Map/Reduce style data-parallel computation is characterized by the extensive use of user-defined functions for data processing and relies on data-shuffling stages that prepare data partitions for parallel computation. Instead of treating user-defined functions as “black boxes”, we propose to analyze those functions to turn them into “gray boxes” that expose opportunities to optimize data shuffling. We identify useful functional properties for user-defined functions, and propose SUDO, an optimization framework that reasons about data-partition properties, functional properties, and data shuffling. We have assessed this optimization opportunity on over 10,000 data-parallel programs used in production SCOPE clusters, and designed a framework that is incorporated it into the production system. Experiments with real SCOPE programs on real production data have shown that this optimization can save up to 47% in terms of disk and network I/O for shuffling, and up to 48% in terms of cross-pod network traffic.
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