A Secure Cryptographic Token Interface
Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE Computer Security Foundations Symposium, CSF 2009, Port Jefferson, New York, USA, July 8-10, 2009 |
Published by IEEE Computer Society
Cryptographic keys must be protected from exposure. In real-world applications, they are often guarded by cryptographic tokens that employ sophisticated hardware-security measures. Several logical attacks on the key management operations of cryptographic tokens have been reported in the past, which allowed to expose keys merely by exploiting the token API in unexpected ways. This paper proposes a novel, provably secure, cryptographic token interface that supports multiple users, implements symmetric cryptosystems and public-key schemes, and provides operations for key generation, encryption, authentication, and key wrapping. The token interface allows only the most important operations found in real-world token APIs; while flexible to be of practical use, it is restricted enough so that it does not expose any key to a user without sufficient privileges. The security policy can be applied to the industry-standard PKCS #11 interface.