A Microsoft Research innovation, TrueText takes the literal text and transforms it to more closely reflect user intent. It achieves this by removing speech disfluencies, such as “um”s and “ah”s, as well as stutters and repetitions. The text is also made more readable and translatable by adding sentence breaks, proper punctuation and capitalization. It is crucial for enabling real-time Speech Transcription, Language Understanding and Speech translation. It is being used by Skype Translator and various Speech transcription services and customers.