Verified Reference Implementations of WS-Security Protocols
We describe a new reference implementation of the web services security specifications. The implementation is structured as a library in the functional programming language F#. Applications written using this library can interoperate with other compliant web services, such as those written using Microsoft WSE and WCF frameworks. Moreover, the security of such applications can be automatically verified by translating them to the applied pi calculus and using an automated theorem prover. We illustrate the use of our reference implementation through examples drawn from the sample applications included with WSE and WCF. We formally verify their security properties. We also experimentally evaluate their interoperability and performance.