Nonlinear Discriminant Feature Extraction for Robust Text-Independent Speaker Recognition
- Yochai Konig ,
- Larry Heck ,
- Mitch Weintraub ,
- Kemal Sonmez
We study a deep neural network (deep learning) nonlinear discriminant analysis (NLDA) technique that extracts a speaker discriminant feature set. Our approach is to train a multilayer perceptron (MLP) to maximize the separation between speakers by nonlinearly projecting a large set of acoustic features (e.g., several frames) to a lower-dimensional feature set. The extracted features are optimized to discriminate between speakers and to be robust to mismatched training and testing conditions. We train the MLP on a development set and apply it to the training and testing utterances. Our results show that by combining the NLDA-based system with a state of the art cepstrum-based system we improve the speaker verification performance on the 1997 NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluation set by 15% in average compared with our cepstrum only system.