Design through sustainability

Our approach to product design is guided by life cycle thinking. We perform life cycle assessments (LCAs) to calculate the environmental impact of our hardware products. This helps identify the stages of the product life cycle that pose the greatest environmental impacts—for example, where the largest sources of emissions and energy use over the device life cycle take place—and helps us minimize these impacts. We publish greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption, and material composition data for our leading products through our Eco Profiles.

Greenhouse gas emissions across the life cycle of a Surface Pro

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Our devices are compliant

Every device we produce fulfills our strict criteria and complies with all legal requirements.

We're cutting energy costs

By combining existing systems with cloud-based analytics and business intelligence capabilities, Microsoft partners enable buildings to be smarter, use less energy, and perform at higher efficiency, saving approximately 10 percent of energy costs per year.

Our cloud saves energy too

Moving to our cloud services can help businesses reduce energy use by 30 to 90 percent per user versus running on-premise services.

Our approach to product safety and sustainability


We have product safety principles that guide our manufacturing and production work. These principles help ensure the devices we create and take to market are safe for their intended use and can be safely and responsibly recycled or managed at the end of their useful life.

Product safety reviews are conducted at initial product concept and repeated through design, prototype review, and testing, as well as during manufacturing, consumer use, and at the end of the product’s useful life. Hazard analyses and risk assessments are conducted during product concept and early design, and identified risks are eliminated or mitigated during subsequent design, testing, and manufacture consistent with the hierarchy of health and safety controls methodology.

Microsoft is a member of several organizations through which we learn about upcoming and proposed regulations, and we share best safety practices related to consumer products with representatives from industry and trade associations and with other manufacturers. For example, Microsoft supports the efforts of the Information Technology Technical Council responsible for keeping abreast of new safety regulations throughout the world and actively participates in International Electrotechnical Commission TC 108, responsible for standardization in the field of safety for audio/video and similar technology, information technology and communication technology equipment.