This paper considers fully dynamic (1+ε) distance oracles and (1+ε) forbidden-set labeling schemes for planar graphs. For a given n-vertex planar graph G with edge weights drawn from [1,M] and parameter ε>0, our forbidden-set labeling scheme uses labels of length λ = O(ε-1 log2n log(nM) • maxlogn). Given the labels of two vertices s and t and of a set F of faulty vertices/edges, our scheme approximates the distance between s and t in G F with stretch (1+ε), in O(|F|2 λ) time.
We then present a general method to transform (1+ε) forbidden-set labeling schemas into a fully dynamic (1+ε) distance oracle. Our fully dynamic (1+ε) distance oracle is of size O(n logn • maxlogn) and has ~O(n1/2) query and update time, both the query and the update time are worst case. This improves on the best previously known (1+ε) dynamic distance oracle for planar graphs, which has worst case query time ~O(n2/3) and amortized update time of ~O(n2/3).
Our (1+ε) forbidden-set labeling scheme can also be extended into a forbidden-set labeled routing scheme with stretch (1+ε).