First class modules for Haskell

Mark Shields, Simon Peyton Jones

9th International Conference on Foundations of Object-Oriented Languages (FOOL 9), Portland, Oregon |

Though Haskell’s module language is quite weak, its core language is highly expressive. Indeed, it is tantalisingly close to being able to express much of the structure traditionally delegated to a seperate module language. However, the encodings are awkward, and some situations can’t be encoded at all. In this paper we refine Haskell’s core language to support first-class modules with many of the features of ML-style modules. Our proposal cleanly encodes signatures, structures and functors with the appropriate type abstraction and type sharing, and supports recursive modules. All of these features work across compilation units, and interact harmoniously with Haskell’s class system. Coupled with support for staged computation, we believe our proposal would be an elegant approach to run-time dynamic linking of structured code. Our work builds directly upon Jones’ work on parameterised signatures, Odersky and La¨ufer’s system of higher-ranked type annotations, Russo’s semantics of ML modules using ordinary existential and universal quantification, and Odersky and Zenger’s work on nested types. We motivate the system by examples, and include a more formal presentation in the appendix.