Our approach to product sustainability

At Microsoft, every device we produce fulfills our strict environmental criteria and is, at a minimum, designed to be compliant with all applicable legal requirements.

A user models a 3D object on their Surface using the Surface Pen

Empowering a modern, sustainable workplace

How our products and services are spearheading the future of the office.

A user draws a pinecone on their Surface in tablet mode using the Surface Pen

The UN sets sustainable development goals

Microsoft is helping address society's most pressing sustainability challenges.

Our manufacturing and supply chain environmental principles

Microsoft conducts its business in compliance with applicable laws and policies—striving to build sustainable products and protect the safety of our employees, our customers, and the public.

Conserve, reuse, and recycle

Where feasible, we conserve natural resources through the procurement and use of recycled, recyclable, and renewable materials; efficient use of energy; and participation in recycling programs for our products.

Reduction and disposal of wastes

At our facilities, we reduce and—where possible—eliminate waste through reuse of materials, source reduction, and recycling. All waste is handled and disposed of through safe and environmentally responsible methods.

Sustainable products

Our environmental policies and practices aim to protect, conserve, and sustain natural resources along with our customers and the communities where we live and operate. We use Microsoft digital technology to increase our sustainability.

Continually improving our performance

The objectives and targets we set ensure continual improvement in our environmental and management systems, both from our employees and our suppliers. We proactively identify environmental risks and areas for potential improvements.

Responsible sourcing of raw materials

We are committed to responsibly sourcing raw materials, as stated in our Responsible Sourcing of Raw Materials Policy. Collaborating with people, industry groups, and NGOs enables us to maintain our high standards.

Demonstrate responsibility to our stakeholders

We engage our stakeholders about our objectives and targets, and we periodically communicate our progress to our board, shareholders, customers, and public followers.


Design through sustainability

We perform assessments to calculate the environmental impact of our hardware products. This helps us identify the stages that pose the greatest environmental impacts and minimize these impacts.

Download our findings

Greenhouse-gas emissions across the life cycle of a Surface Pro

Our approach to product safety and sustainability

We have safety principles that guide our production work to ensure the devices we create are safe for their intended use and can be safely and responsibly recycled or disposed of.


Our approach to the product lifecycle

The people and organizations we empower inspire innovation from start to finish. That's why Microsoft is reducing our environmental footprint through measures both large and small.

Device recycling

We manage the complexity of the return-and-recycle phase by collaborating with contracted recycling partners, collection schemes, Microsoft stores, and OEM partners.

Our involvement

We belong to more than 150 producer-responsibility organizations worldwide, covering used electronics, batteries, and packaging.

Environmental compliance

We comply with the EU Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) Directive requirements and other applicable requirements everywhere we sell devices.

Decreasing our environmental footprint through our sustainability process


Our approach to responsible sourcing

Our Supplier Code of Conduct establishes the fundamental principles of ethical and sustainable business we expect from every supplier with whom we work.

We are proud of our commitment to sustainability

Full disclosure

We collect full material declarations for the components in our products. This helps us verify conformance to our requirements and gives us greater ability to assess the environmental impact of our products.

Knowing the risks

Microsoft screens our non-hardware suppliers against 23 different ethical, social, and environmental risks by country and commodity categories.

Much-needed time off

In FY16, we began integrating our new procurement standards into the contract-renewal process to ensure our suppliers in the US provide their employees who handle our work with at least 15 days of paid leave each year.

Since 2005, Microsoft has operated an industry-leading Social and Environmental Accountability (SEA) program

Substance management, sustainability, and efficiency