Scene recognition is a basic task towards image understanding. Spatial Pyramid Matching (SPM) has been shown to be an efficient solution for spatial context modeling. In this paper, we introduce an alternative approach, Orientational Pyramid Matching (OPM), for orientational context modeling. Our approach is motivated by the observation that the 3D orientations of objects are a crucial factor to discriminate indoor scenes. The novelty lies in that OPM uses the 3D orientations to form the pyramid and produce the pooling regions, which is unlike SPM that uses the spatial positions to form the pyramid. Experimental results on challenging scene classification tasks show that OPM achieves the performance comparable with SPM and that OPM and SPM make complementary contributions so that their combination gives the state-of-the-art performance.