Extending SSD Lifetimes with Disk-Based Write Caches

  • Gokul Soundararajan ,
  • Vijayan Prabhakaran ,
  • Mahesh Balakrishnan ,
  • Ted Wobber

FAST 2010: 8th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies |

Published by USENIX

We present Griffin, a hybrid storage device that uses a hard disk drive (HDD) as a write cache for a Solid State Device (SSD). Griffin is motivated by two observations: First, HDDs can match the sequential write bandwidth of mid-range SSDs. Second, both server and desktop workloads contain a significant fraction of block overwrites. By maintaining a log-structured HDD cache and migrating cached data periodically, Griffin reduces writes to the SSD while retaining its excellent performance. We evaluate Griffin using a variety of I/O traces from Windows systems and show that it extends SSD lifetime by a factor of two and reduces average I/O latency by 56%.