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Dynamics 365

Passing UtcDateTime values in extended query syntax

Recently I was looking into the issue of passing UtcDateTime values into a query in X++ using extended query syntax.

First I will just clarify what I mean when saying “extended query syntax”:

This is extended query syntax:

(‘(validUntilDate = %1)’, DateTimeUtil::toStr(utcRefDateTime));

This is the regular syntax for ranges:

(‘%1’, queryValue(utcRefDateTime));

As you can see in my examples above, for the regular syntax using queryValue() is fine, but when using the extended query syntax, there are 3 basic rules for utcDateTime values:
– it’s necessary to use DateTimeUtil::toStr() to pass utcDateTime values.
– The query string needs to have brackets around it.
– No speechmarks/quotations should be used around the utcDateTime value.

So working example:

queryStr = strfmt(@”((StartDate < %2) && (EndDate < %2) && (validUntilDate = %1))”, DateTimeUtil::toStr(2010-01-10T14:00:00), DateTimeUtil::toStr(2010-01-10T17:00:00));

And a failing example with brackets missing:

queryStr = strfmt(@”((StartDate < %2) && EndDate < %2 && (validUntilDate = %1))”, DateTimeUtil::toStr(2010-01-10T14:00:00), DateTimeUtil::toStr(2010-01-10T17:00:00));

Failing with speechmarks/quotations:

queryStr = strfmt(@”((StartDate < %2) && (EndDate < ‘%2’) && (validUntilDate = %1))”, DateTimeUtil::toStr(2010-01-10T14:00:00), DateTimeUtil::toStr(2010-01-10T17:00:00));

There is an exception to these rules, that is when using 1900-01-01T00:00:00. Most functions in X++ are returning this as NULL when converting to a string but for the extended range syntax to work correctly we need it to be returned as a string, so the following functions cannot be used:


So in my environment I have introduced a new global function to make it easier for me to convert utcDateTime values to strings for extended query ranges, called dateTime2strQuery()

static str dateTime2strQuery(utcDateTime _utcDateTime)
str cvtDateTime;

    cvtDateTime = ‘1900-01-01T00:00:00’;
  cvtDateTime = DateTimeUtil::toStr(_utcDateTime);

return cvtDateTime;

So now my working example looks like this:

queryStr = strfmt(@”((StartDate < %2) && (EndDate < %2) && (validUntilDate = %1))”, dateTime2strQuery(2010-01-10T14:00:00), dateTime2strQuery(2010-01-10T17:00:00));