Abstract

In tree-based multicast systems, a relatively small number of interior nodes carry the load of forwarding multicast messages. This works well when the interior nodes are dedicated infrastructure routers. But it poses a problem in cooperative application-level multicast, where participants expect to contribute resources proportional to the benefit they derive from using the system. Moreover, many participants may not have the network capacity and availability required of an interior node in high-bandwidth multicast applications. SplitStream is a high-bandwidth content distribution system based on application-level multicast. It distributes the forwarding load among all the participants, and is able to accommodate participating nodes with different bandwidth capacities. We sketch the design of SplitStream and present some preliminary performance results.

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