Abstract

The detection and potential removal of duplicates is desirable for a number of reasons, such as to reduce the need for unnecessary storage and computation, and to provide users with uncluttered search results. This paper describes an investigation into the application of scalable simhash and shingle state of the art duplicate detection algorithms for detecting near duplicate documents in the CiteSeerX digital library. We empirically explored the duplicate detection methods and evaluated their performance and application to academic documents and identified good parameters for the algorithms. We also analyzed the types of near duplicates identified by each algorithm. The highest F-scores achieved were 0.91 and 0.99 for the simhash and shingle-based methods respectively. The shingle-based method also identified a larger variety of duplicate types than the simhash-based method.