Precise Indoor Localization using PHY Layer Information
This paper shows the viability of precise indoor localization using physical layer information in WiFi systems. We find that channel frequency responses across multiple OFDM subcarriers can be suitably aggregated into a location fingerprint. While these fingerprints vary over time and environmental mobility, we notice that their core structure preserves certain properties that are amenable to localization. We demonstrate these ideas through a functional prototype, implemented on off-the-shelf Intel 5300 cards (that export per-subcarrier information to the driver). We evaluate the prototype using the existing APs inside a busy building, a cafeteria, and a museum, and demonstrate localization accuracies in the granularity of 1m x 1m boxes, called spots. Results show that our system, PinLoc, is able to localize users to a spot with 90% mean accuracy, while incurring less than 6% false positives. We believe this holds promise towards an important development in indoor localization.
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