Win32/Fotomoto is a Trojan that lowers security settings, delivers advertisements, and sends system and network configuration details to a remote Web site.
When Win32/Fotomoto is executed, it performs the following actions:
Modifies the registry to load Win32/Fotomoto as a service Adds value: DomainService With data: <path to Trojan>\<Trojan filename> To subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services
Retrieves system and network configuration details and stores them in registry values in the following subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\DomainService
Connects to a remote Web site and submits details about the system and network
Deletes registry settings pertaining to proxy settings every 15 seconds: ProxyEnable ProxyServer ProxyOverride AutoConfigURL In subkey: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\InternetSettings\
Adds registry settings enabling the use of a Web proxy, every 15 seconds: Adds value: ProxyEnable With data: 0x0 To subkeys: HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\InternetSettings\ HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\InternetSettings\
Modifies the registry to add itself to the Windows Firewall Authorized Applications List: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\WindowsFirewall\DomainProfile\AuthorizedApplications\List
Lowers security by changing settings related to Windows system file change notification: Changes value: SFCDisable With data: 0x00000004 To subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
May deliver pop-up advertisements on an infected computer
May download and install unwanted programs from a remote Web site
Take the following steps to help prevent infection on your computer:
Enable a firewall on your computer.
Get the latest computer updates for all your installed software.
Use up-to-date antivirus software.
Limit user privileges on the computer.
Use caution when opening attachments and accepting file transfers.
Use caution when clicking on links to web pages.
Avoid downloading pirated software.
Protect yourself against social engineering attacks.
Use strong passwords.
Enable a firewall on your computer
Use a third-party firewall product or turn on the Microsoft Windows Internet Connection Firewall.
Updates help protect your computer from viruses, worms, and other threats as they are discovered. It is important to install updates for all the software that is installed in your computer. These are usually available from vendor websites.
You can use the Automatic Updates feature in Windows to automatically download future Microsoft security updates while your computer is on and connected to the Internet.
Starting with Windows Vista and Windows 7, Microsoft introduced User Account Control (UAC), which, when enabled, allowed users to run with least user privileges. This scenario limits the possibility of attacks by malware and other threats that require administrative privileges to run.
You can configure UAC in your computer to meet your preferences:
Use caution when opening attachments and accepting file transfers
Exercise caution with email and attachments received from unknown sources, or received unexpectedly from known sources. Use extreme caution when accepting file transfers from known or unknown sources.
Use caution when clicking on links to web pages
Exercise caution with links to web pages that you receive from unknown sources, especially if the links are to a webpage that you are not familiar with, unsure of the destination of, or suspicious of. Malicious software may be installed in your computer simply by visiting a webpage with harmful content.
Avoid downloading pirated software
Threats may also be bundled with software and files that are available for download on various torrent sites. Downloading "cracked" or "pirated" software from these sites carries not only the risk of being infected with malware, but is also illegal. For more information, see 'The risks of obtaining and using pirated software'.
Protect yourself from social engineering attacks
While attackers may attempt to exploit vulnerabilities in hardware or software to compromise a computer, they also attempt to exploit vulnerabilities in human behavior to do the same. When an attacker attempts to take advantage of human behavior to persuade the affected user to perform an action of the attacker's choice, it is known as 'social engineering'. Essentially, social engineering is an attack against the human interface of the targeted computer. For more information, see 'What is social engineering?'.
Use strong passwords
Attackers may try to gain access to your Windows account by guessing your password. It is therefore important that you use a strong password – one that cannot be easily guessed by an attacker. A strong password is one that has at least eight characters, and combines letters, numbers, and symbols. For more information, see http://www.microsoft.com/protect/yourself/password/create.mspx.