Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the use of two types of features extracted from face images for recognizing facial expressions. The first type is the geometric positions of a set of fiducial points on a face. The second type is a set of multi-scale and multi-orientation Gabor wavelet coefficients extracted from the face image at the fiducial points. They can be used either independently or jointly. The architecture we developed is based on a two-layer perceptron. The recognition performance with different types of features has been compared, which shows that Gabor wavelet coefficients are much more powerful than geometric positions. Furthermore, since the first layer of the perceptron actually performs a nonlinear reduction of the dimensionality of the feature space, we have also studied the desired number of hidden units, i.e., the appropriate dimension to represent a facial expression in order to achieve a good recognition rate. It turns out that five to seven hidden units are probably enough to represent the space of feature expressions.