Episode 38, August 22, 2018 - You know those people who work behind the scenes to make sure nothing bad happens to you, and if they’re really good, you never know who they are because nothing bad happens to you? Well, meet one of those people. Dr. Brian LaMacchia is a Distinguished Engineer and he heads up the Security and Cryptography Group at Microsoft Research. It’s his job to make sure – using up-to-the-minute math – that you’re safe and secure online, both now, and in the post-quantum world to come. Today, Dr. LaMacchia gives us an inside look at the world of cryptography and the number theory behind it, explains what happens when good algorithms go bad, and tells us why, even though cryptographically relevant quantum computers are still decades away, we need to start developing quantum-resistant algorithms right now.