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Microsoft Security

Evolving Zero Trust—Lessons learned and emerging trends

Looking back at the last two years, to say that our security strategies have evolved would be an understatement. Organizations around the world made overnight transitions to remote work models in response to a global pandemic, forcing them to reassess attack surface areas as they underwent an accelerated digital transformation. Meanwhile, cybercriminals seized new opportunities—introducing COVID-19-themed social engineering campaigns and accelerated ransomware attacks. Nation-state actors launched increasingly bold and sophisticated nation-state attacks.1

In this environment, security transformation has become key to survival. The mandate to explicitly verify every access request, focus on least privilege access overall, and constantly assume breach to maintain vigilance was made clear, as exemplified by calls from governments and businesses worldwide to accelerate the adoption of Zero Trust strategies.

Sidebar: Zero Trust is a proactive, integrated approach to security across all layers of the digital estate that explicitly and continuously verifies every transaction, asserts least privilege, and relies on intelligence, advanced detection, and real-time response to threats.

The evolution of Zero Trust

Microsoft has embraced Zero Trust to defend our own estate and as a guiding principle for the development of our products. We have also helped thousands of our customers—including Siemens— deploy Zero Trust strategies, accelerate their digital transformation, and increase frequency of advanced attacks using our Zero Trust architecture.

Microsoft Security's Zero Trust architecture flow chart depicting lessons learned from thousands of Zero Trust deployments.

Figure 1: Learnings across thousands of Zero Trust deployments have informed our Zero Trust architecture, which emphasizes the critical importance of integrating policy enforcement and automation, threat intelligence, and threat protection across security pillars.

Lessons learned and emerging trends

Today, we’re publishing the new whitepaper, Evolving Zero Trust, to share the key lessons we’ve learned by embracing Zero Trust at Microsoft and supporting thousands of organizations in their Zero Trust deployments. This informs our beliefs on Zero Trust implementations needed to evolve to adapt and keep organizations protected. We’re also sharing the evolution of our recommended Zero Trust architecture and maturity model that has been informed by these insights.

Highlights from the paper include:

Cover page of Microsoft Security's new whitepaper, Evolving Zero Trust.

This document showcases the incredible evolution and acceleration in the adoption of Zero Trust security strategies. Just a few years ago, Zero Trust was merely a new buzzword for many organizations. Today, 76 percent of large organizations have adopted a Zero Trust approach. We hope that the lessons, trends, and positions we shared in this document are helpful in the planning and application of your own Zero Trust strategy.

The insights and actionable learnings in this document have been provided by a diverse group of customers, partners, and security-focused individuals working across applications, data, endpoint management, identity, infrastructure, networking, threat protection, and our own internal security organization. I’d like to thank our customers and partners for their expertise and insights, as well as my colleagues for their contributions to this whitepaper, architecture, and maturity model guidance.

Learn More

Get the complete  Zero Trust whitepaper for key insights, Zero Trust architecture, and a maturity model to help accelerate your adoption.

For a repository of technical resources to help accelerate the deployment and integration of Zero Trust across all security pillars, visit the Zero Trust Guidance Center.

Use the Zero Trust Assessment tool to evaluate your Zero Trust security posture, maturity, and receive practical recommendations to help reach key milestones.

Read the 2021 Microsoft Digital Defense Report (MDDR) for in-depth findings about Microsoft’s tracking of nation-state threat groups, specific threat actors, attack methods, and more.

To learn more about Zero Trust, visit Microsoft Security’s Zero Trust website.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions, visit our website. Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.


1Microsoft Digital Defense Report shares new insights on nation-state attacks, John Lambert, Microsoft. 25 October 2021.