological Disease
Bryan Traynor, National Institutes of Health
The presentation outlines the tremendous advances that have been made in genomics in the last five years, and demonstrates how we have used these technologies to begin to unravel neurological diseases. The audience should come away with a sense of the potential of genomics, both now and in the very near future.
Improving Detection in Large-Scale Genetic Association Studies by Discovering and Accounting for Race, Relatedness, and Other Hidden Relationships | slides
Jennifer Listgarten, Microsoft Research
The goal of genome-wide association studies is to uncover associations between disease and genetics by looking at genetic markers in large populations of individuals with and without the disease. In the statistical analysis of such studies, the ability to capture and effectively deal with various types of population structure (for example, race structure, family structure, and unknown relatedness) is critical to the discovery of genetic markers of disease. Such structure is known to be a significant confounding factor, leading to loss of power and spurious results when not properly accounted for. However, finding models that automatically account for multiple types of structure, when the presence or nature of this structure is unknown, remains an open area of research. We are investigating the use of statistical models that automatically learn and correct for these hidden factors, even when their presence is not originally known, and also without the need to remove subsets of individuals as is often done.
GeneScription: An Information Management System for Enabling Pharmacogenomics and Drug Safety Assurance | slides
Michael Kane, Purdue University
The presentation describes the rationale, development, and utility of a software system (GeneScription) developed specifically to provide training to healthcare professionals in the field of pharmacogenomics by using an operational model. The audience derives an introduction to pharmacogenomics (which is distinct from the use of genomics for disease prediction), as well as an emerging clinical arena dependent upon the successful integration of computing and information management, clinical genomics, pharmacotherapeutics, and the issues surrounding patient privacy.
Core Computer Science
The Microsoft-Intel Universal Parallel Computing Research Centers
Microsoft and Intel jointly funded two Universal Parallel Computing Research Centers (UPCRC): one at the University of California, Berkeley, and one at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. The goal of these centers was to produce the innovative research that would help further the adoption and use of multicore parallel computers by developing new techniques for parallel programs and new end-user applications that could exploit these computers. Professors Patterson and Hwu describe the research that is ongoing at each of their institutions.
Education and Scholarly Communication
Advances in Tablet Computing: From Research to Application
For years, Microsoft has invested in breakthrough research in the arena of Tablet/Pen Computing. This session focuses on two areas: (1) A summary of the results (including demos) of the three-year program of research conducted by the Pen Computing Center at Brown under the direction of Professor Andries van Dam, and (2) Some exciting demos from Microsoft’s Education Product Group showing how many of the advanced technologies that stemmed from these investments have now been incorporated into the forthcoming release of Microsoft Office highlighting the educational potential of this software plus form factor.
Digital Humanities Research—Computationally Intensive Efforts in eHumanities
Digital Humanities is currently a vibrant area for innovative and multi-disciplinary research, involving all of the humanistic disciplines and computer and library sciences. Over the course of the past decade, scholars have shifted focus from generating individual repositories of digital data in various formats (plain text, TEI, XML, and so on) to thinking about how this digital data underpins the creation of new knowledge. Research continues to be shaped by the primary materials, but the fact that it is now available in digital form allows Humanities researchers thanks to the various research tools that have and continue to be developed to ask different questions. These new questions will shape disciplines and have the potential to revolutionize and change the nature of understanding.
Digital Humanities Research at Trinity College Dublin
Digital Humanities has a long tradition dating back to the 1940s when IBM funded a project led by a Roberto A. Busa, which resulted in machines for the automation of the linguistic analysis of written texts. The invention of the Web in 1992 gave fresh impetus to the field and from the mid-1990s there were a number of major Digital Humanities projects, especially the Rossetti archive, completed in 2008, and the Valley of the Shadow project. This presentation explores current issues in digital humanities research and how they have been addressed by the research communities in Europe, and more particularity, in Ireland and especially at Trinity College Dublin.
Text-mining and Humanities Research | slides
John Unsworth, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
What kinds of research questions can humanities scholars address with text-mining tools? What challenges face those who want to build text-mining software for this audience? What kind of work needs to be done to prepare text collections for this kind of work? Who is actually doing this kind of research, and what have their results been? This presentation addresses these and other questions, based on four years of experience in collaborative, multi-institutional projects aimed at building text-mining tools for the digital humanist.
A Call to Action: How Can Technology Help Protect Environmental Ecosystem Services? | slides
Sandy Andelman, Vice President, Executive Director of the Tropical Ecology, Assessment and Monitoring Network at Conservation International; Peter Seligmann, Co-Founder, Chairman, and CEO, Conservation International
The environmental plenary session features a conversation with Peter Seligmann, the chief executive officer of Conservation International, and Sandy Andelman, Vice President and Executive Director of the Tropical Ecology, Assessment and Monitoring (TEAM) Network, on the most urgent issues facing the environment and the role that technology can play in the protection of ecosystem services. Drawing from decades of experience, they discuss how climate change will impact the basic services that people depend on, including food, water, culture, and national security and how the research community can accelerate breakthroughs in the way we understand and address environmental degradation.
Travel to Kirkland
|Dinner Cruise Around Lake Washington|
Tuesday, July 14
Opening Plenary Session
Research in the 21st Century | slides
Rick Rashid, Senior Vice President, Microsoft Research
|11:45–1:00||Lunch and Brown Bag Sessions|
Five Years of Faculty Fellowships: A Retrospective | slides
Moderator: Tom McMail, Microsoft Research
In 2005, Microsoft Research created a fellowship program for research faculty that was designed as an investment in the development of talent critical to the future progress of the computing disciplines. Now, after five years of activity and with 25 fellows named, this session examines some of the successful researchers and activities enabled by the awards as well as future enhancements envisioned for the program.
Needles in a Haystack: Reading Human Evolution in the Human Genome
Gill Bejerano, Stanford University (2009 Fellow)
The genomes of humans and our closest living species allow us to seek the genomic events that drove the unique evolution of our species. One such quest will be described, highlighting the intimate interplay between computation and experiments that allowed it to bear fruit.
Some Vignettes from Learning Theory | slides
Robert Kleinberg, Cornell University (2008 Fellow)
A great deal of recent research on computational learning theory and its applications focuses on a paradigm called “regret minimization.” Regret-minimizing algorithms solve repeated decision problems (for example, which medical treatment to administer to a patient) and learn from their past mistakes, improving their performance as they gain experience. It is possible to design these algorithms to meet surprisingly strong provable worst-case guarantees, but decision problems “in the wild” often force us to reconsider the assumptions underlying these algorithms and to expand the theory in unexpected ways. in this discussion, we survey a few recent examples that illustrate how the theory is growing and maturing under the influence of applications from domains such as Web search and advertising.
Interactive and Collaborative Data Management in the Cloud | slides
Magdalena Balazinska, University of Washington (2007 Fellow)
The scientific data management landscape is changing. Improvements in instrumentation and simulation software are giving scientists access to data at an unprecedented scale. This data is increasingly being stored in data centers running thousands of commodity servers. This new environment creates significant data management challenges. In addition to efficient query processing, the magnitude of data and queries call for new query management techniques such as runtime query control, intra-query fault tolerance, query composition support, and seamless query sharing. In this talk, we present our ongoing research efforts to provide scientists the tools they need to analyze data at these new scales and in these new environments. We also briefly discuss some of the other research projects in our group.
Core Computer Science
Microsoft Cloud Computing Platform | slides
Roger Barga, Microsoft Research; Dennis Gannon, Microsoft Research
Cloud computing uses data centers to provide on-demand access to services such as data storage and hosted applications that provide scalable Web services and large-scale scientific data analysis. While the architecture of a data center is similar to a conventional supercomputer, they are designed with very different goals. This talk highlights the basic cloud computing system architectures and the application programming models, including general concepts of data center architecture. We examine cloud computing and storage models with a detailed look at the Microsoft Azure cloud computing platform.
The Design Expo is a Microsoft Research forum where the top graduate design institutions showcase their prototype interaction design ideas. Microsoft Research sponsors a semester-long class at leading interdisciplinary design schools and invites the top class projects to present their ideas as part of the Faculty Summit.
Earth, Energy, and Environment
Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production
While the administration of United States President Obama has committed US$1.2 billion to go toward green energy research and development, approximately one thirtieth of the U.S. Department of Energy’s annual budget, both climate change and energy security, remain critical problems to solve. How do we avoid investing in energy sources that yield unintended consequences? What if the energy sources that are getting the most attention are between 25 to 1,000 times more polluting than the best available options? The science community is assessing not only the potential for delivering energy for electricity and vehicles from different sources, but also how they affect global warming, human health, energy security, water supply, space requirements, wildlife, water pollution, reliability, and sustainability. Join Stanford University Professor Mark Z. Jacobson, Conservation International Chief Advisor Michael Totten, and Oregon State University Dean and Professor Mark Abbott for an interactive workshop dedicated to using technology to achieve a whole systems evaluation of competing alternative energy options.
Health and Wellbeing
Systems Biology and Transformative Healthcare
Moderator: Simon Mercer, Microsoft Research
This session investigates the role of computing in the fields of biological sciences and health care.
Systems Biology and Biotechnology of Microorganisms: Making Systems Biology Work | slides
Sang Yup Lee, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Systems biology has been changing the paradigm of biological and biotechnological research. It is now possible to perform so-called systems metabolic engineering by integrating metabolic engineering with systems biology. This lecture presents the general strategies for systems metabolic engineering and several examples on the production of various bioproducts. Systems metabolic engineering can be considered as one of the success stories of systems biology, and will become an essential strategy for developing various microbial processes for the production of chemicals and materials, thus helping us to move into sustainable bio-based economy.
Interpreting Personalized Genetic Information
Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are rapidly increasing in number, numerous challenges persist in identifying and explaining the associations between loci and quantitative phenotypes. This project is developing tools to integrate gene association data with protein network information to identify the pathways underlying a patient’s genotype. These methods will elevate the study of gene association to a new study of pathway association. The project is a joint work with Richard Karp in the EECS Department at the University of California, Berkeley. Our proposed solution is to explain the associations captured by GWAS in terms of known gene and protein interactions. New technologies have provided a wealth of interaction data ranging from the proteome (protein-protein interaction networks) to the transcriptome (protein-DNA interactions) to the metabolome (metabolic pathways). We will develop computational tools that query these independent networks to identify pathways and sub-networks of interactions underlying the observed set of genome-wide associations. This framework is intended to improve the power of current GWAS, by identifying genes in loci with borderline significance that nonetheless have close network proximity to significant genes. Furthermore, it will provide a list of putative physical pathways incorporating the causal genes necessary to affect the phenotype.
Core Computer Science
Panel: Energy-Efficient Computing: Hype or Science?
Moderator: Feng Zhao, Microsoft Research | slides
This panel provides a forum for lively debate about the directions, challenges, and ideas about building energy-efficient computing systems. The experts examine energy and power issues in hardware and systems design, interconnect and optics, networking fabric, embedded systems, and software design.
Highlights from Asia on eScience | slides
Moderator: Lolan Song, Microsoft Research
This session presents some of the highlights from eScience Research in Asia. Three speakers from universities in the Asia-Pacific region talk about their research work in the environment, bioinformatics, and other areas.
The Health-e-Waterways Project – An Exemplar Model for Environmental Monitoring and Resource Management | slides
Jane Hunter, University of Queensland
Numerous state, national, and international agencies are advocating the need for standardized frameworks and procedures for environmental accounting. The Health-e-Waterways project provides an ideal model for delivering a standardized approach to the aggregation of ecosystem health monitoring data and the generation of dynamic, interactive reports (that link back to the raw data sets). The system combines Microsoft Virtual Earth and Microsoft Silverlight to present environmental reports that not only save agencies significant time and money, but can also be used to guide regional, state, and national environmental policy development. Current work includes linking management action strategies to specific spatio-temporal indicators to identify the extent of impact of management actions and investments—enabling adaptive management strategies based on environmental outcomes.
A Semantic and “Kansei” Computing System for Analyzing Global Environments | slides
Yasushi Kiyoki, Keio University
In the design of multimedia database systems, one of the most important issues is how to search and analyze media data (images, music, video, and documents), according to user’s impressions and contexts. We introduce a “Kansei” and semantic associative search method based on our Mathematical Model of Meaning (MMM). The concept of “Kansei” includes several meanings on sensitive recognition, such as impression”, “human senses”, “feelings”, “sensitivity”, “psychological reaction”, and “physiological reaction”. This model realizes “Kansei” processing and semantic associative search for media data, according to various contexts. This model is applied to compute semantic correlations between images, music, video, and documents dynamically with a context interpretation mechanism. The main feature of this model is to realize semantic associative search and analysis in the 2000-dimensional orthogonal semantic space with semantic projection functions. This space is created for dynamically computing semantic equivalence or similarity between media data. One of the important applications of MMM is Global Environment-Analysis, which aims to evaluate various influences caused by natural disasters in global environments. We have several experiments for a global environment-analysis system based on MMM for natural disasters, especially for mud-flow disasters. Those results show the feasibility and effectiveness of our Semantic Computing System with MMM for realizing deep analysis of global environments.
Computational Challenges in Analyzing Complex Traits | slides
Jun Zhu, Zhejiang University
Most human important diseases and economically important animal and plant traits are complex traits controlled by multiple genes with gene-to-gene interaction (epistasis) and gene-to-environment interaction (GE). Detection of polygene with fixed effects of genes and random effects of GE interaction are often revealed by mixed-linear-model approach, which is a statistical method involving enormous computation of many inverses of an (n&n) matrix. Genes are located on chromosomes. There must be two-dimension presentation for multiple genes with gene-to-gene interaction. Since genes express differently during developmental stages and across various environments, the graphic presentation of dynamic gene expression is another type of challenge for bio-computation.
Education and Scholarly Communications
Computer Games and Learning: Best Practices Using Games to Teach in Academia and at Microsoft | slides
The Games for Learning Institute is a joint venture with Microsoft Research, New York University, and affiliated New York regional schools. Nine months into its efforts, it has prematurely published its annual report discussing the latest research about how to make great games and how to make great game vehicles for teaching. This talk is complemented by three efforts at Microsoft where product groups are using games to teach the esoteric features of Microsoft software, facilitate learning, and improve software development. See some very cool stuff and learn how to get your kids to love math (as does Ken Perlin) or find out how to use a feature in Microsoft Office Word you have not yet discovered.
Computer Science Research in Latin America
Moderator: Jaime Puente, Microsoft Research
Improving Meta-Analysis Based GWAS Through Data Quality Management | slides
Raul Ruggia, University of La Republica
Defining mappings or indirect relations from genotype to phenotype has long been a challenge for those in the field of biology. The present pace of data generation from genomic sciences offers unparalleled opportunities in this regard. Prominent examples are Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), which jointly analyze thousands of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) from chosen populations, looking for associations between a specific disease and a given genomic configuration. However, huge costs and project complexity restrict the application of GWAS approach. An option to overcome this limitation is to combine different studies, applying the so-called Meta-Analysis approach. Efforts such as Database of Genotype and Phenotype (dbGaP) are intended to provide a uniform repository of such studies. However, retrieving, integrating, and interpreting heterogeneous data sources are daunting tasks. Indeed, most successful meta-analyses rely on sophisticated statistics aided with expert inspection and filtering. This approach is slow, costly and error-prone (for example, multiple subjective decisions), introducing reproducibility problems. The main goal of our work is to provide a data quality assessment environment for GWAS, which enables a powerful and reliable application of Meta-Analysis. The environment trends to promote this approach by identifying core concepts and elements that would allow model-based, automated, comprehensive, and reproducible data quality management. Furthermore, while Meta-Analysis was extensively used for combining aggregated data, our approach intends to combine raw data, even from heterogeneous sources.
Research at LaFHIS: The Tools and Foundations for Software Engineering Lab at University of Buenos Aires | slides
Sebastian Uchitel, University of Buenos Aires
The Laboratory on Foundations and Tools for Software Engineering (LaFHIS) within the Department of Computing at the Faculty of Science, University of Buenos Aires, aims to conduct leading-edge research in, and technology transfer of, effective engineering methods, tools, and environments for the development of composite, heterogeneous, and complex software-intensive systems. The group has strong interests in the specification, construction, and verification of software-intensive systems. This talk provides an overview of the research conducted at LaFHIS, which focuses on models and automated analysis. It provides particular insight into the researchers’ work on model checking, scenario-based specifications, partial behavior modeling, and contract validation. This talk also includes descriptions of ongoing collaborative projects with Microsoft Research on model-based testing and program analysis.
Advancements of the LACCIR Virtual Institute: 2007–2009 | slides
Ignacio Casas, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
With support and sponsorship from Microsoft Research, the Inter American Development Bank (IADB), and the Organization of American States (OAS), the Latin American and Caribbean Collaborative ICT Research (LACCIR) Virtual Institute was created in May 2007 as a federation of Latin American and Caribbean universities, for the advancement of collaborative information and communication technologies (ICT) research applied to social and economical development of the region. This presentation provides an account of activities and achievements in terms of regional research projects, graduate student fellowships, collaboration networks, and research indicators to date.
Health and Wellbeing
Devices, Sensors, and Mobility for Healthcare
Moderator: Kristin Tolle, Microsoft Research
This session focuses on innovative technologies in the devices sensors and mobile space being developed by Microsoft Researchers and their external collaborators.
Physiological Computing for Human-Computer Interaction and Medical Sensing | slides
Desney Tan, Microsoft Research
The human body is a complex biological machine and a prolific signal generator. Recent advances in sensing technologies have vastly augmented our ability to decode the signals generated by the body. This talk presents research into utilizing sensors placed on or in the human body in order to create natural and always-available interaction with computers around us. The talk also includes discussion of recent efforts in applying our expertise to build sensors and design experiences centered on medical sensing.
Monitoring and Diagnosing Sleep Apnea in the Home | slides
Kristin Tolle, Microsoft Research
This talk focuses on technology being developed in the Microsoft Research hardware team to help diagnoses sleep apnea and other sleeping disturbances. For proper diagnosis, patients typically must check into a sleep clinic (hospital) for monitoring. By reinstrumenting many of the sensors used in this controlled environment into a neck cuff, we posit that we can generate accurate predictions of sleep apnea (and with multiple data points) in the comfort of a subject’s home.
MAUI: Mobile Assistance Using the Internet | slides
Victor Bahl, Microsoft Research
Seamless augmentation of human cognition requires processing and energy that far outstrips the capabilities of mobile hardware. The CPU, memory, I/O, and energy demands of new world applications greatly exceed the capacity of devices that people are willing to carry or wear for extended periods. On such hardware, improving size, weight, and battery life are higher priorities than enhancing compute power. A mobile device can never be too small, too light, or have too long a battery life! This is not just a temporary limitation of current technology, but is intrinsic to mobility. At any given cost and level of technology, considerations of weight, power, size, and ergonomics will exact a penalty in computational resources. Computation on mobile devices will always be a compromise. Cloud computing suggests an obvious solution: Run the application on a distant high-performance computer or compute cluster and access it over the Internet via a mobile computer. Unfortunately, long WAN latencies hurt the crisp interaction that is so critical for seamless augmentation of human cognition. Humans are acutely sensitive to delay and jitter, and it is very difficult to control these parameters at WAN scale. As latency increases and bandwidth drops, interactive response suffers. This distracts the user, and reduces his or her depth of cognitive engagement.
Core Computer Science
Computational Thinking Enters the Mainstream | slides
Moderator: Tom McMail, Microsoft Research
The Microsoft Carnegie Mellon Center for Computational Thinking was founded in 2007 to encourage breakthrough research in projects exemplifying this approach to problem solving. This session provides an overview of the investigations conducted at this center over its first two years and presents some interesting possibilities for the future.
The Spread of Computational Thinking | slides
Peter Lee, Guy Blelloch, Christopher Langmead, Golan Levin, Carnegie Mellon University
Every educated person should be able to think computationally. That is the thesis first promoted by Jeannette Wing, which formed the foundation of the Microsoft-supported Center for Computational Thinking. In the same manner that mathematical thinking, global thinking, and so on, are critical for succeeding or even surviving in today’s world, computational thinking addresses problems which would be unsolvable or solved less well without computational advantages and the mindset required to use them most creatively and effectively. As a means for conceptualizing and solving complex problems in a number of domains in both the sciences and humanities, it has received wide attention in the research, teaching, and policy communities.
Guy Blelloch, Carnegie Mellon University
With the advent of Multicores, we are riding a third or fourth wave of parallel computing, and perhaps unlike previous ones this one will break. Many if not most computer science classes, however, remain case studies in how to push students into thinking sequentially. At the earliest stages, for example, we teach students that taking the dot product of two vectors or merging two lists involves starting at one end and sequentially traversing to the other. In reality, many problems, applications, and even algorithms are inherently parallel. The languages and models we use, however, push us to describe and conceptualize them sequentially. This talk describes some of the core concepts in parallel algorithms and points out that these ideas transcend any particular model and are thus largely robust against uncertainties in what parallel machines might look like. How programming languages can affect the way we think about the algorithms will also be discussed. Ideas from the audience are appreciated.
Computational Drug Discovery
Christopher Langmead, Carnegie Mellon University
We are using Computational Thinking to address the problem of designing drugs that evade resistance. Our approach uses two key abstractions. The first is to model the drug design process as a two-player game. Here, a pharmaceutical company makes a move by introducing a drug against a target molecule. The disease then makes a move by introducing mutations that decreases the binding affinity of the drug, while preserving the biological function of the target. The second abstraction is to model the physics of molecular interactions and the space of possible mutations as a complex probability distribution. This complex distribution is efficiently encoded by using undirected probabilistic graphical models; probabilistic queries are answered by using inference algorithms. This presentation focuses on graphical models used in this work.
Music Performance in the Computational Age | slides
Roger Dannenberg, Carnegie Mellon University
Computing has revolutionized music performance, recording, distribution, and listening. To date, most of the revolution has been driven by advances in storage and communication. The next revolution will come from computation, especially interactive real-time systems. We have been exploring how computing can augment musical performance by amateurs and professionals alike. A recent concert featured a 20-piece digital string orchestra playing with a live jazz band. Future work is aimed at interfaces that extend human musical abilities, especially in live performance.
Art and Code
Golan Levin, Carnegie Mellon University
Just as true literacy in English means being able to write as well as read, true literacy in software demands not only knowing how to use commercial software tools, but how to create new software for oneself and for others. Recently, a new set of visually- and musically-oriented programming environments (and accompanying pedagogic techniques) have been developed by artists, and for artists. These toolkits—many of which are free, open-source initiatives—have made enormous inroads towards democratizing the education of computational thinking worldwide. With support from the Computational Thinking Center, a conference concerned with “programming environments for artists, young people, and the rest of us” brought together 15 of the key innovators leading significant revolutions in software-arts education, and provided workshops in 11 different arts-programming languages to an extremely diverse new community of creators.
Education and Scholarly Communications
Surface and Multitouch Moving Forward
Hrvoje Benko, Microsoft Research; Daniel Wigdor, Microsoft; Andy Wilson, Microsoft Research
The Microsoft Surface is being used in some very creative and innovative ways. Discover the potential of this fantastic new platform and see how touch computing can be applied in the future. Microsoft Research and the Microsoft Surface Product Group provide presentations and demos.
Emerging Transformational Changes in Healthcare Computing | slides
Michael Gillam, Microsoft Research
The foundations for the biggest changes in the future of healthcare are being laid in the field of health information technology today. From the emergence of enterprise computational clouds to the fast growing area of personally owned digital health records; this session examines the historic medical trends that are defining the most promising areas for success in healthcare computing today.
Mr. Feynman Wasn’t Joking | slides
Tony Hey, Corporate Vice President, External Research
Mark R. Abbott, Oregon State University
Mark R. Abbott is Dean and Professor in the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University (OSU). He received his B.S. in Conservation of Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1974 and his PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis, in 1978. He has been at OSU since 1988 and has been Dean of the College since 2001.
Dr. Abbott’s research focuses on the interaction of biological and physical processes in the upper ocean and relies on remote sensing and field observations. Dr. Abbott is a pioneer in the use of satellite ocean color data to study coupled physical/biological processes. He advocated the inclusion of chlorophyll fluorescence bands in MODIS (the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on EOS Terra and Aqua) and developed next-generation ocean primary productivity algorithms that used chlorophyll fluorescence data to estimate the physiological health of upper ocean phytoplankton. He is presently funded by the Office of Naval Research to explore advanced computer architectures for use in undersea platforms. Dr. Abbott has also advised the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation on issues regarding advanced computer technology and oceanography.
In 2006, Dr. Abbott was appointed by the President to a six-year term on the National Science Board, which oversees the National Science Foundation and provides scientific advice to the White House and to Congress. Dr. Abbott was appointed in 2008 by Oregon Governor Kulongoski as vice chair of the Oregon Global Warming Commission, which is leading the state’s efforts in mitigation and adaptation strategies in response to climate change.
Sandy J. Andelman, TEAM Network
Sandy Andelman is Vice President and Executive Director of the Tropical Ecology, Assessment, and Monitoring (TEAM) Network, based at Conservation International. She previously served as Deputy Director of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Through her leadership of TEAM, she has pioneered the creation of a global monitoring and forecasting system for biodiversity and ecosystem services—an early warning system for the state of tropical forests worldwide. The TEAM Network is using standardized protocols to provide real time data to understand how tropical forest ecosystems are being impacted by global climate change and land cover change and to improve conservation decisions. Trained as an ecologist (she holds a Ph.D. from the University of Washington), Andelman collaborates with economists, computer scientists, and land-use change modelers. She has led and participated in several multi-million dollar ecoinformatics research projects. Her research is supported by the National Science Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the David and Lucille Packard Foundation, and other public and private sources. Traditionally, ecological studies have involved one or a few scientists working at a single site, making very focused measurements over only a few years. This scientific model is losing relevance in today’s rapidly changing world, where environmental threats made by people happen across very large geographic and temporal scales—magnitudes too large for a single scientist at one site to comprehend. Ecology needs to scale up to provide the knowledge needed to address global climate change and other environmental threats. Andelman wants to help create a new culture of ecology: one that is relevant to our increasingly connected world. She envisions dynamic, diverse networks of scientists that transcend organizational and national boundaries, collaborating across the globe. Using unified methods, innovative informatics, and mobile technologies, she aims to create global public data resources and forecasting and problem-solving tools to tackle some of the world’s most important environmental problems.
Victor Bahl, Microsoft Research
Victor Bahl is a Principal Researcher and founding Manager of the Networking Research Group in Microsoft Research, Redmond. He is responsible for directing research activities that push the state-of-art in the networking of devices and systems. He and his group build proof-of-concept systems, engage with academia, publish papers in prestigious conferences and journals, publish software for the research community, and work with product groups to influence Microsoft products. His personal research interests span a variety of topics in wireless systems design, mobile networking, and network management. He has built and deployed several seminal and highly cited networked systems with a total of more than 7,600 citations. His research has been incorporated into core Microsoft products, industry standards, and numerous non-Microsoft commercial products. He has authored more than 85 papers in highly-selective conferences and 114 patent applications, 60 of which have issued; he has delivered close to two dozen keynote and plenary talks; he is the founder and past Chairperson of ACM SIGMOBILE; the founder and past Editor-in-Chief of ACM Mobile Computing and Communications Review; and the founder and steering committee chair of the Mobile Systems Conference. He has served as the General Chair of several IEEE and ACM conferences including SIGCOMM and MobiCom, and is serving on the steering committees of seven IEEE and ACM conferences and workshop; he has served on the board of more than half-a-dozen journals; on several NSF and NRC panels, and on more than six dozen program committees.
Dr. Bahl received Digital’s Doctoral Engineering Fellowship Award in 1995 and SIGMOBILE’s Distinguished Service Award in 2001. In 2004, Microsoft nominated him for the innovator of the year award. He became an ACM Fellow in 2003 and an IEEE Fellow in 2008. When not working, he loves to read, travel, eat in fine restaurants and spend time drinking with friends and family.
Magdalena Balazinska, University of Washington
Magdalena Balazinska’s research interests are broadly in the fields of databases and distributed systems. Her current research focuses on building data management systems to help us monitor our physical and digital worlds at a fine grain and in real time. To achieve this goal, she is building a stream processing engine that integrates live sensor data with the rich, historical data that accumulates over time. She is also exploring techniques to enable monitoring systems to handle dirty sensor data. She is working in particular with inaccurate and often ambiguous RFID data. Before joining the University of Washington, Magdalena Balazinska received a PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in February 2006 and a B.E and M.S. from École Polytechnique de Montréal in March and May 2000, respectively.
Dennis Baldocchi, University of California–Berkeley
Dennis Baldocchi is a Professor of Biometeorology at the University of California, Berkeley. His research interests are on understanding vegetation-atmosphere interactions, with a specialty on measuring fluxes of carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and energy exchange from leaf to canopy to landscape scales.
He has a PhD from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in Bio-Environmental Engineering, a BS degree from the University of California-Davis in Atmospheric Science, and he is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Society.
Roger Barga, Microsoft Research
Roger Barga is a Principal Architect in Microsoft Research, where he leads the Advanced Research Services and Tools (ARTS) team. The ARTS team is responsible for developing innovative tools and services using Microsoft products and technology to revolutionize and accelerate research, and it provides strategic and tactical hands-on technological leadership to projects across External Research. Roger joined Microsoft in 1997 as a Researcher in the Database Group of Microsoft Research, where he directed both systems research and product development efforts in database, workflow and stream processing systems. He has developed ideas from basic research, through proof of concept prototypes to incubation efforts in product groups.
Gill Bejerano, Stanford University
Gill Bejerano is Assistant Professor of Developmental Biology and Computer Science at Stanford University and is a pioneer of Human Genome research. He is the discoverer of “Ultraconserved Elements”, a human genome phenomenon that defies our understanding of molecular evolution. Gill has also done influential work in applying Markovian models to biosequence analysis. Dr. Bejerano’s lab strives to understand the many thousands of genomic regions involved in gene regulation during human development. Their major interests are to (1) study the origins and evolution of these regions, (2) how they encode their individual as well as combined roles, (3) how they contribute to human disease, and (4) how they contribute to species adaptation.
Hrvoje Benko, Microsoft Research
Hrvoje Benko is a Researcher at Microsoft Research, where he has been working on sensing technologies and novel form factors for surface computing. His interests include touch and gesture-based interfaces, 3D interactions, display technologies, and augmented reality. Prior to joining Microsoft, he completed a BS at Lehigh University in 2001, and a PhD at Columbia University in 2007. Learn more about his work.
Carl Bergstrom, University of Washington
Carl Bergstrom is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Washington, and a member of the External Faculty of the Santa Fe Institute. His research interests range from animal communication to disease evolution to population epigenetics to bibliometrics to whatever the other members of his group are working on at the moment.
Maureen Biggers, Indiana University School of Informatics
Maureen Biggers is the Assistant Dean for Diversity and Education at Indiana University School of Informatics. She holds her bachelor’s degree from the State University of New York-Geneseo and her master’s degree and PhD from the University of Miami. Biggers comes to Indiana University from the College of Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), where she has held the positions of assistant dean for diversity and community, and most recently, director of the Diversity Research Lab. She has extensive experience in research and programs related to the inclusion of women and underrepresented minorities in computing, as well as in student services. Prior to joining Georgia Tech’s College of Computing, Biggers served in various academic administrative and student-focused roles at several well-known universities, including Mercer University and the University of Miami (Florida). She also works extensively on a national level, and currently serves as project manager for the National Science Foundation (NSF) Broadening Participation in Computing Alliance for the Advancement of African-American Researchers in Computing, and as a member of the leadership team for the National Center for Women and Information Technology.
Guy Blelloch, Carnegie Mellon University
Guy Blelloch is a Professor of Computer Science and Associate Dean of Planning at Carnegie Mellon University. He received a BA from Swarthmore College in 1983 and a PhD degree from the Massachusetts of Technology (MIT) in 1988. His research interests are in programming languages and algorithms and how they interact with an emphasis on parallel computation. He worked on one of the early Parallel Machines, the Thinking Machines Connection Machine, where he developed several of the parallel primitives for the machine. At Carnegie Mellon, Blelloch designed and implemented the parallel programming language NESL, a language designed for easily expressing and analyzing parallel algorithms. Other work on parallelism has addressed issues in scheduling, algorithm design, cache efficiency, garbage collection, and synchronization primitives.
Johan Bollen, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Johan Bollen is a staff researcher at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Research Library (Digital Library Research and Prototyping team). He was an Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science of Old Dominion University from 2002 to 2005. His present research interests are usage data mining, computational sociometrics, informetrics, and digital libraries. He has extensively published on these subjects as well as matters relating to adaptive information systems architecture. He is presently the Principal Investigator of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded MESUR project, which aims to develop usage-based metrics of scholarly impact.
Tracy Camp, Colorado School of Mines
Tracy Camp is a Professor of Computer Science at the Colorado School of Mines. She is the Founder and Director of The Toilers, an active ad hoc networks research group. Her current research interests include the credibility of ad hoc network simulation studies and the use of wireless sensor networks in geosystems.
Her articles have been cited more than 2,500 times (as of June 2008). Dr. Camp has received 17 grants from the National Science Foundation. This funding has produced 12 software packages that have been requested from (and shared with) more than 1,300 researchers in 64 countries (as of June 2008). Dr. Camp is an ACM Distinguished Lecturer, an IEEE Senior Member, and an ACM Distinguished Scientist. In December 2007, Dr. Camp received the Board of Trustees Outstanding Faculty Award at the Colorado School of Mines, an award that has been presented only five times between 1998 and 2007. Dr. Camp is currently the elected Treasurer of ACM SIGMOBILE. Dr. Camp is also an NCWIT Seed Fund Award Winner for Inspiring AmbITion.
Ignacio Casas, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
Ignacio Casas is a faculty Professor of Information Technologies at the Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica (PUC) Chile. He graduated in 1976 as a Civil Electrical Engineer from PUC Chile and has a M.Sc. and Ph.D. (1986) in Computer Science from University of Toronto, Canada.His main research interests are in the areas of BDT (Business Driven Technologies) and TEL (Technology Enhanced Learning) environments and tools. He served as CIO at PUC Chile from 1995 to 2005 and is responsible of introducing TEL systems in his university. Ignacio is the Co-Founder and Co-Director of the 12-years-old RELATED network for the development and use of TEL in Latin America, and is the Executive Director of the LACCIR Federation Virtual Institute for the advancement of ICT applied research in the region. He is an active member of IEEE and Colegio de Ingenieros de Chile.
Jeff Chase, Duke University
Jeffrey S. Chase is a Professor at the Department of Computer Science at Duke University. His research with Duke’s Network and Internet Computing Lab deals with efficient and reliable sharing of information and resources in computer networks ranging from clusters to the global Internet. His overall research area is operating systems/distributed systems. His current research focuses primarily on on-demand utility computing. His group also conducts research on network storage, end-system networking, and Internet service infrastructures. He has published more than 80 technical papers in refereed conferences and journals on topics including network storage, I/O prefetching, end-system networking, active storage, utility computing, Internet content distribution, massive-data computing, and automated management of large-scale server infrastructures. He has served on program committees for leading technical conferences in operating systems, distributed computing, file and storage technologies, and Web content delivery.
Trishul Chilimbi, Microsoft Research
Trishul Chilimbi is a senior researcher at Microsoft Research leading the Runtime Analysis and Design (RAD) research group. His areas of interest are programming languages, compilers, runtime systems, computer architecture, and parallel and distributed systems. He is currently focused on improving the performance and energy-efficiency of Web services both from a client and data center perspective.
Fred Chong, University of California at Santa Barbara
Fred Chong is Director of the Computer Engineering Program and Professor at the Department of Computer Science, University of California at Santa Barbara. He received his BS (1990), MS (1992), and PhD (1996) degrees in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His current work focuses on architectures and applications for novel computing technologies, including Energy-Efficient Computing, Next-Generation Embedded Architectures, Quantum Computing Architectures and Hardware Support for System Security.
Roger B. Dannenberg, Carnegie Mellon University
Dr. Roger B. Dannenberg is an Associate Research Professor in the Schools of Computer Science and Art at Carnegie Mellon University, where he is also a fellow of the Studio for Creative Inquiry. Dannenberg is well known for his computer music research, especially in real-time interactive systems. His pioneering work in computer accompaniment led to three patents and the SmartMusic system now used by more than 100,000 music students. He is also co-designer of the Audacity audio editor. He played a central role in the development of the Piano Tutor, an intelligent, interactive, automated multimedia tutor that enables a student to obtain first-year piano proficiency in less than 20 hours. Dannenberg held a patent for large-scale interactive games controlled by crowd noise, and these “stadium games” have entertained many U.S. National Football League (NFL) fans. Other innovations include the application of machine learning to music style classification and the automation of music structure analysis. As a trumpet player, he has performed in concert halls ranging from the historic Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York City, to the Espace de Projection at the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM), and he is active in performing jazz, classical, and new works. His compositions have been performed by the Pittsburgh New Music Ensemble, the Pittsburgh Symphony, and at festivals such as the Foro de Musica Nueva, Callejon del Ruido, Spring in Havana, the International Computer Music Conference, and the Conference on World Affairs.
John D. Davis, Microsoft Research
John D. Davis is a Researcher in Microsoft Research’s Silicon Valley lab. His research interests include computer architecture, large-scale computing systems, embedded systems, non-volatile memory, application behavior and performance tuning, and hardware-software co-design and interaction. He received his BS in Computer Science and Engineering from the University of Washington. He later spent two years as a faculty research assistant for the Computer Science department at the University of Maryland in College Park. Simultaneously, John worked on various bioinformatics projects at Johns Hopkins Medical Institute for the Department of Pathology. While pursuing his doctorate degree at Stanford, he also spent three years working on performance prediction in the Niagara Architecture Performance Group for Sun Microsystems. He received an MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.
Jeff Dozier, University of California–Santa Barbara
Jeff Dozier is a Professor in the Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he has taught since 1974 after earning his PhD from the University of Michigan. He founded the Bren School and served as its first dean for six years. His research interests are in the fields of snow hydrology, Earth system science, remote sensing, and information systems. He has led interdisciplinary studies in two areas: one addresses hydrologic science, environmental engineering, and social science in the water environment; the other is in the integration of environmental science and remote sensing with computer science and technology. From 1990 to 1992, he was the Senior Project Scientist for NASA’s Earth Observing System when the configuration for the system was established, and he helped found the MEDEA group, which investigates the use of classified data for environmental research and monitoring. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an Honorary Professor of the Academia Sinica, and a recipient of both the NASA/Department of Interior William T. Pecora Award and the NASA Public Service Medal.
Carla Ellis, Duke University
Carla Schlatter Ellis is a Professor Emerita of Computer Science at Duke University. She received her PhD degree in Computer Science from the University of Washington, Seattle, in 1979. Before coming to Duke as an Associate Professor in 1986, she was a member of the Computer Science faculties at the University of Oregon, Eugene, from 1978 to 1980, and at the University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, from 1980 to 1986.She has served on the board of the Computing Research Association (CRA) and is a member of the CRA Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Research (CRA-W), past Co-Chair of the Academic Alliance of the National Center for Women and IT (NCWIT), and Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Computing Systems. Her research interests are in operating systems, mobile computing, and sensor networks.
Chris Franz, Microsoft
Chris Franz is User Experience Manager for Microsoft Learning, a Microsoft group that develops training for professionals who support, implement, and develop solutions by using Microsoft technologies. Chris combines his experience as a teacher, instructional designer, and software program manager to design virtual environments for learning, interactive games, e-learning interfaces, and classroom board games. His academic background includes an MA in Psychology and MA in Communication and Information Science.
Dennis Gannon, Microsoft Research
Dennis Gannon is the Director of Applications for the CloudComputing Futures Group. Prior to joining Microsoft,Dennis was a professor of Computer Science at Indiana University and the Science Director for the Indiana Pervasive Technology Labs and, for seven years, Chair of the Department of Computer Science. His research interests include large-scale cyberinfrastructure, programming systems and tools, distributed computing, computer networks, parallel programming, computational science, problem solving environments, and performance analysis of Grid and MPP systems. Dennis led the DARPA HPC++ project and was one of the architects of the Department of Energy SciDAC Common Software Component Architecture (CCA).He was a partner in the NSF Computational Cosmology Grand Challenge project, the NSF Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery and the NCSA Alliance. Dennis also served on the steering committee of the GGF, now the Open Grid Forum; and the Executive Steering Committee of the NSF Teragrid, where he managed the TeraGrid Science Advisory Board.
Michael Gillam, Microsoft Research
Michael Gillam, MD, is Director of the Microsoft Medical Media Lab (M3 Lab), an incubation lab for next generation healthcare informatics technology, which is part of the Health Solutions Group at Microsoft. He is a board-certified emergency medicine physician who completed his residency training at Northwestern University. Dr. Gillam was Director of Research for Azyxxi, which was acquired by Microsoft in 2007 and is now marketed under the Amalga™ trademark. Prior to Microsoft, he served as Director of Research for the National Institute for Medical Informatics in Washington, D.C. Dr. Gillam also served as the Informatics Director for the Department of Emergency Medicine at Evanston Northwestern Healthcare and taught at Northwestern University School of Medicine. Dr. Gillam is a published author in a number of peer-reviewed journals and dozens of conference abstracts. He is frequently invited to lecture at national conferences, speaking on emerging technologies in medical informatics. Dr. Gillam has directed projects spanning technologies including advanced data visualization, biosurveillance, electronic documentation, RFID tracking, automated patient facial image capture, enterprise search in healthcare, gesture based interface control, augmented and virtual reality, and medical robotics.
Rajesh Gupta, University of California–San Diego
Rajesh Gupta is a Professor and holder of the QUALCOMM Endowed Chair in Embedded Microsystems in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at University of California, San Diego. He received his Bachelor of Technology degree in Electrical Engineering from IIT Kanpur, India, in 1984, his MS degree in EECS from University of California, Berkeley, in 1986, and his PhD in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in 1994. Earlier, he worked as a circuit designer at Intel Corporation, Santa Clara, California, as a member of three successful processor design teams; and on the Computer Science faculty at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and University of California, Irvine.
His current research is focused on energy efficient and mobile computing issues in embedded systems. He is author/co-author of more than 150 articles on various aspects of embedded systems and design automation and four patents on PLL design, data-path synthesis and system-on-chip modeling. Gupta is a recipient of the Chancellor’s Fellow at University of California, Irvine, UCI Chancellor’s Award for excellence in undergraduate research, National Science Foundation CAREER Award, two Departmental Achievement Awards and a Components Research Team Award at Intel. Gupta served as founding Chair of the ACM/IEEE Conference on Models and Methods in Codesign (MEMOCODE) and founding Co-Chair of ACM/IEEE/IFIP Conference on Codesign and System Synthesis (CODES+ISSS). Gupta is Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Design and Test of Computers and serves on the editorial boards of IEEE Transactions on CAD and IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing. He serves as the Vice President of Publications of the IEEE Council on Electronic Design Automation (CEDA). Gupta is a Fellow of the IEEE and a distinguished lecturer for the ACM/SIGDA and the IEEE CAS Society.
Mark Guzdial, Georgia Institute of Technology
Mark Guzdial is a professor in the School of Interactive Computing in the College of Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology. His research interests are in learning sciences and technologies (especially computer-supported collaborative learning) and computing education research. He directs the National Science Foundation (NSF) Broadening Participation in Computing Alliance “Georgia Computes!” whose goal is to improve computing education from middle school through undergraduate across the state of Georgia, United States. He is the developer of the Media Computation approach to introductory computing, and with his collaborator, Barbara Ericson, he has written three textbooks supporting the approach. Dr. Guzdial has a joint Ph.D. in Education and Computer Science & Engineering from the University of Michigan. Before starting his Ph.D., he was a member of technical staff at Bellcore. He currently serves as the Vice-Chair of the ACM Education Board, and is a member of the leadership team for the National Center for Women in IT (NCWIT).
Gillian Hayes, University of California–Irvine
Gillian Hayes is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Informatics at the University of California, Irvine. She received her PhD from the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). Her research is in Human Computer Interaction, with emphases on ubiquitous computing and computer supported cooperative work. She focuses on recording technologies for education and healthcare, investigating issues of usability, usefulness, and social impact of technology on feelings about surveillance, privacy, and control of data. Hayes is a recent NCWIT Seed Fund Award Winner for “Harnessing Hacking: Encouraging Inclusion through Creativity in IT Education for Latina Youth.”
Jane Hunter, University of Queensland
Jane Hunter is Professor of eResearch at the University of Queensland, Australia, where she leads a research group that is developing tools and services for large-scale scientific data management. She currently works with networks of environmental scientists, molecular-biologists, social scientists, art conservators, and literature scholars on innovative approaches to data sharing, integration, analysis, visualization, and preservation. She has published more than 80 peer-reviewed papers, is on the editorial board of the International Journal of Digital Curation, IEEE Multimedia, and the Journal of Web Semantics. She is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee for Data in Science and the National eResearch Architecture Taskforce.
Wen-mei W. Hwu, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
Wen-mei W. Hwu is a Professor and holds the Walter J. (“Jerry”) Sanders III-Advanced Micro Devices Endowed Chair in Electrical and Computer Engineering of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research interests are in the area of architecture, implementation, and compilation for parallel computer systems. He is the director of the IMPACT research group. For his contributions in research and teaching, he received the ACM SigArch Maurice Wilkes Award, the ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award, the Tau Beta Pi Daniel C. Drucker Eminent Faculty Award, and the ISCA Most Influential Paper Award. He is a fellow of IEEE and ACM. Hwu serves on the Executive Committee of the MARCO/DARPA C2S2 and GSRC Focus Research Centers. He leads the GSRC Concurrent Systems Theme. He is the hardware lead of the US$208 million National Science Foundation (NSF) Petascale Computer Project awarded to the University of Illinois and IBM in 2007. He directs the world’s first CUDA Center of Excellence funded by NVIDIA and co-directs the Intel-Microsoft UIUC UPCRC with Marc Snir. Dr. Hwu received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley.
Trey Ideker, University of California–San Diego
Trey Ideker, PhD, is Chief of Genetics at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine. He also serves as Associate Professor of Bioengineering, Adjunct Professor of Computer Science and Member of the Moores UCSD Cancer Center. Ideker received bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and his PhD from the University of Washington in Molecular Biology under the supervision of Dr. Leroy Hood. He is a pioneer in using genome-scale measurements to construct network models of cellular processes and disease. His recent research activities include assembly of networks governing the response to DNA damage, development of software for protein network cross-species comparisons, and network-based diagnosis of disease. Ideker serves on the Editorial Boards for Bioinformatics and PLoS Computational Biology, Board of Directors for US-HUPO and the Cytoscape Consortium, and is a regular consultant for companies such as Monsanto, Genstruct, and Mendel Biotechnology. He was named one of the Top 10 Innovators of 2006 by Technology Review magazine and is this year’s recipient of the Overton Price from the International Society for Computational Biology. His work has been featured in news outlets such as The Scientist, The San Diego Union-Tribune, and Forbes magazine.
Mark Jacobson, Stanford University
Mark Jacobson is Director of the Atmosphere/Energy Program and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University. He is also Professor of Energy Resources Engineering, by courtesy and Senior Fellow of the Woods Institute for the Environment, by courtesy. He received a B.S. in Civil Engineering with distinction, an A.B. in Economics with distinction, and an M.S. in Environmental Engineering from Stanford University, in 1988. He received an M.S. in Atmospheric Sciences in 1991 and a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences in 1994 from University of California, Los Angeles. He has been on the faculty at Stanford since 1994.
His work relates to the development and application of numerical models to understand better the effects of energy systems and vehicles on climate and air pollution and the analysis of renewable energy resources. He has published two textbooks, Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modeling and Atmospheric Pollution: History, Science, and Regulation, and more than 80 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles. He received the 2005 American Meteorological Society Henry G. Houghton Award for “significant contributions to modeling aerosol chemistry and to understanding the role of soot and other carbon particles on climate.” His paper, “Effects of ethanol versus gasoline on cancer and mortality in the United States” was the top-accessed article in the journal, Environmental Science & Technology from April to September, 2007. His paper, “On the causal link between carbon dioxide and air pollution mortality,” was one of the top three most popular scientific studies of 2008, according to Environmental Research Web. His recent paper, “Review of solutions to global warming, air pollution, and energy security” was the top-downloaded article for the journal Energy & Environmental Science in March 2009, with more than 4,000 downloads.
Harold Javid, Microsoft Research
Harold Javid’s original field of investigation was optimization and nonlinear control system design. He earned his BS, MS and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. Upon completing his Ph.D., he chose to move directly to industry in order to follow his passion for applying theory to significant practical problems. Examples of his results while working at Systems Control, Inc. in Palo Alto, California, and GE in Schenectady, New York, include Markov chain based dynamic optimization algorithms for hydroelectric power scheduling for public utilities in Colombia, real-time feedback control of steam turbines and coal gasification systems. In 1984, Harold became Director of Electronics for Acrowood Corporation where he led efforts to create real-time embedded optimizers and nuclear instruments for use in the lumber and pulp and paper industries. In 1988, he joined the Research and Technology Group in the Boeing Company where he led teams involved in developing industrial simulation tools. In 1998, Dr. Javid joined Microsoft as Group Manager for Visual C++ Support. After enjoying a number of different opportunities to exercise his managerial skill at Microsoft, Harold happily joined Microsoft Research where has enjoyed the sweet intersection of technical interests and program management activities. As Director of External Research Global Programs, he is focused on bringing synergy to Microsoft External Research’s global talent investment activities.
Michael Kane, Purdue University
Dr. Kane is an Associate Professor in the Department of Computer and Information Technology at Purdue University, and serves as the Lead Genomic Scientist in the Bindley Bioscience Center at Purdue University’s Discovery Park, with more than 20 years experience in genomics and bioinformatics. He earned a PhD in Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology from Purdue University, and has experience in the pharmaceutical industry investigating the molecular and physiological aspects of drug metabolism and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as biotechnology industry experience in the development and utilization of DNA microarray technology in support of drug discovery and disease characterization.
Yasushi Kiyoki, Keio University
Yasushi Kiyoki received his B.E., M.E. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Keio University in 1978, 1980 and 1983, respectively. In 1983 and 1984, he worked at Electrical and Communication Laboratory of NTT. From 1984 to 1996, he was with the Institute of Information Sciences and Electronics, University of Tsukuba, as an Assistant Professor and then an Associate Professor. Since 1996, he has been with the Department of Environmental Information at Keio University, where he is currently a Professor. His research addresses multi-database systems, knowledge base systems, semantic associative processing, and multimedia database systems. He serves as the Editor-in-Chief on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (IOS Press) and on Transactions on Databases in Information Processing Society of Japan. He has also served as the program chair for several international conferences such as the 7th International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications and the European-Japanese Conferences on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (2004 – present).
Robert Kleinberg, Cornell University
Robert Kleinberg is an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Cornell University, where he joined the faculty in 2006. His research studies the design and analysis of algorithms, and their applications to networking, electronic commerce, information retrieval, and other areas. Prior to receiving his doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Kleinberg spent three years at Akamai Technologies, where he assisted in designing the world’s largest Internet Content Delivery Network. He is the recipient of a Microsoft Research New Faculty Fellowship, an NSF CAREER Award, and an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship.
Christopher James Langmead, Carnegie Mellon University
Christopher James Langmead holds an undergraduate degree in Computer Music and Composition from the Oberlin Conservatory of Music, a Master’s Degree in Computer Music and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Dartmouth. His research is now in Computational Biology, where he develops and applies a combination of techniques from Machine Learning and Model Checking to reason about the dynamics of complex systems.
Peter Lee, Carnegie Mellon University
Peter Lee is a Professor and Head of the Computer Science Department at Carnegie Mellon University. His research contributions are in areas related to the foundations of software reliability, program analysis, security, and language design. A Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, and Chair of the Board of Directors of the Computing Research Association, Peter Lee is called upon in diverse venues as a contributor in research, education, and policy making.
Sang Yup Lee, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Dr. Sang Yup Lee is Distinguished Professor and LG Chem Chair Professor at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). He is currently the Dean of College of Life Science and Bioengineering, Director of Center for Systems and Synthetic Biotechnology, Director of BioProcess Engineering Research Center, and Director of Bioinformatics Research Center. He has published 290 journal papers, 43 books/book chapters, and more than 400 patents—either registered or applied. He received numerous awards, including the National Order of Merit, Merck Metabolic Engineering Award from Merck, and Elmer Gaden Award from Biotechnology and Bioengineering. He is currently Fellow of AAAS, Fellow of American Academy of Microbiology, Fellow of Korean Academy of Science and Technology, Editor-in-Chief of Biotechnology Journal, and Associate Editor and board member of numerous journals. His research interests are systems biology and biotechnology, industrial biotechnology, metabolic engineering, and nanobiotechnology.
Cynthia LeRouge, Saint Louis University
Cynthia LeRouge, PhD, CPA is an Associate Professor at Saint Louis University in the Decision Sciences and Information Technology Management Department. She holds a joint appointment in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the School of Public Health, Saint Louis University. Dr. LeRouge has been recognized with teaching, research, and service awards. Her current research interests relate to health care information systems, and in particular telemedicine and consumer health informatics. She has more than 60 publications including academic journal articles, edited chapters in research-based books, and peer-reviewed conference proceedings. Dr. LeRouge has co-chaired health care mini-tracks for various information systems conferences. For the last year, she has actively worked as an executive board member of the Association of Information Systems special interest group for Healthcare Research and currently serves as the Chair. Dr. LeRouge has held various senior management roles in practice including roles in the software and healthcare industries prior to joining academe. She completed her PhD at the University of South Florida.
Golan Levin, Carnegie Mellon University
Golan Levin is an artist, engineer, and educator who is interested in new modes of interactive communication. Levin’s pedagogy seeks to give artists the confidence to program their own software creations from first principles, while offering scientists and engineers an opportunity to discover computation as a medium of personal expression. Levin’s classes focus on significant themes in contemporary electronic media arts, such as interaction design, form synthesis, digital fabrication, information visualization, and audiovisual performance. These function as “studio art courses in computer science,” in which the objective is to produce personally and socially relevant expressions, but the medium is software created by the students themselves. Levin’s own research investigates formal languages for visualization and interactivity; through performances, artifacts, and online environments, Levin applies creative twists to digital technologies that highlight our relationship with machines and make visible our ways of interacting with each other. At Carnegie Mellon University, Levin is Associate Professor of Electronic Art and Director of the STUDIO for Creative Inquiry, a meta-laboratory that supports atypical, interdisciplinary, and inter-institutional research.
Philip Levis, Stanford University
Philip Levis is an Assistant Professor in the Departments of Computer Science and Engineering at Stanford University. He researches software and networking for tiny, low-power, wireless sensors. He focuses on making these networks of sensors easier to deploy and maintain by researching ultra-simple algorithms that use robust local rules to achieve desirable global behaviors. Software he develops is used by hundreds of research groups worldwide and runs on millions of nodes.
Jennifer Listgarten, Microsoft Research
Jennifer Listgarten is a Researcher in the eScience group at Microsoft Research. Her work focuses on the development and application of novel statistical and machine learning methods for the analysis of high-throughput, biologically-based data, with particular focuses, past and present, including microarray expression, mass spectrometry-based proteomics, HIV vaccine research, transplantation, and genetics. Prior to joining Microsoft, Jennifer completed a PhD in Computer Science at the University of Toronto.
David Lobell, Stanford University
David Lobell is a Senior Research Scholar in the Program on Food Security and Environment. His research focuses on quantifying the risks that climate changes pose to crop production and food security, and identifying attractive adaptation options that can reduce these risks. This work includes modeling climate changes in agricultural regions, particularly the changes resulting from land use activities, and modeling the response of cropping systems to climate.
A second area of active research is the application of remote sensing, GIS, crop models, and climate forecasts to agricultural decision making at a range of spatial scales. Much of this research is aimed at identifying opportunities for reducing the gap between average and potential yields in major agricultural regions. His current remote sensing projects include studies in Northwest and Central Mexico, the Northern Great Plains, and South Asia.
Prior to his current appointment, Dr. Lobell was a Lawrence Post-doctoral Fellow at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 2005 to 2007. In addition to the Lawrence Fellowship, he is a past recipient of EPA, NASA, and NSF Graduate Research Fellowships. He received a PhD in Geological and Environmental Sciences from Stanford University in 2005, and a Sc.B. in Applied Mathematics, Magna Cum Laude, from Brown University in 2000.
Jiao (Maggie) Ma, Saint Louis University
Jiao (Maggie) Ma received a PhD and MS in Human Factors Engineering/Industrial Engineering from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 2005 and 2002, respectively. Her research interests are in Human Factors Engineering, specifically, aviation human factors, user-centered design in aviation and healthcare, and human error investigation. Currently, Dr. Ma is the Principal Investigator for a Microsoft Research-funded project titled, “Use Smart Phones to Promote Diabetes Self-Management: Robust Elderly in Urban and Rural China.” She also leads a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-funded research project on expanding the Line Operations Safety Audits (LOSA) from flight operations to aviation maintenance and ramp operations domains. Previously, Dr. Ma received funding from the National Cancer Institute, Anthems/WellPoint Inc., and Saint Louis University. She has produced more than 25 peer-reviewed journal/proceeding papers and FAA technical reports. As an assistant professor, Dr. Ma currently teaches undergraduate courses in flight science and aviation management and graduate courses in aviation safety management.
Tom McMail, Microsoft Research
Tom McMail is passionate about innovation, education, and technology as means for improving the human condition. After his first university training (in Psychology and Psycholinguistics), he taught and later became a social worker, recruiting students for Head Start, engaging with severely disadvantaged rural populations. He has also worked as a professional musician and composer, plays more than 20 instruments and has taught improvisation, as well as music theory and composition. After returning to school for a degree in Computer Science, he worked in the electronic gaming industry and later became a producer and developer of educational software. He has spent more than 12 years at Microsoft in a variety of roles. At MSN, he was responsible for introducing new technologies and techniques in support of worldwide Internet events and also created innovative plans for online community. After joining Microsoft Research, he transformed his outreach team by redirecting their regional efforts in technology deployment through a more strategic approach, by directly addressing academic concerns about declining enrollments, gender disparity, and software security as well as other issues. He introduced Tablet PCs to universities, driving experimentation to find best uses of technology to transform education. He was instrumental in introducing programs by employing both Gaming and Robotics as change agents for reinvigorating curriculum in computer science, thereby greatly increasing student interest in computing careers and education.
At Microsoft Research in the External Research group, Tom is currently responsible for External Research programs in North America.
Jennifer Michelstein, Microsoft
Jennifer joined Microsoft in 2003 after graduating from Yale University. She spent four years as a Program Manager on the Microsoft Office Word team, creating new features (equations and bibliographies) for the academic community. For the past two years, Jennifer has worked as a Program Manager in Office Labs, where she prototypes concepts that may boost productivity. Her current project, Skill Tracker, explores whether elements of game play inside of Office can motivate users to learn more features and explore more of the application’s capabilities.
Jane Ohlmeyer, Trinity College–Dublin
Jane Ohlmeyer is Erasmus Smith’s Professor of Modern History at Trinity College, Dublin. She is an expert on the New British and Atlantic Histories and has published widely on a number of themes in early modern Irish and British history. Her books include Civil War and Restoration in the Three Stuart Kingdoms (Cambridge, 1993), Ireland from Independence to Occupation, 1641-1660 (editor, Cambridge, 1995), and Political Thought in Seventeenth-Century Ireland (editor, Cambridge, 2000). She is currently writing a book on the Irish peerage in the seventeenth century for Yale University Press. Professor Ohlmeyer has considerable expertise in overseeing major editorial projects and helped to secure funding for the digitization and online publication of the ‘1641 Depositions’. She is also the Principal Investigator for the Trinity College Dublin element of ‘Humanities Serving Irish Society, which was awarded €10.78M as part of the Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions (PRTLI 4). She chairs the Irish Manuscripts Commission’s Digitization Taskforce and the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences-Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities [DARIAH] committee. She is the Irish representative on DARIAH, the European Digital Libraries and on the European Strategic Framework for Research Infrastructures, Humanities and Social Sciences working group.
David Patterson, University of California–Berkeley
David Patterson was the first in his family to graduate from college and he enjoyed it so much that he did not stop until he received a PhD (University of California, Los Angeles, 1976). He then joined University of California, Berkeley, where he and his colleagues developed Reduced Instruction Set Computers (RISC), Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID), and Network of Workstations (NOW). He was elected Chair of the Computer Research Association and President of the Association for Computing Machinery and served as Chair of Berkeley’s Computer Science Division. He is currently Director of both the Reliable Adaptive Distributed systems. He has published about 200 papers and 5 books, and he has been awarded 30 honors for research, teaching, and service, including election to the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Silicon Valley Engineering Hall of Fame. He was named a Fellow of the Computer History Museum, ACM, IEEE, and both AAAS organizations.
Ken Perlin, New York University
Ken Perlin is a professor in the Department of Computer Science at New York University (NYU), directs the NYU Games For Learning Institute. He was also Founding Director of the Media Research Laboratory and Director of the NYU Center for Advanced Technology. His research interests include graphics, animation, user interfaces, science education, and multimedia. He received an Academy Award for Technical Achievement from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for his noise and turbulence procedural texturing techniques, which are widely used in feature films and television; the 2008 ACM/SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics Achievement Award; the TrapCode award for achievement in computer graphics research; the New York City Mayor’s award for excellence in Science and Technology; the Sokol award for outstanding Science faculty at NYU; and a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation. He has also been a featured artist at the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Dr. Perlin received his PhD in Computer Science from New York University, and a BA in theoretical mathematics from Harvard University. Before working at NYU, he was Head of Software Development at R/GREENBERG Associates in New York, New York. Prior to that, he was the System Architect for computer-generated animation at Mathematical Applications Group, Inc. He has served on the Board of Directors of the New York chapter of ACM/SIGGRAPH, and currently serves on the Board of Directors of the New York Software Industry Association.
Michael Platt, Microsoft
Based in Microsoft’s Platform Evangelism Group in Redmond, Washington, Michael Platt is Senior Director of Mobility Evangelism and responsible for setting the Microsoft mobility strategy for developers worldwide. He has extensive experience in the architecture and development of mobility applications and solutions in both developed and emerging markets. A 15-year Microsoft veteran, Michael has more than 35 years of experience in the IT industry with IBM and Microsoft in research, design, development, pre-sales, and consultancy positions. He has extensive design, architecture, speaking, and presentation experience with Fortune 100 companies, at Microsoft events such as Tech Ed, Professional Developers Conference, and strategic architect forums and industry events. Michael’s present focus is on providing a comprehensive end-to-end mobile platform for developers in developed and emerging markets.
Rita Powell, University of Pennsylvania
Associate Director of Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania, Rita M. Powell earned the EdD in Higher Education Management from the University of Pennsylvania in 2005. Her thesis, Sundials in the Shade: a Study of Women’s Persistence in the First Year of an Undergraduate Computer Science Program in a Selective University, took a qualitative, ethnographic approach to investigating women’s experiences, satisfaction, and persistence in the computer science major. Powell develops and implements educational initiatives to enhance student learning and conducts research in education in the Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania. Powell also mentors the Women in Computer Science (undergraduate) and the CISters (graduate) organizations. Powell is a National Center for Women & Information Technology (NCWIT) Seed Fund Award Winner for Women in Computer Science Outreach to High School Girls.
Ellen Prager, Earth2Ocean, Inc.
President of Earth2Ocean, Inc., Dr. Prager is a well-respected marine scientist and author, widely recognized for her expertise and ability to bring science to the laymen. She is the chief scientist for the Aquarius Reef Base program in Key Largo, Florida, which includes the world’s only undersea research station; a freelance writer; and consultant for clients such as the world-renowned Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science at the University of Miami, the President’s U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, and Celebrity Cruise Lines. Dr. Prager has built a national reputation as a scientist and spokesperson on earth and ocean science issues and is a sought-after speaker for public-oriented events and as an expert by the media. She has appeared on “The Today Show,” “Good Morning America,” Fox News, CBS’ “The Early Show” and news, “CNN American Morning,” “Larry King Live,” and “Lou Dobbs Tonight.” Dr. Prager was also featured in an ABC News Special, “Planet Earth; Miami’s NBC EcoWatch Coral Crisis;” and has been in shows for the Discovery Channel.
Dr. Prager focuses much of her time on bringing earth and ocean science to the public through writing, working with the media, creating innovative partnerships, and special events. About her latest book, just published by the University of Chicago Press, Chasing Science at Sea: Racing hurricanes, stalking sharks, and living undersea with ocean experts, an early reviewer wrote, “As an unorthodox handbook for would-be ocean scientists, this title is invaluable.” She has written articles for scientific journals, public-oriented magazines, and several other books including Furious Earth: The Science and Nature of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis and The Oceans both published by McGraw-Hill. Comments on The Oceans have been superb: Jean-Michel Cousteau describes it as a “must have” for all those interested in the oceans. Dr. Prager has also published a series of children’s books with the National Geographic Society, the first SAND received the 2000 Parents Choice Award, Volcano was released in September 2001, and Earthquakes in March of 2002. She has also published a children’s fiction novel, Adventure on Dolphin Island.
Dr. Prager has participated in research expeditions to places such as the Galapagos Islands, Papua New Guinea, Caribbean, Bahamas, and the deep waters of the Florida Reef tract. She obtained a BA from Wesleyan University, Connecticut; an MS from the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; and in 1992, a PhD from Louisiana State University.
In 1992, as a faculty scientist at Sea Education Association (SEA) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, Dr. Prager taught oceanography to undergraduates, teachers, and senior citizens in a unique educational program in which classroom learning is supplemented by extensive hands-on experience in oceanographic research at sea. She left SEA in 1995 to become the resident director of the National Undersea Research Center in the Bahamas. In 1997, she joined the U.S. Geological Survey where she split her time between scientific research in marine geology, oceanography, and coral reefs and public education. During 1998, the International Year of the Ocean (YOTO), Dr. Prager co-chaired the subcommittee on research, exploration, and education for the National Ocean Conference presided by the President and Vice President. In 2000, she became the Assistant Dean at the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; she remains an adjunct faculty member at the school. She is a frequently requested speaker at aquariums, national meetings, and schools. Dr. Prager was a member and then Chairman of the Ocean Research and Resources Advisory Panel for the federal government and was hired by the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy to help write their report to Congress and the President submitted in 2004. She continues to focus her efforts on developing innovative ways to share her passion for the oceans and the environment with others.
Tara Prakriya, Microsoft
Tara Prakriya joined Microsoft in 1997 to work on the MSN platform. She led early adoption of the Microsoft .NET Framework as the Product Unit Manager of the content management platform. She was also a Program Manager for the ad system and the content and user data warehouse. Ms. Prakriya joined the Windows group in 2002, where she was the Product Unit Manager for Mobile PCs in Windows Vista and then the Product Unit Manager for Tablet PC in Windows Vista. She then turned to incubating education products for emerging markets. Projects ranged from solutions for K-12 schools to distance skills training in the private sector. Ms. Prakriya is currently the General Manager for Microsoft’s Technical Strategy Group. Previously, she worked at Merck & Company’s U.S. Human Health Division IT focusing on financial data warehousing.
Jaime Puente, Microsoft Research
Jaime Puente is a Senior Research Program Manager of Microsoft External Research and is responsible for Microsoft Research’s external engagement in Latin America and the Caribbean. Microsoft External Research is a key part of the Microsoft Research program and works closely with academia, governments, and research institutions to help solve some of the world’s most challenging scientific and social problems. Prior to joining Microsoft Research, Jaime spent 13 years as a faculty member in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL) in Ecuador. Jaime Puente was a Fulbright Scholar for his early engagement with academia. It was during his time as a Fulbright Scholar that he started to lecture and conduct research in a wide variety of academic and professional fields exploring how academia and industry needs intersect. His educational background includes a Master of Science in Computer Engineering from Iowa State University, and a Masters of Business Administration and an Electronics Engineering degree both from ESPOL in Ecuador. Jaime Puente is currently a doctoral student in the Graduate School of Computer and Information Sciences at NOVA Southeastern University in Florida, United States. His main research interests are in computing for the developing world and educational technologies.
Raul Ruggia, University of La Republica
Raul Ruggia is a Computer Engineer (University of the Republic – Uruguay) and received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Paris VI (France). He works as Professor at the Computer Science Department of the University of the Republic of Uruguay, where he lectures on Information Systems, supervises graduate students, and currently directs research projects on Data Quality Management, Bio-Informatics, and Interoperability. Formerly, he worked on design tools and data warehousing areas, participating in Latin-American projects (Prosul), Ibero-American projects (CYTED), and European projects (UE @LIS program). He has also supervised technological projects on environmental and telecommunications domains, jointly with Uruguayan government agencies.
Peter A. Seligmann, Conservation International
Peter Seligmann is one of today’s most dynamic leaders in the global conservation movement, where he has brought innovation and action to the forefront of biodiversity protection for more than 25 years. In 1987, he co-founded Conservation International (CI), and as Chairman and CEO, he has positioned CI at the cutting edge of conservation, creating lasting solutions to biodiversity and sustainable development challenges.
Seligmann holds a master’s degree from Yale University’s School of Forestry and Environmental Science and honorary doctorates in Science from Michigan State University and Rutgers University. In 2001, he was awarded the Order of the Golden Ark from the Netherlands. Seligmann serves on the board of the Wild Salmon Center in Portland, Oregon, and the Mayor’s Environmental Council in Washington, D.C. He also serves on several corporate boards, as well as on the advisory councils of the Jackson Hole Land Trust, Ecotrust, and other not-for-profit organizations, including the Japanese Keidanren’s Nature Conservation Fund. In 2000, President Clinton named him a member of the Enterprise for the Americas Board.
Seligmann’s work has been featured by ABC’s “Nightline,” CNN, and Fortune magazine. A strong advocate of building partnerships, Seligmann has forged groundbreaking joint projects between the environmental community and other sectors, including government and industry. In 1998, Conservation International established the Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, and in 2001, the Center for Environmental Leadership in Business. In 2000, CI launched the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund in collaboration with the World Bank and the MacArthur Foundation.
Under Seligmann’s leadership, CI has pioneered conservation tools that are economically sound, scientifically based, and culturally sensitive. He has guided CI to become a major international conservation leader, with field offices in more than 30 countries, and major influences in science and business.
Ross Smith, Microsoft
Director of Test, Windows Core Security, Microsoft Corporation, Ross Smith began his Microsoft career in Product Support in 1991 and has been a test lead, test manager, and test architect. He is experimenting with how gaming can improve productivity among next-generation workers, and the impact of games and social networking tools on management education and requisite skills for new managers. His work has been mentioned in The Economist and in the recent book, Changing the Game: How Video Games are Transforming the Future of Business.
Lolan Song, Microsoft Research
Senior Director, University Relations, Microsoft Research Asia, Lolan Song started her career at Microsoft in Redmond, Washington, more than ten years ago as a systems engineer. She then moved to Tokyo to cover Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong SAR. Lolan was responsible for various mission-critical business application systems including sales, marketing, customer support, human resources, and operations. She successfully managed a number of key projects and earned solid technical and managerial experience. Lolan built a regional IT team from scratch. She recruited people, made IT strategic plans to support Microsoft business rapid growth, and managed a multi-million-dollar budget. Lolan was promoted to senior regional IT manager to cover 12 subsidiaries in Asia before she moved back to Redmond in 1999.
As a Senior Program Manager in Redmond, Lolan managed systems design, development, testing, and operations support for a key system used by Microsoft.com, one of the busiest corporate Web sites in the world. Later, a Senior Business Manager, Lolan managed the global technical community initiative. She worked with teams based in Asia, the Europe and Middle East region, and Latin America to extend the Most Valuable Professional (MVP) program to the world and make the program one of the most successful in the global technical communities.
After 19 years living abroad, Lolan Song returned to Beijing in August 2004 as the University Relations Director for Microsoft Research Asia, making her responsible for University Relations in the entire Asia region. Lolan is very passionate about her work. She wants to devote her energy and experience to help younger generations reach their full potential.
Desney Tan, Microsoft Research
Desney Tan is a Researcher in the Visualization and Interaction Area at Microsoft Research, where he manages the Computational User Experiences group. He also holds an affiliate faculty appointment in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington, Seattle.
Desney’s research interests include Human-Computer Interaction and Physiological Computing. He spends much of his time applying signal processing and machine learning to recognizing noisy signals, specifically those in or on the human body, and using them in interesting ways. However, his research interests are wide reaching and he has worked on projects in many other domains.
Desney received his Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering from the University of Notre Dame (Indiana) in 1996, after which he spent a couple of years building bridges and blowing things up in the Singapore Armed Forces. He later returned to Carnegie Mellon University, where he worked with Randy Pausch and earned his PhD in Computer Science in 2004. In 2007, Desney was honored as one of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Technology Review’s “Young Innovators Under 35” for his work in brain-computer interfaces.
Chuck Thacker, Microsoft Research
Charles P. (Chuck) Thacker joined Microsoft in 1997 as Director of Advanced Systems to assist in the establishment of the Microsoft Cambridge Research Lab, where he was involved in recruiting, defining the research agenda, publicity, and establishing the lab’s operating procedures. At the end of this two-year assignment, he returned to the United States and worked on the first Tablet PC. In 2005, he returned to Microsoft Research, where he is building a group to engage in computer architecture research at the Microsoft Silicon Valley Campus. Before joining Microsoft, Thacker worked for the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), and later at the Digital Equipment Systems Research Center. He served as project leader of the MAXC timesharing system, and as the chief designer on Alto, the first personal computer to use a bit-mapped display and mouse for user interface. Thacker is also the co-inventor of the Ethernet local area network, the DEC Firefly multiprocessor workstation, and the AN1 and AN2 networks. He has published widely and holds numerous patents in the areas of computer architecture and networking, and has led a number of seminal projects in these areas.
Thacker was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, and is a distinguished alumnus of the Computer Science Department at the University of California. He is a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), a fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), a member of the American Association of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering, which in 2004 awarded him the Charles Stark Draper Prize (with A. Kay, B. Lampson, and R. Taylor) for the development of the first networked distributed personal computer system. In 2007, Thacker received the IEEE’s John Von Neumann medal, which is awarded for outstanding achievements in computer-related science and technology, for his central role in the creation of the personal computer and the development of networked computer systems. In 2007, Thacker received an award from the Computer History Museum for his work on the Alto and “innovations in networked personal computer systems and laser printing technologies.”
Kristin M. Tolle, Microsoft Research
Kristin M. Tolle, PhD, is the Senior Research Program Manager for Microsoft External Research in the Health and Wellbeing team. Since joining Microsoft, Dr. Tolle has applied for several patents and worked for several product teams, including the Natural Language Group, Microsoft Visual Studio, and Microsoft Office Excel. Prior to joining Microsoft, Kristin was a Research Fellow for the National Library of Medicine and a Research Associate at the University of Arizona Artificial Intelligence Lab where she managed the group on medical information retrieval and natural language processing. Her research interests include natural language processing, automatic ontology capture, medical data mining, medical data confidentiality, body sensors, body sensor networks, and medical information retrieval. Her External Research activities include computational challenges associated with genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and devices, sensors, and mobility as technologies for the enablement of global public healthcare.
Michael P. Totten, Conservation International
Michael P. Totten is Chief Advisor for Climate, Water and Ecosystem Services at Conservation International. He engages institutions in adopting public and private strategies for shrinking, greening, and offsetting the ecological footprints (energy, emissions, land, and water) of goods and services throughout their lifecycle. He is principle co-author of the new book, A Climate for Life, an interdisciplinary perspective on preventing catastrophic climate change and human-triggered species extinction, and ending poverty while greening robust economic growth. Totten received the Lewis Mumford Prize for Environment in 2000 for pioneering the creation of interactive multimedia CDs and Internet tools for spurring ecologically sustainable green development. Totten is a board member of the Center for New American Dream, board advisor of Environmental Building News, and past board member of the American Solar Energy Society. He has made more than 2000 visual presentations and written scores of publications.
Bryan Traynor, National Institutes of Health
Bryan Traynor graduated from University College Dublin medical school in 1993 (MB, BCh, BAO). Between 1993 and 1996, he completed an internal medicine residency in Dublin and Boston, obtaining his membership of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland (MRCPI) in 1996. He then specialized in neurology and obtained his medical doctorate (MD) on the epidemiology and genetics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in Ireland in 2000. He moved to Boston in 1999 and completed a three-year neurology residency at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He was a Clinical Fellow in neuromuscular diseases between 2002 and 2004, and he specialized in both clinical and laboratory-based research of ALS. During this time, he also obtained a master’s degree in medical science (MMSc) from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This program focused on clinical investigation, drug discovery and development. Dr. Traynor was appointed as both a staff neurologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and an instructor in the Harvard Medical School in 2004. In July 2005, he moved to the National Institutes of Health, where he works on the genetics and genetic epidemiology of ALS. He is also an adjunct faculty member at Johns Hopkins Hospital, where he sees ALS and dementia patients at the neuromuscular clinic.
He has published several papers on ALS and dementia and has been co-investigator or principle investigator on several clinical trials. He is a steering committee member of the European ALS Epidemiology Consortium (EURALS) and a member of the Scientific Review Committee of the ALS Association.
Sebastian Uchitel, University of Buenos Aires
Sebastian Uchitel is a Professor at the Department of Computing, FCEN, University of Buenos Aires, where he obtained his MSc level degree in Computer Science and a researcher of CONICET, Argentina. He also holds a Readership at Imperial College London where he obtained his PhD in 2003. His research interests are in behavior modeling and analysis of requirements and design for complex software-intensive systems. His research focuses on partial behavior modeling, including scenario-based specifications, behavior model synthesis, and modal transition systems. His research also includes goal-oriented requirements engineering, reliability, software architectures, and service-oriented architectures. Dr. Uchitel is currently Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering and the Requirements Engineering Journal, he was Program Co-Chair of the 21st IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE 2006) held in Tokyo and is the Program Co-Chair of the 32nd IEEE/ACM International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE 2010). Dr Uchitel has recently been distinguished by the Leverhulme Trust and the National Academy of Hard and Natural Sciences of Argentina.
John Unsworth, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
In 2003, John Unsworth was named Dean of the Graduate School of Library and Information Science (GSLIS) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, with appointments as Professor in GSLIS, in the department of English, and on the Library faculty. During the previous ten years, from 1993-2003, he served as the first Director of the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities (IATH), and a faculty member in the English Department, at the University of Virginia. For his work at IATH, he received the 2005 Richard W. Lyman Award from the National Humanities Center. He chaired the national commission that produced Our Cultural Commonwealth, the 2006 report on Cyberinfrastructure for Humanities and Social Science, on behalf of the American Council of Learned Societies, and he has supervised research projects across the disciplines in the humanities. He has also published widely on the topic of electronic scholarship, as well as co-directing one of nine national partnerships in the Library of Congress’s National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program, and securing grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Science Foundation, the Getty Grant Program, IBM, Sun, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and others. His first faculty appointment was in English, at North Carolina State University, from 1989 to 1993. He attended Princeton University and Amherst College as an undergraduate, graduating from Amherst in 1981. He received a Master’s degree in English from Boston University in 1982 and a Ph.D. in English from the University of Virginia in 1988. In 1990, at North Carolina State University (NCSU), he co-founded the first peer-reviewed electronic journal in the humanities, Postmodern Culture (now published by Johns Hopkins University Press, as part of Project Muse). He also organized, incorporated, and chaired the Text Encoding Initiative Consortium, co-chaired the Modern Language Association’s Committee on Scholarly Editions, and served as President of the Association for Computers and the Humanities and later as chair of the steering committee for the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations, as well as serving on many other editorial and advisory boards. He was born in 1958, in Northampton, Massachusetts; in 1978, he married Margaret English, with whom he has three children: Bill, Thomas, and Eleanor.
Andries Van Dam, Brown University
Andries van Dam is the Thomas J. Watson, Jr. University Professor of Technology and Education and Professor of Computer Science at Brown University. He received a B.S. degree, with honors, in Engineering Sciences from Swarthmore College in 1960 and Ph.D. in Computer and Information Sciences from the University of Pennsylvania in 1966. He has been a member of Brown University’s faculty since 1965, is a co-founder of Brown’s Computer Science Department, and was its first Chairman, from 1979 to 1985. He also was Brown’s first Vice President for Research from 2002 to 2006. From 1990 to 2001 he was a Principal Investigator in the National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Center for Graphics and Visualization, a research consortium including Brown, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Cornell University, University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill), and the University of Utah, and was the Society for Technical Communication’s (STC) Director from 1996 to 1998. His research has been in computer graphics, hypermedia systems, post-WIMP user interfaces—for both virtual reality and for pen- and touch-computing, and educational software. He has been conducting research for more than four decades on systems for creating and reading electronic books with interactive illustrations for use in teaching and research.
Daniel Wigdor, Microsoft
Daniel Wigdor is the User Experience Architect on the Microsoft Surface project, where he leads a team developing fundamentals of touch and gestural interaction.
Before joining Microsoft, he conducted research in advanced user interfaces and devices at Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs, at the Initiative in Innovative Computing at Harvard University, and at the University of Toronto where he completed an MSc and a PhD in computer science, specializing in multi-surface direct-touch environments.
Andy Wilson, Microsoft Research
Andy Wilson is a Senior Researcher at Microsoft Research, where he has been applying sensing technologies to enable new styles of human-computer interaction. His interests include gesture-based interfaces, computer vision, inertial sensing, display technologies, and machine learning. In 2002, he helped found the Surface Computing group at Microsoft. Before joining Microsoft, Andy obtained a BA at Cornell University in 1993, and a PhD at the MIT Media Laboratory in 2000.
David Zar, Washington University in St. Louis
David M. Zar is a Research Associate in Computer Science and Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis. He has been working on PC-based, low-cost medical ultrasound since 1991. The Universal Serial Bus (USB) ultrasound probes he helped develop, which require only a laptop to form a complete ultrasonic imaging system, were named by Popular Science magazine as one of the Best 100 Innovations of 2006. The same year, the International Academy of Science named the USB probes one of the top 10 finalists for their “Technology of the Year Award.” Since early in 2008, he has spent much of his time investigating ways to enable smart phones and other mobile devices to be used for remote, diagnostic imaging.
Ilya Zaslavsky, University of California–San Diego
Ilya Zaslavsky is Director of Spatial Information Systems Laboratory at San Diego Supercomputer Center, University of California San Diego. His research focuses on distributed information management systems, in particular on spatial and temporal data integration, geographic information systems, and spatial data analysis. Ilya has been leading design and technical development in several cyberinfrastructure projects, including the national-scale Hydrologic Information System, which develops standards, databases, and services for integration of hydrologic observations. He has also developed spatial data management infrastructure as part of several large projects, in domains ranging from neuroscience (digital brain atlases) to geology, disaster response (NIEHS Katrina portal), regional planning, and conservation. Ilya received his PhD from the University of Washington (1995) for research on statistical analysis and reasoning models for geographic data. Previously, he received a PhD equivalent from the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography, for his work on urban simulation modeling and metropolitan evolution (1990).
Feng Zhao, Microsoft Research
Dr. Feng Zhao is an Assistant Managing Director at Microsoft Research Asia, where he oversees multiple research areas including the systems, wireless and networking, hardware computing, and media communications groups. Prior to joining Microsoft Research Asia, Feng Zhao was a principal researcher at Microsoft Research Redmond, where he founded and managed the Networked Embedded Computing Group. During this time, he led the group to develop the Microsoft Research sensor mote, Tiny Web Service, SenseWeb and SensorMap, Data Center Genome, and JouleMeter. These technologies have been used to monitor Microsoft data centers for greater energy efficiency and service reliability. Feng Zhao also served as the Founding Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks and has authored or co-authored more than 100 technical papers and books. He was a Sloan Research Fellow in Computer Science and received a number of awards, and his work has been featured in news media such as BBC World News, Business Week, and Technology Review. Before joining Microsoft, Dr. Zhao taught at Ohio State University as a tenured faculty member and Stanford University as a consulting faculty member, and was a principal scientist and area manager at Xerox PARC. Dr. Zhao received a PhD in Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Jun Zhu, Zhejiang University
Jun Zhu is Professor, Director of Institute of Bioinformatics, and Vice President of Zhejiang University. He earned his PhD with a co-major in statistics and genetics from North Carolina State University, Raleigh, United States. His research interest focuses on developing genetic models and analysis methods for complex traits. A serials diallel cross models have been proposed for analyzing additive, dominance, additive × additive epistatic effects and their interaction effects with environment, and mixed-model based compositive interval mapping (MCIM) for complex traits. Additional research has focused on combining QTL mapping with bioinformatics methods to find functional genes. He has developed software, including QGAStation and QTLNetwork. These proposed methods and software have been widely employed in studying on the genetic mechanism of complex traits.
Booth 1: WorldWide Telescope–Earth
See a demonstration of the amazing visualization features in Microsoft Research WorldWide Telescope by zooming in from the universe to the earth.
Booth 2: Sensors, Data Acquisition, and Science Narratives
This demo shows several field sensors in the context of research sites, transportation, logistics, and data capture machinery. The purpose is to show how scientific narratives result from the (often arduous) process of getting sensing equipment operational in the field, and how these narratives, in turn, relate to the modeling community.
Booth 3: SciScope: Web 2.0 Meets Geoscientific Data
For interdisciplinary scientists, engineers, and environmental citizens, SciScope provides an easy way to discover and retrieve environmental quality data as an access point to multiple data repositories offering near real-time and historic data from in-situ sensors as well as bottle samples. In addition to observation results, through SciScope users can access relevant fact sheets to find out about physical properties, toxicity information, and regulations about chemicals or disease symptoms, and taxonomy of pathogenic organisms. Users can also contribute to the system by providing comments on existing datasets or submitting new datasets, hence taking advantage of SciScope to share their data with a larger audience that includes fellow citizen scientists/enthusiasts and the general public.
Booth 4: Tools and Services for Data Intensive Research
We discuss and demonstrate the academic release of Dryad on HPCS and provide electronic copies of the programming guides, algorithms running in Dryad, and hands-on demos that illustrate the simplicity and power of Dryad. In addition, we demonstrate services and data on the Microsoft cloud computing platform, Azure. In particular, we demonstrate PhyloD, which was developed in our eScience group as an Azure service for the research community to use.
Booth 5: India Digital Heritage
Advances in the fields of computer vision, graphics, and interactive media make it possible for us to both record and highlight the rich architectural, historical, and cultural heritage that is associated with monuments—in India and across the world. The India Digital Heritage Project is a collaborative initiative between Microsoft Research India, the Government of India, and academia, with the aim of using novel techniques to capture and present various aspects of India’s diverse heritage efficiently, while advancing the state-of-the art in related research areas. The India Digital Heritage demo presents one possible approach to weave a narrative that encompasses the tangible and intangible aspects of heritage.
Booth 6: Microsoft Research Asia eHeritage: Past is Future
Each nation’s heritage represents its past glory, its present identity, and its inspiration for the future. However, many valuable treasures that form part of our cultural heritage have been damaged or destroyed by time, weathering, natural disasters, and disasters caused by humans. With advances in modern computer science and technology, we are now in a position to capture the glory of national heritages for present and future generations.
The eHeritage project proposes to apply the latest computing technologies to digital preservation, virtual restoration, and interactive display of the Asia-Pacific region’s unique historical treasures. Through this project, Microsoft Research will demonstrate not only how Microsoft advanced technologies and tools can help preserve the heritage of the nations of the world, but also how they can establish a platform for academia, domain experts, and Microsoft researchers to collaborate for the good of society.
The gigapixel digital camera and appearance manifolds technology developed by Microsoft Research and universities are key technologies that can be applied by museums to capture high quality digital data and display. Information about more Microsoft Research and academia collaboration projects can be found on the Web site.
Booth 7: Tool Kit for Visualizing Large-Scale Data
Our tool kit provides a set of Microsoft Silverlight/AJAX controls for visualizing large-scale structured data from various data sources. The controls can be used to expose graphically the structure of the data, trends, and relationships of data properties. We also provide a platform that enables rapid development of a large-scale data-explorer, analysis, and reporting tools. We demonstrate several individual controls and a demo application built atop our tool kit. This demo application lets users explore a large set of article, image, and video data directly and easily.
Renlifang: Web-Scale Entity Summarization
Currently, we manually collect and understand Web information about a real-world entity through search engines. However, the information about a single entity might appear in thousands of Web pages. Even if a search engine could find all the relevant Web pages about an entity, the user would need to sift through all the pages to get a complete view of the entity. This demo presents Renlifang, a Web-scale entity-summarization system that efficiently generates summaries of Web entities from billions of crawled Web pages. Specifically, Renlifang automatically generates:
- A biography page for a person.
- A social-network graph for a person.
- A shortest-relationship path between two people.
- All titles of a person that are found on the Web.
- All the structured data we have in our local database about a person.
Booth 8: Swiss Experiment
Situated Interation — no description available.
Booth 9: Devices for Health Care
No description available.
Booth 11: Low-Power Processors in the Data Center
This demonstration shows an experimental prototype to study the use of low-power processors in the data center. These processors offer substantial fractions (33 percent to 50 percent) of the performance of the high-performance processors used in Microsoft data centers but consume a disproportionally smaller amount of power (5 percent to 10 percent). Power consumption accounts for as much as 30 percent of the total operating costs of a data center. Across Microsoft Internet properties, about 10 percent of data center CPU cycles perform useful work. Remaining systems run at near full power, because servers and Windows Server do not yet support low-power modes. To study the potential of low-power processors in the data center the Data Center Futures team built a prototype containing 100 dual-core Atom processors. Half are attached to standard hard disks and half are attached to low-power flash storage, to study the tradeoffs of this technology in the data center. The processors are connected through the Monsoon network. This prototype will be used to test new technologies (including flash, optical networks, and FPGA accelerators) and for a variety of experiments, such as powering down idle processors. We believe that data centers in the future will include many more low-power processors. This prototype is the first step in demonstrating their potential cost savings and in developing the algorithms and software to take advantage of these processors.
Closed-Loop Control Systems for the Data Center
This demonstration shows a closed-loop, adaptive control system for Windows Live Search that aims to minimize energy usage while guaranteeing a service-level agreement (SLA) for search response time. Power is a central issue in the design and management of data centers. Power consumption accounts for as much as 30 percent of a data center’s operating costs. Idle machines consume a good fraction of this power; only about 7.5 percent of CPU cycles executed in Microsoft data centers perform useful work. Minimizing power usage during periods of low workload could save Microsoft money. Applications deployed in the data centers, however, require a strong guarantee of their performance. For example, Live Search requires the response time of at least 99 percent of queries to be less than 300 milliseconds. A key challenge is to minimize power usage while meeting the desired SLAs. To address this challenge, we present an energy-aware prototype built using 100 low-power Atom processors that execute a Live Search benchmark with a scaled-down, 1-GB search index per node. To meet the 300-millisecond response time, we apply machine-learning techniques that model performance as a function of workload and that set power states (idle, sleep, hibernate) across nodes to save energy. Because transitions between different power states incur a latency of 15 to 30 seconds, our prototype provides a predictor module that switches processors to different power states in advance of workload transitions.
Booth 12: Freehand Interactions with the Omni-Projector
This demo presents a combination of a standard projector with a wide-angle lens capable of projecting data onto the entire, 360-degree surrounding environment from a single position. This setup provides an immersive experience similar to the much more expensive existing planetarium projectors or Virtual Reality CAVE projectors, on which all of the surfaces in the room can receive projections. We have added an infrared camera that shares the wide-angle lens with the projector and is capable of detecting a user’s hands and tracking freehand gestures in mid-air, without additional gloves or tracking objects. This demo integrates several Microsoft technologies into a stunning presentation: We offer a hemispherical dome in which users can interact with data from Virtual Earth and WorldWide Telescope.
Booth 13: The MIPS-to-Verilog Compiler
The MIPS-to-Verilog (M2V) compiler translates blocks of MIPS machine code into a hardware design captured in Verilog. With the addition of control transfers across basic blocks, the compiler can handle all the “hot” code in an application, including nested loops and recursive functions. In conjunction with the BBTools and the Giano simulator, M2V offers a complete and automated way to create efficient application accelerators. Shortly, we will provide the first (source) release of the compiler, for academic use.
Scheduling Accelerators on NetBSD
This project uses an established operating system to run applications on the eMIPS dynamically extensible processor. We schedule the extension slots (accelerators) in the best possible way, and without any advanced knowledge of the characteristics of the running applications. The accelerator scheduler is a new loadable kernel module that can be replaced/extended by the end user.
Booth 14: Multi-Core eMIPS
The eMIPS MC microprocessor is the first attempt to implement a secure, multiple core, multi-user platform using an extensible instruction set architecture. The eMIPS MC integrates two or more eMIPS extensible ISA cores using both shared memory and message passing models. The eMIPS MC is a research platform to evaluate and explore application scheduling and acceleration on multiple customizable heterogeneous cores. Targets are the XUP board for multiple cores on a single FPGA, and the Berkeley Emulation Engine 3 (BEE3) for multiple cores per FPGA in a multi-FPGA configuration.
Booth 15: Multi-Touch Input Sensing
This demonstration shows a multi-touch surface based upon the principle of frustrated total internal reflection (FTIR). While FTIR is a popular for creating multi-touch interfaces, most approaches use a projector and digital camera, which make the system large and expensive. This prototype uses infrared LEDs and photo transistors placed along the edge of the surface. A series of filters and algorithms is then used to convert the raw data into discrete touches to be used by a computer. The result is a low-cost multi-touch interface that could easily be attached to any existing display.
High-Speed Communication API for FPGAs
We can speed up many applications by several orders of magnitude using field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), but the communication between a host PC and the FPGA itself can often present a problem. Not only does setting up this communication generally require laborious custom software and hardware development, it is often a critical performance bottleneck for the system as a whole. This work eliminates the troubles developers have interfacing with FPGAs by providing a reliable and reusable high-performance software/hardware API infrastructure.
Booth 16: LED-based Dance Pad
This demonstration shows how light-emitting diodes (LEDs) can be used to create a reliable user interface for music arcade games like Dance Dance Revolution, In the Groove, and StepMania. One problem many dance pads have is that they have moving parts that eventually wear out. As the pads age, they become less and less reliable, to the point where they are no longer usable to play the game. Users become frustrated by the intermittent failure of the machine and seek other venues, and owners of the machine must repair or replace the broken dance pad. This prototype seeks to avoid this issue by using no moving parts. Instead, the reflectance of visible light off the foot of the user is used to determine whether the user is depressing a particular area on the dance pad. While there is room for improvements with respect to strength and reliability, this prototype already shows a simple, responsive, and effective solution to the “moving parts” problem while adding dazzling lighting effects.
Booth 17: Concurrency Analysis Platform and Tools
Concurrency bugs are difficult to find and reproduce. We demo the Concurrency Analysis Platform (CAP), which provides predictable control over thread interleavings. When a concurrency bug is found, CAP can drive the program along the erroneous interleaving, providing an instantaneous repro. CAP enables multiple concurrency-analysis tools that will be useful for developers and testers. The demo includes CHESS, a systematic unit-testing tool for concurrency; Cuzz, a concurrency fuzzer for obtaining more coverage from existing stress tests; FeatherLite, a lightweight data-race detector; and Sober, a tool for finding memory-model errors.
Booth 18: Solver Foundation: Mathematical Optimization
Microsoft Solver Foundation is a new framework and managed-code runtime for mathematical programming, modeling, and optimization, with a focused goal of helping businesses make near-optimal, strategic decisions. The possible applications cover a vast range: real-time supply-chain optimization, data-center energy-profile management, online-advertizing profit maximization, logistics of large conference scheduling, and risk analysis of investment portfolios. There are also direct applications to graphics and machine learning for which Solver Foundation acts as a runtime for such systems. All of these decisions are encoded through a declarative model specification, one that focuses the modeler and developer of stating the “what” rather than the “how” of the business decision to be made. This rapidly accelerates solution engineering and increases the degree of “what-if?” analysis possible. Solver Foundation has several specific solvers that are good for one or more domain and modeling situations such as linear programming (simplex and interior-point-methods-based), SAT solving, CSP, and quadratic programming. Eventually, solvers will include constrained, convex, non-linear programming.
Booth 19: Audio Spatialization and AEC for Teleconferencing
In multi-party conferencing, one hears voices of more than one remote participant. Current commercial systems mix them into a single mono audio stream, and thus, all voices of remote participants appear to come from the same location. This is in sharp contrast to what happens in real life, in which each voice has a distinct location. We demonstrate technologies to enhance the user experience in multiparty conferencing by using highly realistic, immersive spatial audio for both loudspeakers and headphones. This is proven to improve the conferencing experience significantly, because each participant can easily differentiate the current remote talker and focus on the content being discussed. Multichannel Acoustical Echo Cancellation (AEC) is a crucial component to enable a quality audio experience during conferencing, especially without a headset. We also demonstrate the AEC capability in real time so that the remote side hears only the near-end participant’s speech without their own echoes. Performance comparison among multiple AEC algorithms is provided.
Booth 20: Helping Writers Find the Right Words
Writers often need help in choosing words. They might be seeking to introduce variety into their prose or to avoid an awkward or inappropriate phrase. Often, they will consult an online thesaurus. In other instances, as when writing technical documents, writers might need to use terminology aligned with organizational standards and refer to a style manual, possibly stored on a corporate intranet. Conventional thesauri and terminology lists though, are static and usually quite unhelpful with regard to usage in context. We demonstrate a tool that provides writers with inline, contextual thesaurus help and offers a potential path to a new generation of online writing-assistance applications. We combine a paraphrase model, derived from aligned translation corpora and other corpora-based word-similarity data, with a large language model to provide suggested rephrasings that might be appropriate in the writer’s intended context. Optional Web-search functionality provides further examples of real-world use. By swapping in, or combining in, new, domain-specific language models, it also becomes possible to modify editing assistance to accommodate specific domains or corporate clients. This application can help both native speakers of English and those for whom English is a second or foreign language.
Booth 21: Commute UX: Dialog System for In-Car Infotainment
After deploying Blue&Me for Fiat and Sync for Ford, in-car dialog systems are morphing from cool gadgets that amaze people and sell more cars to integral parts of in-car infotainment. This raises the bar for the functionality, usability, and reliability of these systems. The presented in-car infotainment system contains novel technologies from Microsoft Research that enable natural-language input; expose a multimodal user interface including speech, a graphical user interface (GUI), touch, and buttons; and use state-of-the-art sound-capture and processing technologies for improved speech recognition and sound quality.
Booth 22: Social Desktop
Today, it is easy to share a Web page or a blog post, because items on the Web have unique IDs: URLs. We do not have this on the computer desktop. Social Desktop adds URLs to the files and folders on your desktop, letting you share anything on your computer with anyone who can click a URL. Persons receiving links can either access via e-mail or comment, tag, and search across all shared items via our Web page. We implement this by using a .NET service, but it is possible to create a universal namespace for every device and data source for a user, providing a universally addressable namespace with:
- Universal access. The same URL works from any device in the world.
- Universal sharing.
- Universal tagging and commenting.
- Freedom from legacy paths. Data is not limited by file-system concepts. You can have a URL drill into a sub portion of a document or a Microsoft Office PowerPoint deck, or data could come from a Web service or a database.
Social Desktop is a local service that maps the user’s local data into a .NET service bus service, enabling local data to be accessible through firewalls. Social Desktop also provides a Web-service view over the same data, with inherent RSS event streams for any container. New data sources can be mapped into the URL hierarchy, enabling a distributed view to be built. There are simple sharing paradigms that enable URLs to be shared temporarily or permanently.
Booth 23: Categorizing the Web
In collaboration with Windows Live Search, we have developed classification technology that assigns one or more topical categories to each Web page as it is crawled. For example, as the page research.microsoft.com is crawled and indexed, category labels such as “computers,” “computers/computer_science,” “science,” and “reference” are assigned to the page. These category labels provide a higher-level representation of Web pages than traditional content analysis and can be used in many different ways to improve search. We demonstrate several uses of these category labels: annotating search results with relevant categories, enabling users to filter search results by category, increasing the diversity of search results, categorizing users’ queries, and understanding the quality of search results.
Booth 24: Understanding Change on the Web
The Web is an ever-changing, dynamiccollection of information. Yet the tools we use to view and search for this information (browsers and search engines) focus on a single snapshot of that information. We present analyses of how Web content changes over time, how people revisit Web pages over time, and how revisitation patterns are influenced by user intent and changes in content. We have developed prototypes that support people in understanding how information with which they interact changes over time. Diff-IE highlights how a Web page has changed since you last visited it and enables you to see how the page has evolved. We also describe a new search model that represents and uses features about the temporal evolution of Web pages to improve ranking and to inform crawl policy.
Booth 25: “I Know It When I See It Search”
Learn about an interactive recommender system that provides an alternative way to find information on a computer. It observes the user’s selections from a controlled set to learn preferences and refine the displayed results by using simple machine learning techniques that are specifically designed to aid in information foraging activities.
Hands-on Math will allow people to write and interact with mathematical expressions by freely interchanging direct stylus and multi-touch interactions.
Surface Product Roadmap
This demonstrates key new features of Microsoft Surface’s recent release (SP1), and plots out the challenges and roadmap for the architecture of its user experience and toolkit over future releases. Microsoft Surface is a multi-touch tabletop with an extensible software platform for WPF and XNA development.
Booth 26: MSDN Academic Alliance and Imagine Cup
No description available.
Integrating Galaxy Zoo and Worldwide Telescope
WWT-based MSR and NAOC Collaboration
The WorldWide Telescope as a Novel Research and Publication Platform
Building a Better Scientist: Computational Science Education
|From Alaska to Brazil to Antarctica: Environmental science data systems built on Microsoft technology|
|Data Interoperability and Cross Domain Modeling|
|Search by Color|
|Mining Time-dependent Attractive Areas and Movement Patterns from Taxi Trajectory Data|
|Tools for Researchers|
|RAPT, M.U.P.P.E.T.S., and the Games for Learning Institute|
|Game: Themed CS Education: Empowering the Faculty|
|IPRE – Institute for Personal Robots in Education|
|Socially Guided Robot Learning|
|Publishing and Searching Sensor Streams on the Web|
|Towards a Friendlier mPlatform|
|PoolView: Privacy in a Mobile Sensor Web|
|Smart Phone-Compatible USB Ultrasound Probe|
|Structured Multi-modal Guidelines on Cell Phones and Mobile Devices|
|Application of Smart Phone in “Better Border Healthcare Program” (BBHP)|
|An Online Community for Teachers to Support, Observe, Collect, and Evaluate Assisted Communication with Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders who Use Smartphones as Communication Devices|
|A Caribbean-wide Healthcare Management System Based on Cellular Phone Technology|
|Random Forest Classification for Automatic Delineation of Myocardium in Real-Time 3D Echocardiography|
|Lowering the Barriers to Cancer Imaging|
|Oncological Image Analysis|
|Snackbot: A Service Robot|
|Human-Robot-Human Interface for an Autonomous Vehicle in Challenging Environments|
|Personal Digital Interfaces for Intelligent Wheelchairs|
|Human-Robot Interaction to Monitor Climate Change via Networked Robotic Observatories|
|FaceBots: Robots Utilizing and Publishing Social Information in FaceBook|
|Multi-Touch Human-Robot Interaction for Disaster Response|
|Survivor Buddy: A Web-Enabled Robot as a Social Medium for Trapped Victims|
|Prosody Recognition for Human-Robot Interaction|
|P13-1||Microsoft QUT eResearch Centre: Bioinformatics|
|P13-2||Accelerating Cancer Research using Semantics-driven Technology|
|P14-2||Development of Systems Biology.Net (SB.NET)|
|P14-3||.NET-based Clients and Services in the Cancer Bioinformatics Grid (caBIG)|
|P14-4||Survey Propagation Algorithms in Computational Biology|
|P15-1||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig’s Disease: Searching the Human Genome for Clues Using Chip and Laser Technologies and Computational Biology|
|P15-2||Shared Genomics: Accessible High Performance Computing for Genomic Medical Research|
|P15-3||Software System for Genetic Linkage Analysis of SNP Data|
|P15-4||Direct Brain-Computer Interaction and Functional Neuromonitoring|
|P16-2||Phenotypic Pipeline for Genome-wide Association Studies|
|P16-3||PGRx: An Interactive Software System for Integrating Clinical Genotyping with Prescription Drug Safety Assurance|
|P16-4||An Azure Science Cloud for Drug Discovery|
|P17-2||PowerNet: A Magnifying Glass for Computing System Energy|
|P17-3||IMPER: A Model of IMagery and PERception|
|P17-4||Infinite Nonnegative Matrix Factorization|
|P18-1||Multi-scale Simulations of Soft Elasticity of the Stem Cell and Its Contact/Focal Adhesion with Extra-cellular Environments|
|P18-2||Cryptography for Pervasive Communications|
|P18-3||Fast DBMS-Resident Machine Learning and Statistics: Extending the Sloan Digital Sky Survey SQL Server Database|
|P18-4||Direct Brain-Computer Interaction and Functional Neuromonitoring|
|P19-1||The Center for Computational Thinking|
|P21-1||PGRx: An Interactive Software System for Integrating Clinical Genotyping with Prescription Drug Safety Assurance|
|P21-2||Use Smart Phones to promote Diabetes Self-Management: Robust Elderly in Urban and Rural China|
|P22||Data Quality Management for Enabling Meta-Analysis in GWAS|
|P23||System Architecture to Accelerate Database Transactions|
|P24||Ad-Hoc Floating Point|