Web spam can significantly deteriorate the quality of search engines. Early web spamming techniques mainly manipulate page content. Since linkage information is widely used in web search, link-based spamming has also developed. So far, many techniques have been proposed to detect link spam. Those approaches are basically built on link-based web ranking methods.
In contrast, we cast the link spam detection problem into a machine learning problem of classification on directed graphs. We develop discrete analysis on directed graphs, and construct a discrete analogue of classical regularization theory via discrete analysis. A classification algorithm for directed graphs is then derived from the discrete regularization. We have applied the approach to real-world link spam detection problems, and encouraging results have been obtained.