Lens Fitting for Correction of Lens Aberrations

Established: January 1, 2012

All lenses have optical aberrations which reduce image sharpness. These aberrations can be reduced by deconvolving an image using the lens point spread function (PSF). However, fully measuring a PSF is laborious. Alternatively, one can simulate the PSF if the lens model is known. However, due to manufacturing tolerances lenses differ subtly from their models, so often a simulated PSF is a poor match to measured data. We present an algorithm that uses a PSF measurement at a single depth to calibrate the nominal lens model to the measured PSF. The fitted model can then be used to compute the PSF for any desired setting of lens parameters for any scene depth, without additional measurements or calibration. The fitted model gives deconvolution results comparable to measurement but is much more compact and require hundreds of times fewer calibration images.